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Tranexamic Acid

Molecule Description

Tranexamic acid belongs to the antifibrinolytic class of medicine that is used to reduce excessive bleeding.

Uses of Tranexamic Acid

Tranexamic acid is used to treat heavy bleeding during periods (menstruation). It is also used to treat the blood loss from trauma, surgery, tooth removal and nose bleed.

Contraindications of Tranexamic Acid

When should one not use Tranexamic Acid

  • Allergic reaction due to tranexamic acid
  • Have blood clot or history of blood clot
  • Kidney disease
  • History of fits

Side effects of Tranexamic Acid

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Back pain
  • Headache
  • Joint pain
  • Rash
  • Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
  • Vision disturbance
  • Muscle pain
  • Stomach pain
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness

Precautions and Warnings of Tranexamic Acid


Can I take Tranexamic Acid during pregnancy?
Probably safe during pregnancy. This medicine should be used during pregnancy only if prescribed by your doctor or physician.

Breast Feeding

Can I take Tranexamic Acid while breastfeeding?
It passes into breast milk in low quantities and is not recommended during breastfeeding.


Can I drive if I have consumed Tranexamic Acid?
No information is available on the ability to drive or use machines, however, if you observe or experience any side effect, it is advised not to drive or use machines. Contact your doctor or pharmacist for further information.


Can I consume alcohol with Tranexamic Acid?
No information is available on interactions of medicine when taken with alcohol. You may consult your doctor or pharmacist for further information.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have any medical history, especially of: bleeding in the brain (subarachnoid hemorrhage), history of blood clots (such as in the legs, lung, brain, eye), certain heart diseases (irregular heartbeat, heart valve problems), blood clotting problems, kidney problems (including blood in the urine), irregular menstrual bleeding of unknown cause
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  • On long term use, regular eye check-up should be done

Mode of Action of Tranexamic Acid

How Does It Work?

In response to any bleeding in the body, blood clots are formed. This medicine prevents blood clot from breaking too quickly. This helps in controlling excessive bleeding.

Interactions of Tranexamic Acid

Interactions with other medicines

  • This medicine interacts with hormonal birth control pills and this can increase the risk of blood clots.
  • Anticoagulants like warfarin heparin that may decrease the tranexamic acid effect.

Interactions with food items

There is no food interaction that is reported with tranexamic acid.

Dosage of Tranexamic Acid


Symptoms of overdose may include severe dizziness and vomiting, low blood pressure, fainting. Seek immediate emergency medical advice in case of an overdose.

Missed a Dose

Take the missed dose as soon as you remember and then take your next dose at least 6 hours later. Do not take a double dose of medicine to make up for a missed one.

Content Details


Dr. Nikita Toshi

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)


Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Q: What special precautions should I follow?

A: Use tranexamic acid with caution in children and elderly as they are more sensitive to it.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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