Sparfloxacin is an antibiotic that belongs to the Fluoroquinolone group. It is a long-acting medicine and works by killing bacteria that cause infections.
Uses of Sparfloxacin
- Urinary tract infection
- Lower respiratory tract infection
- Typhoid fever, pneumonia
- Lower respiratory tract infection
- Acute sinusitis
Contraindications of Sparfloxacin
When should one not use Sparfloxacin
Do not take Sparfloxacin if you have an allergy to it or any other fluoroquinolone antibiotic.
Side effects of Sparfloxacin
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Allergic reactions like-fever, chills, rash, hives, breathing difficulty, swelling over your face, lips, throat
Precautions and Warnings of Sparfloxacin
Can I take Sparfloxacin during pregnancy?
It is preferable to avoid this medication during pregnancy.
Can I take Sparfloxacin while breastfeeding?
The patient should avoid Sparfloxacin during breastfeeding because it is secreted in breast milk.
Can I drive if I have consumed Sparfloxacin?
Be cautious while driving.
Can I consume alcohol with Sparfloxacin?
Patient should avoid consuming alcohol along with Sparfloxacin as it may affect the activity of the medicine.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- Your symptoms do not improve in a couple of days or if they become worse
- You feel sensitivity on exposure to sunlight
- If you are taking aluminium, calcium or magnesium-containing antacids or iron supplements, do not take them at the same time.
Mode of Action of Sparfloxacin
How Does It Work?
It inhibits the enzymes that are responsible for bacterial growth, repair and replication of DNA, which in turn restrict bacterial growth.
Interactions of Sparfloxacin
Interactions with other medicines
- Blood thinners (e.g. Warfarin)
- Antacids that contain magnesium or aluminium
- Didanosine chewable tablets
- A phosphate binder like Sevelamer or Lanthanum Carbonate
- Vitamin and mineral supplements that contain calcium, zinc and iron
Interactions with food items
This medicine has interactions with caffeine and milk/ milk products. Sparfloxacin can make the effect of caffeine stronger. Dairy or milk products or other products fortified with calcium can cause the medicine less effective.
Dietary Restrictions of Sparfloxacin
No information is available on dietary restrictions while you are taking Sparfloxacin, consult your doctor or pharmacist for further information.
Dosage of Sparfloxacin
A massive overdose of Sparfloxacin could cause kidney damage. A very large dose of this medicine can cause trouble in breathing, vomiting and seizures. Other symptoms that have been reported include urination problems, weakness or blue lips with pale skin. Consult your doctor immediately if you feel any severe problem.
Missed a Dose
Avoid missing doses as this may increase your risk of developing an infection that may be resistant to antibiotics. Take medicine as soon as you remember. If the missed dose falls at the time of your next scheduled dose, then skip it. Do not take an extra dose.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Sparfloxacin?
A: You must inform your doctor if you are suffering from any kidney, liver diseases, diabetes, heart rhythm disorder, a family history of long QT syndrome, myasthenia gravis, a current or past history of joint, tendon problem or arthritis, history of seizures, low potassium levels in the blood. Inform about all your ongoing medications, especially if you are taking blood thinners, heart rhythm medicines, etc.
Q: What should I avoid while taking Sparfloxacin?
A: Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Wear sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) or protective clothing since Sparfloxacin can make you more prone to sunburn. Be careful while driving or while doing any task that needs you to be alert. This medicine can impair your alertness. Do not share the medicine with anyone, even if they have the same symptoms.
- CDSCO. Sparfloxacin. [Accessed 25.sept.2019] (online):
- Mayoclinic. Sparfloxacin. [Accessed 14.Sept.2019] (online):
- Drugs.com. Sparfloxacin. [Accessed 14.Sept.2019] (online):
- Lactmed.sparfloxacin. [Accessed 14.Sept.2019] (online): Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006-. Sparfloxacin. [Updated 2018 Oct 31].
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
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