Repaglinide is an oral anti-diabetic medicine which helps your pancreas to produce more insulin and thereby lower your blood sugar (glucose) after meals.
Uses of Repaglinide
- It is used to treat persons with Type II diabetes to lower blood sugar levels after a meal who cannot control by diet restrictions and exercise alone
- It can be used as a single medicine or in combination with other anti-diabetic medicines such as Metformin
Contraindications of Repaglinide
When should one not use Repaglinide
- Do not take this medicine if you have Type 1 diabetes, liver disease, kidney disease and complication of diabetes in which there is excess acids in the body (diabetic ketoacidosis)
- Do not take if you are allergic to Repaglinide or any ingredient of this medicine
Side effects of Repaglinide
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Loose stools
- Low blood glucose level
- Stomach pain
Precautions and Warnings of Repaglinide
Can I take Repaglinide during pregnancy?
Repaglinide use in pregnant women has not identified a drug-associated risk of major birth defects, miscarriage or adverse maternal or fetal outcomes. Yet, it is not recommended for pregnant women.
Can I take Repaglinide while breastfeeding?
It is not secreted into breast milk. But still, do not breastfeed while you are taking Repaglinide without consulting your doctor. Because this medicine has the potential to cause low blood sugar in breastfed infants, Repaglinide is not recommended while breastfeeding.
Can I drive if I have consumed Repaglinide?
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar while on this medication. So it is advised not to drive or operate any machines.
Can I consume alcohol with Repaglinide?
You are advised for a limited intake of alcohol while taking this medicine because it can increase the risk of developing low blood sugar. Alcohol may affect blood glucose levels in a person with diabetes and interferes with the activity of Repaglinide.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- You have liver problems
- You have kidney problems
- You are about to have major surgery
- You have recently suffered a severe illness or infection
- You are under 18 or over 75 years of age
Mode of Action of Repaglinide
How Does It Work?
Repaglinide stimulates the release of insulin from the pancreas and lowers blood glucose.
Interactions of Repaglinide
Interactions with other medicines
Repaglinide may interact with medicines that are used to control high blood pressure, Barbiturates, Carbamazepine, Chlorpromazine, Olanzapine, Clarithromycin, Erythromycin, Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Cyclosporine, Gemfibrozil, Ketoconazole, Itraconazole, Rifamycins and Rifabutin.
Interactions with food items
Avoid taking this medicine along with grapefruit or grapefruit juice.
Dietary Restrictions of Repaglinide
- You are advised to take:
- Non-starchy vegetables, tomatoes, blueberries and other berries, oranges and other citrus and fishes with omega-3 fatty acids, walnuts, flax seeds and other nuts and seeds, beans
- You should avoid:
- Trans fats
- White bread
- Pasta and rice
- Fruit-flavored yogurt
- Sweetened breakfast cereals
- Flavored coffee drinks
- Honey, etc.
Dosage of Repaglinide
If you happen to take too many tablets by mistake, then blood sugar may become too low leading to symptoms of cold sweats, increase in heart rate, tremors and anxiety. In such cases, consult your physician as soon as possible.
Missed a Dose
If you missed a dose, take the next dose as usual but do not double the dose. Increasing the dosage can be dangerous as you may experience low blood sugar levels, which can be serious.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What precautions should one follow before starting the treatment?
A: Repaglinide should be used with caution in elderly persons because they may be more sensitive to it. Repaglinide may cause changes in your blood sugar levels. One should be aware of the symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) episodes and be prepared to treat them.
Q: What precautions should one take before going out to travel?
A: You should always carry some glucose, sugary food or fruit juice with you in case you experience symptoms of low blood glucose level (hypoglycemia) such as cold sweats, increase in heart rate, tremors and anxiety.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
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