Lactulose is a laxative which contains synthetic sugar. It is used for the trea
tment of constipation and liver diseases.
Uses of Lactulose
- Constipation of short or long duration
- Liver disease causing decrease in the brain function (Hepatic Encephalopathy)
Contraindications of Lactulose
When should one not use Lactulose
- Do not take this medicine if:
- You are allergic to Lactulose
- You have Galactosaemia where there is an increase in galactose sugar level in the blood
- You have bowel blockage with the cause not known
- You have galactose or fructose intolerance
Side effects of Lactulose
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Loose motions
- Nausea or vomiting
- Gas formation
- Stomach pain
Precautions and Warnings of Lactulose
Can I take Lactulose during pregnancy?
It is probably safe taking this medicine during pregnancy as this medicine does not cause any adverse effect on an unborn baby.
Can I take Lactulose while breastfeeding?
No data available whether this medicine passes in breast milk or not. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine while breastfeeding.
Can I drive if I have consumed Lactulose?
It has no influence on your ability to drive.
Can I consume alcohol with Lactulose?
Alcohol is strictly prohibited if you have liver disease.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
You have diabetes, stomach pain or are Lactose intolerant.
Mode of Action of Lactulose
How Does It Work?
- Lactulose is digested in the large intestine where the products absorb water into the pipe thereby softening the stools
- It also absorbs excess ammonia (in patients suffering from liver disease) from the blood in the intestine.
Interactions of Lactulose
Interactions with other medicines
Few medicines (e.g. Antacids, certain antibiotics) can interact with Lactulose to have adverse effects.
Interactions with food items
No specific interactions with food have been reported yet.
Dietary Restrictions of Lactulose
No information is available on dietary restrictions while you are taking this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist for further details.
Dosage of Lactulose
Overdose symptoms may include extreme thirst, pain in the abdomen, confusion, uneven heart rate, leg discomfort and muscle weakness. Seek emergency medical care immediately.
Missed a Dose
Take medicine as soon as you remember the missed dose. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking this drug?
A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. Also, mention to your doctor all the prescription and non-prescription medicines, herbal preparations and nutritional supplements that you may be taking before starting this medication.
Q: What instructions should I follow while taking this medicine?
- This medicine should not be used for long term
- Drink plenty of water (6 to 8 glasses of water per day)
Q: Tell me the necessary lifestyle changes to avoid constipation?
- Drink plenty of water
- Eat fresh fruits and green leafy vegetables
- Eat food rich in fiber content
- Regular exercise and walking
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