Q: Which blood tests should I do to check if my diabetes is under control?
You may do tests like fasting blood glucose, post-meal blood glucose (postprandial blood glucose), HbA1C
It is advisable to do tests like kidney/ renal function test, liver function test, an eye test, at least once a year as diabetes is known to affect your eyes, liver and even kidneys
Q: What diet should I follow along with the medicinal treatment?
Diet should include chapatis, multigrain bread, rice with vegetables, sprouts, roasted grams, plain cooked dal, soups, steamed vegetables, vegetables cooked with less oil, jamun berry, orange, guava, apple, watermelon, papaya, cow’s milk, curd, thin buttermilk, fish (grilled, baked or steamed), peanuts, cashew nuts, walnuts (handful)...
Drink at least 8-10 glasses of water daily
A diet should be high in fibre, low in fat with adequate protein, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals
Avoid maida, white bread, potato, noodles, corn flakes, poori, biryani, naan, fried rice, etc.
Avoid cream soups, carrot juice, deep-fried vegetables, packaged food
Q: My blood sugar drops quite often. What should I do?
Talk to your doctor about these frequent episodes of low blood glucose, if need be your doctor may decrease the dose of your medicine or change its timing
Have your meals at fixed schedules, never skip or delay your meals
Do not drastically change your diet unless told by your doctor or dietician
Avoid excessive intake of alcohol
Do not over excercise