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molecule

Oxytocin

Molecule Description

Oxytocin is a hormonal medicine used for inducing labour in full-term pregnant w...
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    Uses
    Contraindications
    Side effects
    Precautions and Warnings
    Mode of Action
    Interactions
    Dietary Restrictions
    Dosage
    FAQs
    References
uses

Uses of Oxytocin

  • Normal delivery
  • In caesarean section after the birth of baby
  • To stop bleeding after childbirth
  • Pregnancy loss before 20 weeks
contraindications

Contraindications of Oxytocin

When should one not use Oxytocin

  • Do not take this medicine if you are allergic to it
  • There is obstruction to normal delivery
  • You have strong uterine contractions
  • Normal delivery not possible
  • You are given prostaglandin medicine
  • Heart disease or severe pre eclampsia
  • There is no response to this medicine
sideEffects

Side effects of Oxytocin

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Swelling of tongue, lips or face
  • Headache
  • Uneven heart rate
  • Tears in womb lining
  • Retention of fluid in lungs
  • Decrease oxygen supply to baby
precautionsAndWarnings

Precautions and Warnings of Oxytocin

pregnancy

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Oxytocin during pregnancy?
A:
This medicine is not given till estimated date of delivery.
breastfeeding

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Oxytocin while breastfeeding?
A:
Oxytocin can pass into breast milk in small amounts but adverse effects in breastfed babies do not occur as the baby’s digestive system make it ineffective.
driving

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have consumed Oxytocin?
A:
As Oxytocin causes uterine contractions, women should avoid driving.
alcohol

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with Oxytocin?
A:
It is not advisable to consume alcohol with this medicine. It may cause unwanted effects.
otherGeneralWarnings

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have a history of caesarean section
  • You have chest pain
  • You have heart disease, high blood pressure or kidney disease
  • Your age is more than 35 years
  • Duration of your pregnancy is more than 40 weeks
modeOfAction

Mode of Action of Oxytocin

How Does It Work?

Oxytocin stimulates the uterine walls of the women, causing uterine contractions by changing the calcium concentrations in the uterine muscle cells. This induces labour and the child is delivered.
interactions

Interactions of Oxytocin

Interactions with other medicines

Prostaglandins, medicine use in epidural anaesthesia, cough and cold medicines containing decongestants, medicines containing caffeine or other stimulant medicin and other hormones used for various me...
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Interactions with food items

It is given only at the time of labour in a hospital setup. Hence, interaction with food is minimal. The doctor should be consulted for any food interactions. Fluid intake should be minimum as retenti...
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dietaryRestrictions

Dietary Restrictions of Oxytocin

No data available.
dosage

Dosage of Oxytocin

Overdose

Overdose of this medicine is unlikely, as healthcare professionals give it at the time of labour. Overdose with synthetic Oxytocin injection may cause excessive stimulation with strong (hypertonic) or...
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Missed a Dose

Missing a dose is unlikely with this medicine as healthcare professionals give it at the time of labour.

Content Details

WRITTEN BY
doctor

Dr. Arpit Verma

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

REVIEWED BY
doctor

Dr. Nikita Toshi

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

^

Q: In which conditions can doctor advise to do caesarean section?

  • Some conditions in which doctor will advise to do caesarean section are:
  • If there is an obstruction for normal delivery to take place
  • If the baby has a large head
  • If baby’s position is not normal during delivery

Q: How can the estimated date of delivery (EDD) be calculated?

A: Estimated date of delivery can be calculated by adding 9 months and 7 days to your first day of last menstrual period (LMP).
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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