Molecule Description

Ciprofloxacin is an antibiotic. It belongs to the Fluoroquinolone group, and it works by killing bacteria that causes infections.

Uses of Ciprofloxacin

  • Urinary tract infection
  • Lower respiratory tract infection
  • Skin infection
  • Sinus infection
  • Prostate infection
  • Bone and joint infection
  • Intestinal infection
  • Typhoid fever
  • Anthrax
  • Bubonic plague

Contraindications of Ciprofloxacin

When should one not use Ciprofloxacin

  • Do not take if you are allergic to Ciprofloxacin or any ingredient of this medicine
  • Do not take if you are on a medication of Tizanidine

Side effects of Ciprofloxacin

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Nausea
  • Diarrhoea
  • Joint pain and joint inflammation in children
  • Headache

Precautions and Warnings of Ciprofloxacin


Can I take Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy?
It is preferable to avoid the use of Ciprofloxacin during pregnancy.

Breast Feeding

Can I take Ciprofloxacin while breastfeeding?
You should avoid Ciprofloxacin during breastfeeding because it excretes in breast milk.


Can I drive if I have consumed Ciprofloxacin?
Be cautious while driving, as taking Ciprofloxacin may lead to dizziness.


Can I consume alcohol with Ciprofloxacin?
You should avoid consuming alcohol along with this medicine, as Ciprofloxacin may cause more dizziness.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You are taking medicines like Vitamin K antagonists (e.g., Warfarin, Acenocoumarol, Phenprocoumon or Fluindione), medicines for thinning of the blood, breathing problems, epilepsy, gout, Parkinson’s disease, for certain types of cancer, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, psychotic disease, nausea, and vomiting or skin conditions
    read less
  • You are taking medicines in organ transplantation or medicines that belong to the group of Antiarrhythmics, Macrolides or Tizanidine

Mode of Action of Ciprofloxacin

How Does It Work?

It inhibits the enzymes that are responsible for bacterial growth, repair, and replication, which further restricts bacterial growth.

Interactions of Ciprofloxacin

Interactions with other medicines

  • Anticoagulants like Warfarin
  • Phenytoin (to treat epilepsy or fits)
  • Probenecid (for gout)
  • Lidocaine
  • Olanzapine (antipsychotic)
  • Cyclosporin (for skin conditions, rheumatoid arthritis and in organ transplantation)
  • Sildenafil (for erectile dysfunction)
  • Medicines for heart disorders like Quinidine, Hydroquinidine
  • Agomelatine (antidepressants)
  • Antacids
  • Caffeine
  • Sucralfate
  • Sevelamer
  • Lanthanum Carbonate
  • Vitamin and mineral supplements that contain calcium, zinc, and iron
  • Zolpidem (for sleeping disorders)

Interactions with food items

  • Milk/ milk products
  • Other products fortified with calcium

Dosage of Ciprofloxacin


A massive overdose of Ciprofloxacin could cause trouble in breathing. Consult your doctor immediately if you feel any severe problem.

Missed a Dose

Do not take a double dose if you have missed a dose, take the next dose as soon as you remember.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking Ciprofloxacin?

A: You must inform your doctor if you are suffering from any kidney or liver diseases, diabetes, heart rhythm disorder, a family history of long QT syndrome, myasthenia gravis, a current or past history of joint, tendon problem or arthritis, history of seizures, low potassium levels in the blood. Inform about all your ongoing medications, especially if you are taking blood thinners, heart rhythm medicines, etc.

Q: What should I avoid while taking Ciprofloxacin?

A: Avoid exposure to direct sunlight. Wear sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) or protective clothing since Ciprofloxacin can make you more prone to sunburn. Be careful while driving or while doing any task that needs you to be alert. This medicine can impair your thinking. Do not share the medicine with anyone, even if they have the same symptoms.
Last Updated on: 17 Apr 2020 | 09:19 PM (IST)

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