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Q.) What are N95 masks? What are their uses?

  • N95 masks are special protective masks that are used to protect the wearer from contaminated, harmful air droplets and liquid which can contaminate your face.
  • The 'N95' name means it can block approximately 95 percent of harmful air particles from entering your body via nose and mouth.
  • They are also known as N95 pollution face mask or air filter mask N95.
  • It helps you protect yourself from transmission of droplet based virus or bacteria, dust, polluted air, fibre particles, allergy causing pollens.

Q.) Difference between N95, surgical mask and other masks in the market (comparison table)

Surgical Facemask

N95 Facemask

Surgical masks are loose fittedN95 masks are tight fitted
The edges of the mask are not designed to form a seal around the nose and mouth.The edges of the mask are designed to form a seal around the nose and the mouth.
It does not provide reliable level of respiratory protection and does not protect from smaller particles.It protects you from inhaling 95% of particulate matter including small & large particles.
It should be discarded after a single use.It should ideally be discarded after a single use, but can be used until the mask gets damaged, dirty, becomes wet or if you are unable to breathe and it is not forming effective seal.
Leakage may occur around the edges while inhaling in this mask.When the mask is properly fitted, minimum leakage may occur around the edges

Q.) How to wear an N95 mask?

A.) Wash your hands before putting on the mask.

N95 mask must cover both, your nose and mouth to protect you from inhaling in infected droplets or dust.

It should be worn properly, to work effectively.

But you should also remember, using a N95 mask will only be effective when you wash your hands regularly with sanitizer or a handwash while handling the mask.

Never touch the mask with unclean hands as it can transmit the viruses or bacteria from your hands onto your mask.

If you need to adjust or touch your mask, first wash your hands with soap and water or use an alcohol based hand sanitiser and then adjust it.

Q.) Are N95 masks reusable?

N95 masks comes under the category of “limited reuse”. Products are mostly meant for single use and not intended to be used more than once.

However, if you take proper care it can be used effectively for extended periods.

Store in proper packaging and Clean hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer before and after touching or adjusting the mask.

Avoid touching the inside of the mask. If you happen to touch the inside part of mask accidentally clean your hands.

If your N95 mask is damaged or dirty, or if it becomes difficult for you to breathe, you should remove the face mask, discard it properly, and replace it with a new one.

To safely discard the mask, you should remove it from the sides of the ears and never touch the part that covers your nose and mouth. You should place it in a plastic bag and throw it away in a closed dustbin. Immediately should wash your hands after handling the used N95 mask.

Q.) Can we clean N95 masks? and how?

No, it is meant for one time use or “limited reuse” and it should not be washed or cleaned.

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