Amikacin belongs to Aminoglycoside antibiotics class that is used to prevent or treat bacterial infections.
Uses of Amikacin
Amikacin is an antibiotic used to treat conditions such as serious infection by certain bacteria, including joint infection, intra-abdominal infections, pneumonia, and urinary tract infections.
Contraindications of Amikacin
When should one not use Amikacin
- A known allergy to any aminoglycoside
- You suffer from a disease called myasthenia gravis (severe weakness)
- If you have hearing difficulty, nerve problems or kidney problem
Side effects of Amikacin
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Skin rash
- Loss of balance
- Nausea, vomiting
- Low blood pressure
- Severe kidney failure
- Decrease in the number of red blood cells in the blood (anemia) or excessive amounts of the white blood cells known as Eosinophils in the blood (eosinophilia)
Precautions and Warnings of Amikacin
Can I take Amikacin during pregnancy?
It is not recommended by experts to use this medicine during pregnancy. This medicine can cause fetal harm when taken by a pregnant woman.
Can I take Amikacin while breastfeeding?
Amikacin passes into breast milk in small amounts. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Can I drive if I have consumed Amikacin?
If you experience any side effects like dizziness during treatment, then avoid driving.
Can I consume alcohol with Amikacin?
Interaction with alcohol is unknown.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- Have kidney problems
- You have hearing difficulties or tinnitus (ringing or buzzing in the ears)
- Amikacin may cause live bacterial vaccines (such as typhoid vaccine) not to work well. Do not have any immunizations or vaccinations while using this medication unless your doctor advises you.
- Amikacin may cause kidney damage, hearing loss for the elderly population, or infants who are on a higher dose of Amikacin; hence, one has to be cautious while giving this medicine to elderly or infants.read less
Mode of Action of Amikacin
How Does It Work?
Amikacin works by stopping the growth of bacteria.
Interactions of Amikacin
Interactions with other medicines
It is essential to let your doctor know about all the medications you are taking. Medicines that may interact with Mikacin include Amphotericin B, Cephalosporin, Cisplatin, Cyclosporine, Diuretics like Furosemide, and Ethacrynic Acid, anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen, other Aminoglycosides and can increase the risk of kidney damage or hearing loss.
Dosage of Amikacin
Overdose of Amikacin cause severe kidney damage, after which the patient may need to be on lifelong peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis.
Missed a Dose
If you have missed an Amikacin regular dose, then call your doctor and fix up an appointment as soon as you can. It is not advisable to miss a dose of antibiotics. It may lead to antibiotic resistance.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: When and how to consume Amikacin?
A: Use this medicine with or without food. Take extra fluids while on treatment with this medicine. Do not take it in large amounts as it may cause undesirable effects.
Q: What should I discuss with my physician before taking Amikacin?
A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. Also, mention your doctor all the prescription and non-prescription medicines, herbal preparations, and nutritional supplements that you may be taking before starting this medication.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
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