Ibuprofen is known as Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It is used for pain relief.
Uses of Ibuprofen
- It is used in the treatment of rheumatic and muscular pain, backache, headache, dental pain, migraine, neuralgia and periods pain
- It can also provide relief in fever and the symptoms of colds and flu
Contraindications of Ibuprofen
When should one not use Ibuprofen
- If you have a stomach ulcer or bleeding
- If you are allergic to Ibuprofen or any ingredient of this medicine
- If you have severe kidney, heart or liver disorder
Side effects of Ibuprofen
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Stomach pain
- Allergic reactions like rashes
- Stomach pain, heartburn, indigestion
- Diarrhea, flatulence
Precautions and Warnings of Ibuprofen
Can I take Ibuprofen during pregnancy?
It is not safe during pregnancy, especially in the last three months of pregnancy. You should consult with the doctor as he/ she will tell you about the usage of Ibuprofen after assessing the benefits over risks.
Can I take Ibuprofen while breastfeeding?
It is advised to consult a doctor, especially in the first six months of breastfeeding. It passes into the mother’s milk in small amounts, so it may affect the newborn baby.
Can I drive if I have consumed Ibuprofen?
It does not usually affect your ability to drive.
Can I consume alcohol with Ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen should not be taken with alcohol. It increases the side effects like dizziness and difficulty in concentration. It also causes severe stomach pain.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- You have heart problems including heart failure, angina
- You have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or you smoke
- You have asthma, allergic reactions
- You are in the age group of 12-18 years
Mode of Action of Ibuprofen
How Does It Work?
Ibuprofen acts by hindering the release of certain chemical substances in the body, which cause pain or swelling.
Interactions of Ibuprofen
Interactions with other medicines
- Blood thinners like Warfarin
- Medicines used to treat high blood pressure like Captopril, beta-blockers such as Atenolol
- Antiplatelet agents, cardiac glycosides, selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, Lithium, Methotrexate, Ciclosporin, Mifepristone, Tacrolimus, Zidovudine or Quinolone antibiotics
Interactions with food items
No known food interaction has been reported.
Dosage of Ibuprofen
Symptoms of overdose include nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, headache, ringing in the ears and confusion. At high dosages, drowsiness, chest pain, palpitations, loss of consciousness, convulsions (mainly in children), weakness and dizziness, blood in urine, cold body feeling and breathing problems can occur. If you think you have taken too much Ibuprofen, contact your doctor immediately or visit the nearest hospital.
Missed a Dose
Do not take a double dose if you have missed the dose; take the next dose as soon as you remember.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Ibuprofen?
A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. The doctor should know if you have an allergy, asthma, stomach ulcers or are pregnant.
Q: What are the precautions should I take while on this drug?
A: The dosage regimen of the drug should be followed regularly. Do not use this drug for an extended period. It is known to be toxic to the kidney on prolonged use.
- Ema. anadin 200 mg tablet. [Accessed 5.sept .2019] (online)
- Webmd. Ibuprofen. [Accessed 5.sept .2019] (online)
- Dailymed. Ibuprofen. [Accessed 5.sept .2019] (online)
- Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMed) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2006-. Ibuprofen. [Updated 2018 Oct 31].
- CDSCO. Ibuprofen.[Accessed 5.sept .2019] (online)
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
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