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molecule

Acetazolamide

Molecule Description

It is a sulphonamide derivative with anticonvulsant, diuretic, and antiglaucoma

properties.

uses

Uses of Acetazolamide

  • Glaucoma: a condition of the eye where the pressure in the eye increases
  • Abnormal retention of fluid in the body
contraindications

Contraindications of Acetazolamide

When should one not use Acetazolamide

  • You are allergic to this or any sulphonamide derivatives
  • Low sodium or potassium blood serum levels
  • Also, do not use in a particular type of glaucoma (chronic noncongestive angle-closure glaucoma)
  • Severe kidney or liver disease
sideEffects

Side effects of Acetazolamide

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Gastrointestinal disturbances (nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation)
  • Increased urination
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Drowsiness
  • Confusion and visual disturbances
  • Tingling in legs
  • Electrolyte imbalance
  • Blood in urine or stools
  • Itching, hives, rash; yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • Convulsions
  • Liver complaints ( loss of appetite, stomach pain, nausea, dark urine, jaundice)
  • Kidney stone
precautionsAndWarnings

Precautions and Warnings of Acetazolamide

pregnancy

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Acetazolamide during pregnancy?
A:
Do not take Acetazolamide in pregnancy. It may be unsafe.
breastfeeding

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Acetazolamide while breastfeeding?
A:
During breastfeeding, only on doctor’s advice, one should take this medicine.
driving

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have consumed Acetazolamide?
A:
Do not drive if you feel dizzy, tired, or have vision problems after taking Acetazolamide.
alcohol

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with Acetazolamide?
A:
Acetazolamide may cause drowsiness or temporary vision changes. These effects may be worse if you take alcohol while on treatment with this.
otherGeneralWarnings

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • Your age is above 60-65
  • You have any lung problems such as Chronic Bronchitis or Emphysema, which cause difficulty in breathing
  • You have or ever had kidney stones or any kidney-related problems
modeOfAction

Mode of Action of Acetazolamide

How Does It Work?

It reduces the functioning of an enzyme called Carbonic Anhydrase, which reduces the build-up of fluids. This action is desirable in conditions such as glaucoma and congestive heart failure.
interactions

Interactions of Acetazolamide

Interactions with other medicines

  • Medicines for your heart such as Cardiac Glycosides like Digoxin
  • Medications to reduce blood pressure
  • Medicines to thin your blood
  • Medicines to lower the sugar in your blood
  • Medicines for epilepsy or fits
  • Steroids such as Prednisolone
  • Aspirin and related medicines like Salicylic Acid or Choline Salicylate used for mouth ulcers
  • Other in the group of medications called carbonic anhydrase inhibitors like Dorzolamide or Brinzolamide which are also used to treat glaucoma
dietaryRestrictions

Dietary Restrictions of Acetazolamide

  • Drink plenty of liquids to prevent dehydration.
dosage

Dosage of Acetazolamide

Overdose

If you happen to take an overdose of this medicine, kindly seek medical care immediately. The effects of an overdose include drowsiness, decreased appetite, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, numbness or ti...
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Missed a Dose

If you missed any dose, take it as soon as you remember it. However, if it is less than 6 hours before you are scheduled to take your next dose, skip the missed dose, and continue your regular dosage ...
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Q: Does Acetazolamide affect blood pressure?

A: Yes, Acetazolamide may decrease blood pressure.

Q: Does Acetazolamide affect eye sight?

A: Yes, Acetazolamide may cause blurred vision. In case the symptom worsens, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Q: Does Acetazolamide increase urination?

A: Yes, Acetazolamide increase the frequency of urination in the initial few days.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
Disclaimer
The information provided herein is supplied to the best of our abilities to make it accurate and reliable as it is published after a review by a team of professionals. This information is solely intended to provide a general overview on the product and must be used for informational purposes only. You should not use the information provided herein to diagnose, prevent, or cure a health problem. Nothing contained on this page is intended to create a doctor-patient relationship, replace or be a substitute for a registered medical practitioner's medical treatment/advice or consultation. The absence of any information or warning to any medicine shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance. We highly recommend that you consult your registered medical practitioner for all queries or doubts related to your medical condition. You hereby agree that you shall not make any health or medical-related decision based in whole or in part on anything contained in the Site. Please click here for detailed T&C.
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