molecule

Irbesartan

Molecule Description

Irbesartan belongs to the group of medicines known as angiotensin receptor block...
Read more
    Uses
    Contraindications
    Side effects
    Precautions and Warnings
    Mode of Action
    Interactions
    Dietary Restrictions
    Dosage
    FAQs
    References
uses

Uses of Irbesartan

  • It is used to treat high blood pressure
  • It is also used to protect the kidney from high blood pressure and associated conditions like Type 2 diabetes
contraindications

Contraindications of Irbesartan

When should one not use Irbesartan

  • If you have an allergy to Irbesartan or any ingredients of the medicine
  • If you are more than three months pregnant
  • If you have diabetes or having a kidney problem
sideEffects

Side effects of Irbesartan

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Increased potassium levels in the blood – irregular heartbeats, chest pain, weakness, tingling
  • Feeling dizzy, sickness (nausea), vomiting, raised heart muscle enzymes (like creatine kinase)
  • Dizziness while getting up from a sitting or lying position (orthostatic hypotension), muscle and joint pains and low hemoglobin are common in patients with high blood pressure and Type 2 diabetes
precautionsAndWarnings

Precautions and Warnings of Irbesartan

pregnancy

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Irbesartan during pregnancy?
A:
Irbesartan should not be taken during pregnancy as it has the potential to harm the unborn baby.
breastfeeding

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Irbesartan while breastfeeding?
A:
It is unknown whether Irbesartan is secreted in the breast milk and harm the baby. Due to lack of availability of sufficient data, avoid breastfeeding while you are on this medicine.
driving

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have consumed Irbesartan?
A:
Irbesartan is not known to affect your driving ability. If you experience any symptoms like dizziness or drowsiness, avoid driving.
alcohol

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with Irbesartan?
A:
Caution is advised as alcohol can lower blood pressure and increase the side effects of Irbesartan like sedation or drowsiness, especially when you start the treatment.
otherGeneralWarnings

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have excessive vomiting or loose motions
  • You have kidney or heart problems
  • You are suffering from diabetic kidney disease
  • You are going to have any surgery
  • You are taking any of the medicines used to treat high blood pressure and diabetes-related kidney problems (like Enalapril, Lisinopril, Ramipril, Aliskiren)
modeOfAction

Mode of Action of Irbesartan

How Does It Work?

Angiotensin II is a hormone which narrows the blood vessels in kidneys, heart and lungs and increases the blood pressure. It also raises the levels of a substance called aldosterone, which acts on kid...
Read more
interactions

Interactions of Irbesartan

Interactions with other medicines

  • ACE-inhibitor or Aliskiren
  • Potassium supplements and salt substitutes containing potassium
  • Diuretics
  • Medicines containing lithium

Interactions with food items

Irbesartan can be taken before or after meals.
dietaryRestrictions

Dietary Restrictions of Irbesartan

Avoid potassium supplements or salt substitutes unless advised by your physician. Some high potassium fruits and vegetables should be avoided.
dosage

Dosage of Irbesartan

Overdose

Accidental or unintentional overdose with Irbesartan may not be harmful. But if you experience symptoms such as low blood pressure (dizziness, feeling light-headed or fainting), fast or slow heart rat...
Read more

Missed a Dose

Take the missed dose as early as you remember. If the next dose is too near, continue with your next scheduled dose and skip the missed dose. Do not take a higher or a double dose to compensate for it...
Read more

Content Details

WRITTEN BY
REVIEWED BY
doctor

Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

^

Q: Is there anything else I need to know before taking Irbesartan?

  • Inform your doctor if you are suffering from any kidney, liver diseases or congestive heart failure (decreased pumping ability of the heart)
  • Blood pressure, blood potassium and other electrolyte levels, and kidney function tests need to be checked regularly
  • This medicine can be taken with or without food but you are advised to take this medicine at the same time every day to derive maximum benefit
  • Irbesartan is slow to act and it may take 4-6 weeks to achieve the desired blood pressure levels
  • Do not stop the medication a few weeks after starting because you do not see any improvement
  • Its duration of action is also long and most commonly used once daily
  • Dose adjustment may be required in the elderly
  • Irbesartan should not be used in children and adolescents less than 18 years of age

Q: Is Irbesartan an effective medicine to control my blood pressure?

  • Irbesartan is of particular benefit in patients who have associated high blood pressure and Type 2 diabetes
  • Irbesartan is commonly used with a water pill called hydrochlorothiazide to adequately control high blood pressure
  • When used alone or in combination with hydrochlorothiazide, this medicine has demonstrated excellent safety and tolerability
  • It is one of the safest blood pressure medicines, even when used for long term
  • Apart from its protective effect on kidneys, Irbesartan has also shown benefits in high blood pressure patients with heart disease, especially heart failure (decreased pumping efficiency of the heart)
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

Recent articles

Disclaimer
The information provided herein is supplied to the best of our abilities to make it accurate and reliable as it is published after a review by a team of professionals. This information is solely intended to provide a general overview on the product and must be used for informational purposes only. You should not use the information provided herein to diagnose, prevent, or cure a health problem. Nothing contained on this page is intended to create a doctor-patient relationship, replace or be a substitute for a registered medical practitioner's medical treatment/advice or consultation. The absence of any information or warning to any medicine shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance. We highly recommend that you consult your registered medical practitioner for all queries or doubts related to your medical condition. You hereby agree that you shall not make any health or medical-related decision based in whole or in part on anything contained in the Site. Please click here for detailed T&C.