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Molecule Description

Miglitol medicine is a Glucosidase inhibitor used along with diet and exercise to control high blood sugar in people with Type 2 diabetes in adults. High blood sugar can cause kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs and sexual function problems.
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Uses of Miglitol

  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, nerve problems, blindness, loss of limbs and sexual function problems

Contraindications of Miglitol

When should one not use Miglitol

  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Intestinal ulceration or partial intestinal obstruction
  • Disorders of digestion or absorption
  • Allergy to the medicine or any of its components

Side effects of Miglitol

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Diarrhea
  • Flatulence
  • Rash

Precautions and Warnings of Miglitol


Can I take Miglitol during pregnancy?
It should not be taken during pregnancy. Consult your doctor if you are pregnant.

Breast Feeding

Can I take Miglitol while breastfeeding?
Miglitol may pass into breast milk. It should not be taken during breastfeeding.


Can I drive if I have consumed Miglitol?
It may impair with the driving ability. If you develop visual problems, do not drive.


Can I consume alcohol with Miglitol?
Alcohol may worsen the side effects of this medicine. Although rare, drinking alcohol with this medicine can cause a headache, flushing, nausea, vomiting.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You are recovering from an operation, infections with fever, injury or from other forms of stress. Inform your doctor as a temporary change of treatment may be necessary
  • Have severe liver or kidney disorder

Mode of Action of Miglitol

How Does It Work?

Miglitol acts by blocking the activity of Glucosidase enzyme present in the gastrointestinal tract, thereby slows down the breakdown and absorption of carbohydrates from foods. This effect helps to lessen your blood sugar that is raised after a meal.
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Interactions of Miglitol

Interactions with other medicines

  • Charcoal products
  • Digestive enzyme products (such as Amylase, Pancreatin)
  • Pramlintide
  • Beta-blocker (like Metoprolol, Propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as Timolol)

Interactions with food items

  • Excess sugar, packed food, oily food should avoid
  • Intake of vegetables, fruits and proteins can have significant benefits for people with diabetes

Dosage of Miglitol


Overdose does not result in hypoglycemia but it may result in transient increases in flatulence, diarrhea and abdominal discomfort.

Missed a Dose

Take medicine as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to the regular dosing schedule. Do not take extra medicine.

Content Details


Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking this medicine?

A: You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to it or have certain conditions. Tell your doctor about the medications which you are already taking and discuss all your health conditions. Discuss the benefits and risks of using this medicine.

Q: How to store this medicine?

A: Store at room temperature and away from moisture and sunlight. Do not store in the bathroom. Keep all medications away from children and pets.

Q: What are the precautions observed while taking this medicine?

A: Do not use the medicine if it is expired or near to expiry date. Always check the expiry date while buying the medicine.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts. Please click here for detailed T&C.
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