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Molecule Description

Ibuprofen is known as Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug (NSAID). It is used

for pain relief.


Uses of Ibuprofen

  • It is used in the treatment of rheumatic and muscular pain, backache, headache, dental pain, migraine, neuralgia and periods pain
  • It can also provide relief in fever and the symptoms of colds and flu

Contraindications of Ibuprofen

When should one not use Ibuprofen

  • If you have a stomach ulcer or bleeding
  • If you are allergic to Ibuprofen or any ingredient of this medicine
  • If you have severe kidney, heart or liver disorder

Side effects of Ibuprofen

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Stomach pain
  • Allergic reactions like rashes
  • Stomach pain, heartburn, indigestion
  • Diarrhea, flatulence
  • Nausea

Precautions and Warnings of Ibuprofen



Can I take Ibuprofen during pregnancy?
It is not safe during pregnancy, especially in the last three months of pregnancy. You should consult with the doctor as he/ she will tell you about the usage of Ibuprofen after assessing the benefits over risks.

Breast Feeding

Can I take Ibuprofen while breastfeeding?
It is advised to consult a doctor, especially in the first six months of breastfeeding. It passes into the mother’s milk in small amounts, so it may affect the newborn baby.


Can I drive if I have consumed Ibuprofen?
It does not usually affect your ability to drive.


Can I consume alcohol with Ibuprofen?
Ibuprofen should not be taken with alcohol. It increases the side effects like dizziness and difficulty in concentration. It also causes severe stomach pain.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have heart problems including heart failure, angina
  • You have high blood pressure, diabetes, high cholesterol or you smoke
  • You have asthma, allergic reactions
  • You are in the age group of 12-18 years

Mode of Action of Ibuprofen

How Does It Work?

Ibuprofen acts by hindering the release of certain chemical substances in the body, which cause pain or swelling.

Interactions of Ibuprofen

Interactions with other medicines

  • Blood thinners like Warfarin
  • Medicines used to treat high blood pressure like Captopril, beta-blockers such as Atenolol
  • Antiplatelet agents, cardiac glycosides, selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors, Lithium, Methotrexate, Ciclosporin, Mifepristone, Tacrolimus, Zidovudine or Quinolone antibiotics

Interactions with food items

No known food interaction has been reported.

Dosage of Ibuprofen


Symptoms of overdose include nausea, stomach pain, vomiting, headache, ringing in the ears and confusion. At high dosages, drowsiness, chest pain, palpitations, loss of consciousness, convulsions (mai...
Read more

Missed a Dose

Do not take a double dose if you have missed the dose; take the next dose as soon as you remember.

Content Details


Dr. Arpit Verma

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)


Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Ibuprofen?

A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. The doctor should know if you have an allergy, asthma, stomach ulcers or are pregnant.

Q: What are the precautions should I take while on this drug?

A: The dosage regimen of the drug should be followed regularly. Do not use this drug for an extended period. It is known to be toxic to the kidney on prolonged use.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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