Enoxaparin is used to thin your blood. It keeps your blood from forming clots.
Blood clots are dangerous because they can lead to severe blockages in your blood vessels; this can cause a heart attack.
Uses of Enoxaparin
- This medicine is used as a blood thinner to treat and prevent harmful blood clots
- It is used along with certain other medicines to avoid problems caused by heart attack or unstable chest pain
- It is also used to decrease the risk of recurring heart attack in certain patients
Contraindications of Enoxaparin
When should one not use Enoxaparin
- Have allergic reactions to Enoxaparin
- Have high blood pressure
- Have any major bleeding
- If in the recent past (last 100 days) if you had a decreased in your platelets (type of blood cells)
Side effects of Enoxaparin
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Bleeding (gum bleeds, nose bleeds, black or tarry stool, blood in cough and vomit)
- Skin rash
- Pain at injection site
- Numbness in your face, arms or legs
- Increased liver enzyme
- Stomach pain
- Hair loss
Precautions and Warnings of Enoxaparin
Can I take Enoxaparin during pregnancy?
This medicine is probably safe in pregnancy; however, there is limited information. Kindly consult your doctor for the same.
Can I take Enoxaparin while breastfeeding?
This medicine is probably safe in breastfeeding; however, there is limited information. Kindly consult your doctor for the same.
Can I drive if I have consumed Enoxaparin?
Enoxaparin does not affect the ability to drive.
Can I consume alcohol with Enoxaparin?
No known interaction.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- You have had an allergic reaction to Heparin that directly affects the platelets which are decreased
- You have endocarditis (an infection of the inner lining of the heart)
- You have a history of gastric ulcer
- You have had a recent stroke
- You have high blood pressure
- You have diabetes
- Problems with blood vessels in the eye caused by diabetes (called diabetic retinopathy) or you have had an eye operation recently
- You have kidney or liver problems
- You have a high level of potassium in your blood (this may be checked with a blood test)
Mode of Action of Enoxaparin
How Does It Work?
This medicine acts as a blood thinner. It stops the existing blood clots from increasing in size and also prevents the formation of new clots in the blood.
Interactions of Enoxaparin
Interactions with other medicines
Interactions with food items
It shows food interactions with certain type of blood thinners in food such as garlic, ginger and ginkgo.
Dietary Restrictions of Enoxaparin
No information is available on dietary restrictions while you are taking this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist for further information.
Dosage of Enoxaparin
Overdose may cause excessive bleeding (through external orifices such as gums, nose, anus, etc. or even inside internal organs). Seek emergency medical care if you think you have used too much of this medicine....
Missed a Dose
If you missed any dose, take it as soon as you remember. If it is time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and continue regular dosing schedule. Do not take an extra dose of medicine to compensate for the missed dose....
Dr. Mansi Savla
B. Pharm, PharmD
Dr. Ritu Budania
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking this medicine?
A: You should not use this medication if you are allergic to it or any other medicines like Heparin, Benzyl Alcohol or pork products. Tell your doctor before you have any spinal or epidural procedure recently. Discuss your all medical and surgical conditions. Also, mention to your doctor all the prescription and non-prescription medicines, herbal preparations and nutritional supplements that you may be taking before starting this medication.
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