medicine

Gardenal 30mg Tablet

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20 Tablet(s) in Strip
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Gardenal 30 MG Description

Gardenal Tablet is used to treat epilepsy (seizures). It slows down brain activity due to its hypnotic properties and thus helps in reducing the incidences of seizure attacks in patients who have epil...
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Product Summary

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ContainsPhenobarbital(30.0 Mg)
UsesTreatment and management of Epilepsy/seizures
Side effectsDrowsiness, depression, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hypotension, confusion, anaemia, constipation, slow heartbeat, double vision, staggering walk, fainting, suicidal thoughts
ClassificationANTI-EPILEPTIC
Check more medicines with composition as Phenobarbital(30.0 Mg)

Uses of Gardenal 30 MG

  • Epilepsy or seizures (abnormal electrical activity in the brain)

Contraindications of Gardenal 30 MG

  • Allergic to Phenobarbital or any of the ingredients of Gardenal Tablet.
  • Severe respiratory depression or have a history of respiratory diseases like chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Severe kidney or liver failure
  • Planning for pregnancy or are already pregnant
  • Acute intermittent porphyria

Side effects of Gardenal 30 MG

  • Drowsiness
  • Depression
  • Memory impairment
  • Low blood pressure
  • Respiratory depression
  • Altered blood cell counts: agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia
  • Megaloblastic anaemia (due to folate deficiency)

Precautions and Warnings of Gardenal 30 MG

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Gardenal Tablet during pregnancy?
A:
No, Gardenal Tablet is unsafe during pregnancy. Studies show a definite risk to the developing unborn baby. Since this medicine can cross the placenta, your baby can risk withdrawal symptoms if you take the medicine in the last few months of the pregnancy. Consult your doctor for evaluating the risks and benefits of your condition. Don't take it without consulting your doctor. Inform or consult your doctor at the earliest if you become pregnant while on treatment with Gardenal Tablet.

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Gardenal Tablet while breastfeeding?
A:
No, do not take Gardenal Tablet while breastfeeding without consulting your doctor. It has a low to moderate transfer to breast milk. It may cause unwanted side effects. Consult your doctor immediately if your baby shows signs of increased drowsiness, decreased activity, breathing problems or difficulty in breastfeeding.

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have taken Gardenal Tablet?
A:
If you experience any impairment in your vision while on treatment with Gardenal Tablet, it is advised to avoid driving. Gardenal Tablet can cause disorientation, drowsiness and dizziness, affecting your ability to drive.

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with the Gardenal Tablet?
A:
No, it is not advised to take alcohol with Gardenal Tablet. Consumption of alcohol can lead to increased drowsiness, difficulty concentrating and increased risk of falling.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have suicidal thoughts after taking Gardenal Tablet.
  • You experience any changes in blood cell counts.
  • You have decreased liver function.
  • You are suffering from kidney disease.
  • You're an elderly patient, the dose of the Gardenal Tablet should be carefully monitored.
  • You're breastfeeding, pregnant or planning to conceive.
  • Your symptoms don't resolve or clinical worsening of the condition.
  • You see any skin reaction, as this medicine can cause serious skin conditions like toxic epidermal necrolysis and Steven-johnson syndrome (life-threatening skin conditions).
  • You want to discontinue this medicine. Don't abruptly stop taking this medicine as it may cause withdrawal symptoms.
  • You are using oral contraceptives.

Mode of Action of Gardenal 30 MG

How Does It Work?

Gardenal Tablet contains phenobarbital which increases the activity of gamma-Aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors in the brain. GABA is a chemical messenger in the brain that reduces and controls the ne...
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Directions for Use of Gardenal 30 MG

  • Gardenal Tablet should be used as advised by your doctor.
  • The tablet should be swallowed whole along with a glass of water.
  • You should not break or chew Gardenal Tablet.
  • Gardenal Tablet can be taken with or without food.
  • Gardenal Tablet should be taken at a fixed time every day to maintain a constant level of medicine in the body and achieve the desired clinical effect.
  • Don’t take it with other medications without informing your doctor.

Interactions of Gardenal 30 MG

Interactions with other medicines

  • Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) like Selegiline - decrease the antiepileptic activity of Gardenal Tablet.
  • Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) like Citalopram decrease the antiepileptic activity of Gardenal Tablet by lowering the convulsive threshold.
  • Interaction with Valproate- can increase the serum concentration of Gardenal Tablet by decreasing its hepatic metabolism.
  • Interaction with other antiepileptic medicines like Phenytoin, Carbamazepine, and Oxcarbazepine can increase the hepatic metabolism and lower the serum concentration of Gardenal Tablet.
  • St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) – the antiepileptic activity of Gardenal Tablet is reduced by concomitant use of the herbal remedy St John's wort.
  • Folic acid - if folic acid supplements are given to treat folate deficiency, blood levels of Gardenal Tablet may decrease, leading to decreased seizure control in some patients.
  • Anti-arrhythmics like Disopyramide and Quinidine - decrease in the anti-arrhythmic activity of these medicines. Changes in dosage may be necessary.
  • Antibacterials like chloramphenicol, doxycycline - Gardenal Tablet reduces the blood levels of these medicines leading to decreased antibacterial activity.
  • Aripiprazole and other antipsychotics - Gardenal Tablet reduced blood levels of these medicines.

Interactions with food items

  • After oral administration, absorption of Gardenal Tablet is not affected by food. No interaction with food has been found.

Storage and disposal of Gardenal 30 MG

Store Gardenal Tablet at room temperature (below 25°C). Keep the tablets in an airtight container and avoid direct sunlight, heat and moisture from reaching them. Keep the Gardenal Tablet out of reach...
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Dosage of Gardenal 30 MG

Overdose

Symptoms of a Gardenal Tablet overdose include: blurred or double vision, drowsiness, dysarthria, ataxia, nystagmus (rapid side-to-side movement of eyes), tiredness, fainting, confusion, dizziness, na...
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Missed a Dose

If you have missed a dose of Gardenal Tablet, take the dose as soon as possible. However, if the time lapse is long and you are approaching the next dose, skip the missed dose and continue the regular...
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Content Details

WRITTEN BY
doctor

Dr. Vijay Y

MBBS, MD in Clinical Pharmacology

REVIEWED BY
doctor

Dr. Varsha Parihar

MBBS, MD (Community Medicine)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Q: What precautions should be taken for elderly patients taking a Gardenal Tablet?

A: Gardenal Tablet should be used with caution in elderly patients because they are more prone to other medical problems like hepatic and renal impairment. Dose adjustment needs to be done based on their condition. Some common side effects like sleepiness or unsteadiness may increase the risk of pre-existing conditions.

Q: How long do I need to take Gardenal Tablet to see the results?

A: It may take up to 60 minutes for you to notice this medicine’s effects. Gardenal Tablet's effects can last up to 10 to 12 hours. It varies from person to person and the dosage of the medicine. Don't change the dose. Consult your doctor if you don't see any results of the medication.

Q: Is Gardenal Tablet a habit-forming medicine, and does it cause addiction?

A: Yes, Gardenal Tablet is a habit-forming medicine. It can cause addictive behaviour if used for the long term. Therefore the dose must be carefully monitored.

Q: Can Gardenal Tablet be taken without a doctor’s prescription?

A: No, Gardenal Tablet should not be taken without a doctor's prescription.

Q: Is Gardenal Tablet safe for children?

A: Clinical studies have shown that a Gardenal Tablet (Phenobarbital) can cause learning impairments, behavioural and learning problems. It can worsen the condition by increasing existing hyperactivity and aggressive tendencies. Consult your doctor immediately if you notice any such side effects.
Product Details
Brand
GARDENAL
Country of Origin
India
Expires on or After
01/10/2022
Last Updated on: 01 Mar 2022 | 09:01 PM (IST)

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