Sizodon 4mg Tablet
Sizodon 4 MG Description
Sizodon is a prescription medication. It is an anti-psychotic used in the treatment of schizophrenia. The active component of Sizodon is Risperidone. Schizophrenia is a disorder where patients have a
n altered perception of reality, affecting how they feel, think, and behave. They can present with hallucinations, delusions, altered perceptions, mood changes, disorderly thinking: all of which can be debilitating. There are certain chemical messengers (neurotransmitters) and pathways in the brain that are thought to produce the symptoms of schizophrenia, two being serotonin and dopamine. Anti-psychotic medications primarily decrease this process, thereby producing relief from symptoms. This medication should be taken in the dose and duration prescribed by a medical professional. Starting or stopping the tablet suddenly can cause side effects.
|Uses||Treatment of schizophrenia, acute manic episodes in bipolar disorder, autism-associated irritability|
|Side effects||Weight gain, sedation, dizziness, constipation, nausea, anxiety, fall in BP, extrapyramidal symptoms, which include increased muscle tone, abnormal jerky involuntary movements, Parkinsonism features.|
Uses of Sizodon 4 MG
- As per FDA,
- Treatment of schizophrenia in 13-17 years of age and adults
- Alone (or with lithium or valproate) for treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes (short-term) in patients having Bipolar Disorder in adults
- For the treatment of manic episodes in children and adolescents (10-17 years of age)
- Treatment of irritability in children and adolescents ( 5-16 years of age) with autistic disorder
Contraindications of Sizodon 4 MG
- Hypersensitivity to Risperidone or any other components in this medication.
- There is a black-box warning for increased risk of stroke and death when used in elderly patients with psychosis associated with degenerative brain conditions.
- This medicine should be used with caution in patients with underlying cardiovascular diseases as they can be at increased risk of an adverse event.
- This medication can cause a decrease in normal blood cell counts.
Side effects of Sizodon 4 MG
- Weight gain,
- Increased appetite,
- Nausea & vomiting,
- Abdominal pain,
- Increase sugar levels in people with diabetes,
- Abnormal heart rhythms,
- Anxiety, restlessness (Akathisia)
Precautions and Warnings of Sizodon 4 MG
Other General Warnings
- You have a history of seizures or are taking any medications that are known to decrease seizure potential.
- You witness sudden changes in mood or worsening of symptoms of schizophrenia.
- Inform your doctor about any other medications you take alongside Sizodon to rule out any debilitating drug interactions.
Mode of Action of Sizodon 4 MG
How Does It Work?
Directions for Use of Sizodon 4 MG
- Sizodon tablet should be taken as prescribed by a medical professional.
- This medication should preferably be taken at the same time every day for best results.
- Swallow Sizodon medication as a whole. Don’t crush, chew or break this tablet.
- The complete course of this medication should be taken as prescribed by your treating doctor. Abrupt stoppage of the medication can cause withdrawal side effects. Consult your doctor before stopping this medication....
Interactions of Sizodon 4 MG
Interactions with other medicines
- Certain medications that increase the metabolism of Sizodon result in lower blood levels, such as carbamazepine.
- Fluoxetine, paroxetine, and other enzyme inhibitors increase plasma concentrations of Risperidone.
- This medication should not be taken with certain medications like quinidine, procainamide, sotalol, pimozide, pentamidine, ibutilide as it can cause irregularities in heart rhythms.
- This medication should not be used with alcohol or other CNS depressants.
- Clozapine decreases the excretion of Risperidone.
- Cimetidine and ranitidine increase the amount of active drug concentration of Risperidone.
- This medication should not be taken with Levodopa which is used to treat Parkinsonism, as it decreases the efficacy of levodopa.
- Concomitant use with BP-lowering medications can cause severe reduction of BP.
Interactions with food items
- This medication does not have any specific food interactions.
Storage and disposal of Sizodon 4 MG
Dosage of Sizodon 4 MG
Missed a Dose
Dr. Bhavika Shah
MBBS, MD (Dermatology), DNB (Dermatology)