Nicotine is used for Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) for people with smoking addiction. It is available a transdermal patch, chewing gums, nasal inhaler spray and tablets. Using a controlled amount of nicotine helps to reduce the withdrawal symptoms when you quit smoking.
Uses of Nicotine
- To quit smoking
- To quit tobacco chewing habit
Contraindications of Nicotine
When should one not use Nicotine
- Heart disease
- Heart rhythm disorder
- High blood pressure
- Stomach ulcer
- Allergy to Nicotine
Side effects of Nicotine
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Sleep disturbances and vivid dreams
- Nicotine gum and lozenges may cause heartburn, hiccups and nausea
- Nicotine nasal spray and inhaler may cause throat irritation, runny nose, sneezing and coughing
- Nicotine patch may cause skin irritation
Precautions and Warnings of Nicotine
Can I take Nicotine during pregnancy?
Nicotine and smoking may harm your unborn baby. If you are pregnant, try to stop smoking without using nicotine. During pregnancy, this medication should be used if and only when prescribed by the doctor.
Can I take Nicotine while breastfeeding?
Nicotine from smoking and this medicine passes into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
Can I drive if I have consumed Nicotine?
Using this medicine is not known to affect your ability to drive or use machines.
Can I consume alcohol with Nicotine?
Avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages when taking Nicotine Replacement Therapy.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- Take the dose of this medicine strictly as prescribed by your doctor
- Do not alter the dosage in any case by yourself
- Tell your doctor if you have diabetes
- Monitor your blood sugar levels more often when you start using this medicine
- Doctor may adjust the dose of Insulin you take
- All your ongoing medicines
Mode of Action of Nicotine
How Does It Work?
Nicotine can help you to quit smoking by replacing Nicotine in cigarettes. When you stop smoking, nicotine levels in the body drop suddenly, causing withdrawal symptoms like nervousness, irritability, headache and weight gain. Nicotine is given in such cases to avoid a sudden drop in blood-nicotine levels and thus prevents withdrawal reaction. A gradual tapering of nicotine replacement helps you to overcome smoking or tobacco addiction completely.
Interactions of Nicotine
Interactions with other medicines
- Medicines for high blood pressure (e.g.,beta-blockers such as Labetalol, Prazosin)
- Bronchodilators/ decongestants (such as Isoproterenol, Phenylephrine )
- If you stop smoking, it can change the way the liver removes certain medicines from your body (e.g. Acetaminophen, Caffeine, Insulin, Oxazepam, Pentazocine, Propoxyphene, Propranolol, Theophylline)
- Tricyclic antidepressants such as Amitriptyline/ Imipramine
- Water pills/ Diuretics such as Furosemide
Interactions with food items
No interactions specified.
Dosage of Nicotine
Symptoms of overdose can be lethal. Burning of the mouth and throat, nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sweating, headache, dizziness, hearing and visual disturbances, weakness, confusion, syncope, extreme tiredness, breathing difficulty, rapid heartbeats (and fast or weak or irregular pulse), low blood pressure, fits, respiration failure, coma. Seek emergency medical care immediately.
Missed a Dose
Skip the missed dose if it is almost the time for the next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to compensate for the missed dose.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Nicotine?
A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. The doctor should also know about other health supplements like herbal medications and nutritional supplements that you may take before starting this medication.
Q: What are the precautions should I take while on this medicine?
A: The dosage regimen of medicine should be followed regularly. Any dose miscalculation will have a serious effect.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)
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