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molecule

Nicotine

Molecule Description

Nicotine is used for Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) for people with smoking ...
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    Uses
    Contraindications
    Side effects
    Precautions and Warnings
    Mode of Action
    Interactions
    Dosage
    FAQs
    References
uses

Uses of Nicotine

  • To quit smoking
  • To quit tobacco chewing habit
contraindications

Contraindications of Nicotine

When should one not use Nicotine

  • Heart disease
  • Heart rhythm disorder
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Seizures
  • Allergy to Nicotine
sideEffects

Side effects of Nicotine

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Sleep disturbances and vivid dreams
  • Nicotine gum and lozenges may cause heartburn, hiccups and nausea
  • Nicotine nasal spray and inhaler may cause throat irritation, runny nose, sneezing and coughing
  • Nicotine patch may cause skin irritation
precautionsAndWarnings

Precautions and Warnings of Nicotine

pregnancy

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Nicotine during pregnancy?
A:
Nicotine and smoking may harm your unborn baby. If you are pregnant, try to stop smoking without using nicotine. During pregnancy, this medication should be used if and only when prescribed by the doctor.
breastfeeding

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Nicotine while breastfeeding?
A:
Nicotine from smoking and this medicine passes into breast milk and could have undesirable effects on a nursing infant. Consult your doctor before breastfeeding.
driving

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have consumed Nicotine?
A:
Using this medicine is not known to affect your ability to drive or use machines.
alcohol

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with Nicotine?
A:
Avoid the consumption of alcoholic beverages when taking Nicotine Replacement Therapy.
otherGeneralWarnings

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • Take the dose of this medicine strictly as prescribed by your doctor
  • Do not alter the dosage in any case by yourself
  • Tell your doctor if you have diabetes
  • Monitor your blood sugar levels more often when you start using this medicine
  • Doctor may adjust the dose of Insulin you take
  • All your ongoing medicines
modeOfAction

Mode of Action of Nicotine

How Does It Work?

Nicotine can help you to quit smoking by replacing Nicotine in cigarettes. When you stop smoking, nicotine levels in the body drop suddenly, causing withdrawal symptoms like nervousness, irritability,...
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interactions

Interactions of Nicotine

Interactions with other medicines

  • Medicines for high blood pressure (e.g.,beta-blockers such as Labetalol, Prazosin)
  • Bronchodilators/ decongestants (such as Isoproterenol,  Phenylephrine )
  • If you stop smoking, it can change the way the liver removes certain medicines from your body (e.g. Acetaminophen, Caffeine, Insulin, Oxazepam, Pentazocine,  Propoxyphene, Propranolol, Theophylline)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants such as Amitriptyline/ Imipramine
  • Water pills/ Diuretics such as Furosemide

Interactions with food items

No interactions specified.
dosage

Dosage of Nicotine

Overdose

Symptoms of overdose can be lethal. Burning of the mouth and throat, nausea, vomiting, excess salivation, abdominal pain, diarrhea, sweating, headache, dizziness, hearing and visual disturbances, weak...
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Missed a Dose

Skip the missed dose if it is almost the time for the next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to compensate for the missed dose.

Content Details

WRITTEN BY
doctor

Dr. Arpit Verma

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

REVIEWED BY
doctor

Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

^

Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Nicotine?

A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. The doctor should also know about other health supplements like herbal medications and nutritional supplements that you may take before starting this medication.

Q: What are the precautions should I take while on this medicine?

A: The dosage regimen of medicine should be followed regularly. Any dose miscalculation will have a serious effect.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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