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Nevirapine

Molecule Description

Nevirapine is ‘Non-Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor’ type of antiretroviral medicine used in the treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV 1) infection.

Uses of Nevirapine

It is used to treat HIV infection.

Contraindications of Nevirapine

When should one not use Nevirapine

  • Do not take this medicine if:
  • You are allergic to this medicine
  • You have severe liver disease
  • You had severe skin rash after taking this medicine

Side effects of Nevirapine

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Rash
  • Headache
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Increased liver enzymes
  • Loose motions

Precautions and Warnings of Nevirapine

Pregnancy

Q:
Can I take Nevirapine during pregnancy?
A:
This medicine is taken in pregnancy only if prescribed by a doctor. If taken otherwise, it decreases transmission of HIV infection from mother to the unborn baby.

Breast Feeding

Q:
Can I take Nevirapine while breastfeeding?
A:
HIV infection can pass through breast milk to the baby. Also, this medicine passes in breast milk, therefore avoid breastfeeding when on this medicine. Consult your doctor for advice.

Driving

Q:
Can I drive if I have consumed Nevirapine?
A:
  • Taking this medicine may lead to the cause of decreased alertness or sleepiness. Therefore avoid driving when on this medication.

Alcohol

Q:
Can I consume alcohol with Nevirapine?
A:
Taking alcohol may lead to dizziness or a spinning sensation. Avoid alcohol when on this medication.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have a loss of appetite, nausea or vomiting, jaundice or abdominal pain
  • You have severe allergic reactions like blistering, breathlessness, swelling of the eye or face

Mode of Action of Nevirapine

How Does It Work?

Nevirapine works by controlling the amount of HIV in the blood.

Interactions of Nevirapine

Interactions with other medicines

  • Methadone
  • Birth control pills (oral contraceptives)
  • Rifampicin
  • Rifabutin
  • Macrolides
  • Antifungal medicines
  • Warfarin
  • Other medicines used in the treatment of HIV-infection

Interactions with food items

No specific interactions with food have been reported yet.

Dietary Restrictions of Nevirapine

No information is available on dietary restrictions while you are taking this medicine, consult your doctor or pharmacist for further details.

Dosage of Nevirapine

Overdose

Overdose of Nevirapine produces symptoms like fatigue, fever, swelling, headache, sleeplessness, nausea, rash, dizziness, weight loss. In case of a suspected overdose, seek emergency medical care immediately.
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Missed a Dose

Take the missed dose as early as you remember. Skip the missed dose & do not take extra medicine to compensate for the missed dose.

Content Details

WRITTEN BY

Dr. Nikita Toshi

BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery)

REVIEWED BY

Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

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Q: What should I discuss with my healthcare expert before taking Nevirapine?

A: Give a detailed account of your medical and surgical history. Also, mention to your doctor all the prescription & non-prescription medicines, herbal preparations and nutritional supplements that you may be taking before starting this medication.

Q: Any special precautions?

A: Treatment should be interrupted if there is liver toxicity or development of a skin rash. Also, be careful in cases of kidney and liver insufficiency. Monitor liver functions periodically during Nevirapine therapy.

Q: Can Nevirapine alone be used for treatment?

A: No, Nevirapine should be used with other antiretroviral medicines for treatment.
Last Updated on: 05 Oct 2020 | 10:47 PM (IST)

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Disclaimer
The information provided herein is accurate, updated and complete as per the best practices of the Company. Please note that this information should not be treated as a replacement for physical medical consultation or advice. We do not guarantee the accuracy and the completeness of the information so provided. The absence of any information and/or warning to any drug shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance of the Company. We do not take any responsibility for the consequences arising out of the aforementioned information and strongly recommend you for a physical consultation in case of any queries or doubts. Please click here for detailed T&C.
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