Q: What are the risk factors of UTI?
The length of the urethra in females is shorter than the length of the male urethra. This shortens the distance that bacteria has to travel to reach the bladder and cause infection. Hence, females are more susceptible to UTI...
UTIs are more common in sexually active women
Diaphragms and spermicidal agents can increase the risk of UTI
Circulating estrogen decreases after menopause which may cause changes in the urinary tract, making it more susceptible for UTI
Babies with urinary tract abnormalities are at increased risk of having UTI
People who use a catheter to void urine like paralyzed, hospitalized are at increased risk of developing UTI
Insertion of medical instruments during urinary surgery or urinary tract examination may cause UTI
Q: What causes urinary tract infection?
A: When the urine system defence fails and allow bacteria to enter the urinary tract through the urethra and multiplies in the urinary bladder to grow into a full-blown infection in the urinary tract, it is called urinary tract infection. Women are more susceptible to develop cystitis due to their short urethra. Sexually transmitted diseases like herpes, mycoplasma, chlamydia and gonorrhoea can cause infection of the urethra called urethritis.
Q: How can I prevent urine infection?
By drinking plenty of water and urinating often
By cleaning the area often in the right way. The right way is to wipe from front to back
Wash up the area before sexual activity and urinate after sexual activity
Avoid using scented feminine products. They can irritate the area and cause infection
Use proper birth control measures
Probiotics contain beneficial bacteria called Lactobacilli which keeps the urinary tract healthy and avoids harmful bacteria. Yoghurt, kefir, cheese, sauekraut contain lactobacilli naturally or you can take probiotic supplements that are available in the form of capsule or powder...
Vitamin C is an antioxidant. It helps to improve the immune system and lowers the urinary pH by making it less favourable for harmful bacterias to survive
Caution should be used while using the public washroom, be careful to wipe the seat or use a toilet seat sanitiser before you use it
Q: What are the complications of UTI?
Complications may occur when a UTI is left untreated. Such as -
Recurrent UTIs may occur, especially in women. Four or more UTIs in a year are considered as recurrent UTIs
Urethral narrowing due to stricture may occur in men due to recurrent UTIs
Untreated UTI may cause acute or chronic kidney infection called pyelonephritis which leads to permanent kidney damage
Untreated UTI in pregnant women may lead to low birth weight, baby or premature infants
If the infection travels from the urinary tract to kidneys, it may cause life-threatening complication called Sepsis
Q: What are the symptoms of UTI?
Pain and burning sensation while passing urine
Passing small amounts of urine frequently
A strong and persistent urge to pass urine
Blood in the urine that appears bright pink, red or cola coloured
Lower abdominal pain
Upper back and flank pain
Q: How to prevent kidney stones?
Drink plenty of water and stay hydrated
Include low-fat milk, low-fat cheese and low-fat yoghurt in your diet. These foods are a good source of calcium
Avoid baking soda, condiments, processed foods like chips and crackers, canned soups and vegetables. They contain high sodium and increase the risk of stones
Limit oxalate-rich foods such as spinach, chocolate, sweet potatoes, coffee, beets, peanuts, rhubarb, soy products and wheat bran
Foods like beef, poultry, fish and pork are high in animal protein which increases urine acid
Avoid taking high dose vitamin C supplements
Q: What is the cause of Gout?
A: When the uric acid levels are higher in the blood, they form urate crystals. These urate crystals accumulate in the joints and cause swelling and intense pain. This condition is called Gout.
Q: How to use Alkasol syrup?
A: Alkasol syrup should be taken as per your doctor's instruction. It should be taken after meals to avoid stomach upset. Mix it in a glass of water and have.
Q: Can Alkasol be given to children?
A: Do not give any medicine to children unless advised by the paediatrician.
Q: Can Alkasol be taken during pregnancy?
A: Alkasol syrup is not recommended in pregnancy as the safety and efficacy is not established in pregnant women.
Q: Does Alkasol syrup dissolve kidney stones?
A: Yes, Alkasol syrup is used to treat kidney stones that are made of urate. It acts by making the urine less acidic which help to dissolve the kidney stones.
Q: How many days should I take Alkasol syrup?
A: The dose and duration of your treatment will depend upon the severity of your condition and improvement after taking this medicine. Do not stop your own if you feel better; always follow your doctor's instruction.
Q: How long will Alkasol take to work?
A: It will depend upon the type of infection or disorder you have. Also, it is important to follow the instructions given by your physician to get the optimum response from this medicine.
Q: Is Alkasol a diuretic?
A: No, Alkasol syrup is not a diuretic.
Q: Is Alkasol an ototoxic drug?
A: No, Alkasol syrup is not an ototoxic drug.
Q: Is Alkasol an antibiotic?
A: No, Alkasol syrup is not an antibiotic.
Q: Why should Alkasol not be given on an empty stomach?
A: It should not be given to avoid undesirable effects such as an upset stomach. It should not be given on an empty stomach.
Q: Can Alkasol treat urine infection?
A: Yes, Alkasol can be used as an urine alkalizer. It works by increasing the pH of urine which makes it less acidic, thus helps in relieving symptoms of urine infection.
Q: Can I stop taking Alkasol, if I feel an improvement?
A: No, you should continue taking Alkasol for as long as prescribed. Do not stop taking it without consulting the doctor.
Q: Can I take the Alkasol with antibiotics?
A: You can take the Alkasol syrup with antibiotics only if prescribed by your doctor after assessing the need and possible interactions amongst the medicine. Talk to your doctor before taking any medicine.