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Molecule Description

Oxytocin is used for inducing labour in full-term pregnant women. It can also b

e used to prevent & control bleeding after childbirth. Oxytocin is available in the form of injection.


Uses of Oxytocin

  • Oxytocin is used in pregnant women to induce labour.
  • It can also be used to control bleeding post-delivery.

Contraindications of Oxytocin

When should one not use Oxytocin

  • If you are allergic to oxytocin
  • If you have problems with your heart or blood circulation
  • If you are suffering from a condition called preeclamptic toxaemia (symptoms may include high blood pressure, protein in the urine and swelling)
  • If there is an obstruction to normal delivery or normal delivery is not possible
  • If you have strong uterine contractions
  • If you have been given vaginal prostaglandins

Side effects of Oxytocin

Common side effects of this drug are:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Headache
  • Stomach pain
  • Drowsiness
  • Uneven heartbeats

Precautions and Warnings of Oxytocin



Can I take oxytocin during pregnancy?
Oxytocin is not given till the estimated date of delivery.

Breast Feeding

Can I take oxytocin while breastfeeding?
Oxytocin can pass into breast milk in small amounts but adverse effects in breastfed babies do not occur as the baby’s digestive system make it ineffective.


Can I drive if I have taken oxytocin?
As oxytocin causes uterine contractions, women should avoid driving.


Can I consume alcohol after taking oxytocin?
It is not advisable to consume alcohol with oxytocin. It may cause unwanted effects.

Other General Warnings

Talk to your doctor if
  • You have a history of caesarean section
  • You have chest pain
  • You have pre-existing heart disease, blood circulation problems, high blood pressure or kidney disease
  • Your age is more than 35 years
  • If normal delivery is difficult
  • You had complications during your pregnancy
  • Duration of your pregnancy is more than 40 weeks

Mode of Action of Oxytocin

How Does It Work?

Oxytocin works by stimulating the uterine walls of the women, causing uterine contractions by changing the calcium concentrations in the uterine muscle cells. This induces labour and the child is deli...
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Interactions of Oxytocin

Interactions with other medicines

Some medicines can affect the way oxytocin works or this medicine itself can reduce the effectiveness of other medicines taken at the same time. Tell your doctor about all the medicines, supplements...
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Interactions with food items

It is given only at the time of labour in a hospital setup. Hence, interaction with food is minimal. The doctor should be consulted for any food interactions. Fluid intake should be minimum as retenti...
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Content Details


Dr. Arpit Verma

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)


Dr. Ritu Budania

MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)


Q: How does Oxytocin work?

A: Oxytocin works by stimulating the uterine walls of the women, causing uterine contractions by changing the calcium concentrations in the uterine muscle cells. This induces labour and the child is delivered.

Q: In which all dosage forms is Oxytocin available?

A: Oxytocin is available in the form of injection.
Last Updated on: 10 Feb 2022 | 09:31 AM (IST)
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