Doxycycline is used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections such as respi
ratory, eye, skin, sexually transmitted diseases, etc. It belongs to a group of medicines called ‘tetracycline antibiotics.’
Uses of Doxycycline
- Doxycycline is used to treat a variety of bacterial infections such as infections of the respiratory tract and the lungs (like bronchitis, pneumonia, etc.)
- Urinary tract infections
- Sexually transmitted diseases such as urethral, cervical (lower part of the uterus), anal infections and ulcers in the genital region (chancroid)
- Doxycycline is used as second line treatment for gonorrhea and syphilis
- Pimples and infections of sweat glands (acne vulgaris)
- Eye infections
- Rickettsial infections (fever, chills, severe headache, body pains, loss of appetite, etc.) such as rocky mountain spotted fever, Q fever and tick fevers
- Other infections like malaria, cholera, psittacosis (parrot fever – fever, chills, vomiting, body pains, diarrhea), melioidosis (cough, fever, chest pain, headache) and other similar bacterial infections...
- Prevention of infectious diseases such as scrub typhus (fever, body aches, and rashes), leptospirosis (high fever, chills, body aches, bleeding) and traveler’s diarrhea
Contraindications of Doxycycline
When should one not use Doxycycline
Allergy to Doxycycline or any components of this medicine or other medicines of the class ‘tetracyclines’ – Oxytetracycline, Minocycline, Demeclocycline, etc.
Side effects of Doxycycline
Common side effects of this drug are:
- Extreme skin sensitivity to light causing skin rashes, itching, redness, sunburn (serious, but uncommon)
- Swollen tongue, loose motions, fever, cramps (pseudomembranous colitis); itching near the genital regions or anus; worsening of previously existing allergic reactions; decreased blood cell counts causing easy bleeding, infections, sore throats; ringing in the ears; liver problems (jaundice or yellowing of skin and eyes), irritation of the pancreas...
- Discoloration of teeth, black hairy tongue, discoloration of thyroid gland, mouth and lip sores, stomach pain, loose motions, indigestion, vomiting, ulcers of the oesophagus (food tube), headache, blurred or permanent loss of vision, bulging head in infants; kidney problems, body aches, detachment of nails etc. (uncommon)...
- Severe skin reactions causing rashes, redness, patches on the skin, blisters, ulcers, skin peeling, like burning (Stevens-Johnson syndrome); fever chills, headache, body pains, rashes (Jarisch-Herxheimer reaction), or allergic reactions causing fever, rashes, blood cell abnormalities (DRESS syndrome) – serious, but rare...
- Severe allergic reactions causing swelling of face, throat, lips, swallowing or breathing difficulty with or without rashes, skin blisters, low blood pressure (serious, but rare)
Precautions and Warnings of Doxycycline
Can I take Doxycycline during pregnancy?
Doxycycline is not recommended during pregnancy as it has the potential to harm the unborn baby.
Can I take Doxycycline while breastfeeding?
Doxycycline is secreted in breast milk and can harm the baby. It is not advisable to consume this medicine during breastfeeding.
Can I drive if I have consumed Doxycycline?
Doxycycline may not affect your ability to drive but you are advised not to drive if you experience any side effects such as blurred vision or any other visual disturbances.
Can I consume alcohol with Doxycycline?
Doxycycline interacts with alcohol and increases the intensity of unwanted effects of alcohol. Hence, it is best advised to avoid alcohol while taking this medicine. Do not take alcohol for at least 48 hours before or after stopping this medicine.
Other General Warnings
Talk to your doctor if
- Liver disease
- A genetic disorder of blood resulting in defective hemoglobin, purple patches on the skin and nerve damage (porphyria)
- A type of muscle weakness (myasthenia gravis)
- Sensitivity to light
- A disorder of the immune system causing rashes on the face, fever, joint and body pains, hair loss (systemic lupus erythematosus)
Mode of Action of Doxycycline
How Does It Work?
Doxycycline interferes with the formation of proteins, which are essential for the survival and growth of bacteria. This will prevent the bacterial replication and thus controls the infection.
Interactions of Doxycycline
Interactions with other medicines
- Use the following medicines with caution:
- Warfarin (blood-thinning agent, used to prevent blood clots)
- Penicillin and Rifampicin (antibiotics)
- Antacids or Sucralfate (reduce acidity of stomach)
- Sleeping tablets (Phenobarbital, etc.)
- Carbamazepine, Phenytoin or Primidone (to treat seizures)
- Methoxyflurane (used for anesthesia)
- Cyclosporine (to suppress immune response)
- Ergotamine or methysergide (for migraine)
- Kaolin (for loose motions)
- Methotrexate (to treat cancers, joint pains)
- Quinapril (for high blood pressure)
- Birth control pills
- Retinoids (vitamin A compounds used for skin growth)
- Typhoid vaccines
Interactions with food items
Doxycycline can be taken with or without food. The capsules can be taken with water, milk, or food.
Dietary Restrictions of Doxycycline
Drink plenty of fluids.
Dosage of Doxycycline
Accidental overdose of Doxycycline may not be harmful. Reach out to the doctor in the presence of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea.
Missed a Dose
- If you forget to take a dose, follow the regular dose schedule. Do not take a higher or double dose to make up for the missed dose
- Doxycycline is ordinarily taken once or twice a day. Hence, make sure there is at least a 12-hour gap between 2 dosages
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What else should I know before taking Doxycycline?
- Always take Doxycycline under medical supervision
- If taking capsules with water is irritating your stomach or causing loose motions, take the tablets with food or milk. You should take it in sitting or standing position and make sure not to lie down for at least 30 minutes after taking this medicine...
- This medicine is preferably taken at night, 1-2 hours before going to bed
- Doxycycline should be taken for at least 10 days and do not stop the medicine earlier, even if you feel better. Improper usage may result in reduced efficacy. This medicine should not be used in higher doses than recommended...
- If you are taking any antacids, make sure there is at least 2 hour gap before or after taking the medicine
- Doxycycline should not be used in children in less than 8 years of age
Q: Is Doxycycline an effective antibiotic?
- Doxycycline is a safe, well-tolerated, and a widely used antibiotic, which is in use since a long time for the treatment of a variety of bacterial infections
- Dose adjustment is not required in kidney or liver failure
- It works effectively when taken orally with minimum side effects and interactions with other medicines
- Absorption and tissue penetration rates of Doxycycline are very good compared to other antibiotics
- It reduces the efficacy of birth control pills and alternative methods of contraception such as condoms or loops must be used while taking Doxycycline
- This medicine is available in the form of capsules and injection
Bubonic Plague Reported: Are We In Danger?
Bubonic plague, which became notorious during the 14th Century in Europe and swept through India from the 1890s to 1910s, is caused by bacteria called Yersinia pestis. Contrary to popular belief, this plague isn’t caused by rat bites. The cause of bubonic plague is the bite of infected fleas. These fleas live in the hairs
Cherry Tomatoes: Unveiling the Nutritional Benefits and Culinary Uses
Key Highlights: Introduction Cherry tomatoes are small and full of colour and flavour, they have gained popularity worldwide concerning culinary usage. They are said to be nutritious and provide potential health benefits. In this article, we will be discussing the history behind the use of cherry tomatoes, their potential benefits, the different varieties available, ,
Ashwagandha Benefits for Females: Enhancing Health with Research-Based Insights
Key Highlights: Introduction Ashwagandha goes by many names, including Withania somnifera or “Indian ginseng.” This is an adaptogenic herb with a rich history in Ayurvedic medicine spanning over 3,000 years. Its fame has grown in recent times due to the numerous health benefits it offers, especially for women’s health. In this article, we delve into
Butterfly Pea Flower: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More!
Key Highlights: Introduction The butterfly pea flower is scientifically called Clitoria ternatea. Its blue colour is stunning. It promises potential health benefits. It can colour your mixed drinks. Even cosmetic enthusiasts find a use for it. It is said to contain a lot of antioxidants which are probably responsible for its vibrant colour. Studies also
Fenugreek for Hair Growth: Reviewed and Confirmed by Effective Studies
Key Highlights: Introduction Hair, being one of the essential aspects of an individual’s appearance, plays a significant role in boosting one’s self-esteem and confidence. Maintaining the health of our hair is crucial, but daily exposure to environmental stressors, unhealthy lifestyles, and genetic factors can often lead to various hair problems, including hair loss. There are
Can Ashwagandha Increase Height: An Evidence-Based Review
Key Highlights: Introduction Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is an ancient medicinal herb that has been utilized in Ayurvedic medicine for centuries due to its numerous potential health benefits. One question that often arises is whether Ashwagandha can help increase height. In this article, we will explore the potential role of Ashwagandha in height growth, as well
Zinc Rich Fruits: A Comprehensive Nutritional Guide
Key Highlights: Introduction In this article, we’ll first understand why zinc is so vital. From there, we’ll learn about the best food sources of this key nutrient. Lastly, we will describe the potential benefits of zinc how to avoid deficiency. Importance of Zinc in Our Diet Zinc is said to be key for many
Fruits to Avoid During Cough and Cold: A Comprehensive Guide for Improved Recovery
Key Highlights: Introduction Illnesses like coughs and colds can take a toll on our bodies, and it’s crucial to maintain a proper diet during this time. Eating the right foods not only supports the body’s natural healing process but also helps strengthen our immune system, ensuring a faster and more efficient recovery. In this comprehensive
Flaxseed for Hair Growth: Unveiling Its Research-Based Potential Benefits
Key Highlights: Introduction Flaxseed, a popular natural remedy praised for its nutritional value, has recently gained attention for its potential benefits in promoting hair growth and overall hair health. Rich in omega-3 fatty acids, B vitamins, vitamin E, and protein, this small but mighty seed may be the key to unlocking luscious locks and a
PharmEasy Health Partner
Earn Extra Income – Become PharmEasy Health Partner. Why should you become PharmEasy Health Partner? Here are a few reasons to consider: This is the right thing to do if you have an entrepreneurial mind. Start your business with zero investment. Build your network of customers, place their orders, and start earning for every order
The information provided herein is supplied to the best of our abilities to make it accurate and reliable as it is published after a review by a team of professionals. This information is solely intended to provide a general overview on the product and must be used for informational purposes only. You should not use the information provided herein to diagnose, prevent, or cure a health problem. Nothing contained on this page is intended to create a doctor-patient relationship, replace or be a substitute for a registered medical practitioner's medical treatment/advice or consultation. The absence of any information or warning to any medicine shall not be considered and assumed as an implied assurance. We highly recommend that you consult your registered medical practitioner for all queries or doubts related to your medical condition. You hereby agree that you shall not make any health or medical-related decision based in whole or in part on anything contained in the Site. Please click here for detailed T&C.