Actrapid Hm Penfill 100iu Cartridge Of 3ml Solution For Injection
Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML Description
Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill contains human insulin, which is a short-acting insulin. It is an anti-diabetic medicine belonging to the insulin group of medicine. Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill is used
to lower blood glucose levels in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. You should take Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill at least 15-20 minutes before or within 20 minutes of starting the meal always. Never skip a meal or the dose of insulin. Take small but frequent meals to maintain blood sugar levels. Do not take insulin on the same site for a longer duration. While on Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill, you should keep sugar candy or glucose handy as it has decreased blood sugar levels (hypoglycemia) as a common side effect. However, if you experience these symptoms quite often, contact your doctor; he might change the dose of this medicine.
|You Save||₹46.32 (12% on MRP)|
|Contains||Human Insulin(100.0 Iu/Ml)|
|Side effects||Low blood sugar, dizziness, sweating, feeling hungry|
Uses of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
Contraindications of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- If you are allergic to insulin or any of the ingredients of Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill.
- If you have hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level).
Side effects of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- Low blood sugar (Hypoglycaemia)
- Feeling hungry
- Visual disturbances
- Skin rashes
- Pain, redness and swelling at the injection site
Precautions and Warnings of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- Insulin is known to cause low blood sugar levels and these can lead to impairment in your driving ability.
- Always keep sugar or a bar of chocolate in your car with you while driving.
- In case you experience any of the symptoms of low blood glucose levels like dizziness, drowsiness, visual disturbances and sweating, stop driving immediately and have sugar/ juice.
- You should not consume alcohol when you are taking Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill as it interferes with the way insulin works.
- Consumption of alcohol may lead to an increased risk of both low blood glucose level and high blood glucose level. Thus, avoid excessive use of alcohol while taking insulin.
Other General Warnings
- You have recurrent low blood sugar levels.
- You have frequent fever and infections.
- You have diseases related to the liver and kidney.
- You have thyroid disorders.
- You are switching to a different insulin medicine brand.
- You have pain, itching and swelling at the injection site, you should continuously change the site of the injection.
- You are planning to change your diet preferences.
- You should always carry a sugar candy with you.
- You are taking insulin but not taking adequate meals, your blood glucose can drop drastically.
- Avoid doing heavy exercise.
- Be very careful about symptoms of low blood sugar like sweating, anxiety, fast heartbeat, headache, intense hunger, restlessness, dizziness and irritability. If you experience these, immediately have sugar (Do not consume artificial sweeteners). Eat something as soon as possible. Do not take insulin in such a scenario. If still the symptoms persist, seek emergency medical help....
Mode of Action of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
How Does It Work?
- Insulin is crucial to allow the entry of blood glucose into each cell of the body. Inside the cell, this glucose is used as fuel. In type 1 diabetes mellitus, the body fails to produce adequate insulin. This leads to glucose accumulating in the blood and causes high blood glucose. ...
- Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill lowers blood sugars by stimulating glucose uptake by cells, tissue and muscles, especially by skeletal muscles and fat and by inhibiting glucose production by the liver.
Directions for Use of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- Take Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill as per the technique suggested by your doctor or nurse.
- This injection is to be taken under the skin of the thigh, upper arm or abdomen.
- Do not take this injection in the vein or muscles.
- Pull a skin, fold up to take this injection.
- Wait for at least 6 seconds before removing the needle from the injection site.
- Always rotate the site of injection, do not take concurrent injections at the same site.
Interactions of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
Interactions with other medicines
- You may have symptoms of low blood sugar if you are taking other medicines for diabetes, medicines for fever and pain (salicylates), ramipril, lisinopril.
- You may have high blood sugar if you are taking oral contraceptives, thiazide, steroids, thyroxine, medicines used to treat severe diarrhoea and abnormal growth of body organs like octreotide, lanreotide. ...
- If you are taking the medicine pioglitazone to treat diabetes, be cautious, as some cases of heart attack and heart failure have been reported.
- Some medicines block your body's response to low blood sugar, so you may not experience symptoms like headache, hunger pangs, sweating, anxiety when your blood sugar drops. This can lead to a serious fall in blood sugar. Inform your doctor if you are on medicines like Beta-blockers (Metoprolol, Propranolol, Atenolol), Clonidine, Guanethidine and Reserpine....
- Tell your doctor about all the medicines, supplements or herbals you are currently taking or might take to avoid any possible interaction.
Interactions with food items
- Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill is to be taken 15 minutes before meals or within 20 minutes of starting the meal.
- Maintaining a constant meal pattern is advisable when you are taking insulin.
- Avoid skipping or delaying meals when you are taking insulin.
Storage and disposal of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- Store between 2°C to 8°C in the refrigerator.
- Do not freeze it.
- Keep it out of the reach of children.
- Do not open the carton of vials to protect it from light.
- Any unused portion should not be stored and should be appropriately discarded.
Dosage of Actrapid Hm 100 IU/ML
- Excess of Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill can cause low blood sugar levels, called hypoglycemia characterized by dizziness, fainting, sweating and tremors may be experienced.
- If you have the blood glucometer with you, test immediately and confirm.
- Whether or not you test your levels, it is important to take some glucose water/juice/eat sugar or chocolates immediately and then rush to your doctor.
Missed a Dose
- A missed dose may lead to high blood sugar levels which can cause symptoms like feeling thirsty, excessive urination, loss of appetite, drowsiness, the fruity smell from breath, etc.
- If you missed any dose of medicine take it as soon as you remember.
- If it's time for your next dose then skip the missed dose and continue with your regular dose schedule.
- Do not take a double dose of medicine to compensate for the missed one as taking a double dose can cause a drastic fall in blood glucose which can be dangerous.
Dr. Mansi Savla
B. Pharm, PharmD
Dr. Ritu Budania
MBBS, MD (Pharmacology)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Q: What food items I should avoid, as I'm a diabetic?
- Avoid maida, white bread, noodles, corn flakes, poori, biryani, naan, fried rice, etc.
- Avoid custard apple, mango, jack fruit, fruit salads with ice cream and fruit-based desserts.
- Avoid cheese, milkshakes and ice creams.
- Try to avoid pork, beef, soft drinks, sugarcane juice, sweetened health drinks and beverages.
Q: Can I stop taking Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill if I am feeling uncomfortable after taking this medicine?
Q: Why should I always change the site for taking Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill?
Q: What other lifestyle modifications I need to consider to manage diabetes?
- Diet should include chapatis, multigrain bread, puffed rice with vegetables, sprouts, roasted grams, plain cooked daal, soups, steamed vegetables, cooked vegetables with less oil, Jamun, orange, guava, apple, watermelon, papaya, cow’s milk, curd, thin buttermilk, fish (grilled, baked or steamed), peanuts, cashew nuts and walnuts (handful)...
- Limit sugar intake
- A brisk walk daily for 30 minutes
- Exercise regularly
- Monitor your blood glucose regularly
- Take your anti-diabetic medication on time
Q: I develop low blood sugar levels often, what could be the possible reasons?
- Risk factors for developing low blood glucose levels include taking too much insulin, not taking adequate meals or missing meals, too much alcohol consumption, fever and too much exercise.
- Some medicines, when used with insulin can result in such episodes as other diabetes medicine glimepiride, medicines used for fever and pain (salicylates), ramipril, etc.
- Report to your doctor about these episodes. You may need a dose of adjustment.
Q: Where is the best place to inject Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill?
Q: What are the side effects of Actrapid HM 100IU/ml Penfill?
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