Patients with type 2 diabetes rely on a diabetic diet which are oral hypoglycemic drugs to maintain blood sugar levels. However, it is hazardous to rely on either drugs or surgery for long-term benefits. There has always been a debate going on between physicians and nutritionists on the role of diet in the management of diabetes in the long term. Evidence suggests that certain foods can help to curb sugar spikes and improve insulin resistance that may eventually lead to less dependence on medications. Apart from carbohydrate control, here are some foods diabetics can consume that can be potentially beneficial in maintaining glycemic control.
Apples are a good source of soluble fibre that slows down the surge of sugar after a meal. In addition to this, they also help in controlling cholesterol levels. Studies also reveal that eating apples regularly can help in preventing metabolic diseases. It is believed that quercetin, a compound found in apples, aids in improving glucose metabolism of the liver and skeletal muscles. They are also known to contain polyphenols that help to fight against various chronic diseases.
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- Green Tea
Tea’s are beneficial when it comes to diabetes, but green tea emerges as a clear winner. Green tea contains the highest content of polyphenols in all the tea’s. Polyphenols help in metabolizing blood glucose levels and improve metabolic functions of the body. Green tea is also known to contain a high amount of antioxidants that can help to fight cancer, cholesterol and blood pressure.
Read More: 4 Health Benefits of Green Tea
Research has shown that nuts are highly beneficial for type 2 diabetes. Consuming nuts along with a controlled diet can help in improving blood glucose and cholesterols levels in patients with type 2 diabetes. Almonds are known to lower blood sugar and insulin levels after a meal. Cashew nuts help in reducing triglycerides, cholesterol levels and improve HDL: total cholesterol ratio. Studies have shown that pistachios contain the hormone glucagon-like peptide1, which reduces glucose levels and eating a handful of pistachios can help prediabetics in reducing or avoiding the risk of diabetes.
- Fibre-rich foods – Carrots & Beans
A diet high in fibre has been discovered as the key element in the management of type 2 diabetes. Consuming dietary fibre daily alters blood sugar levels and stimulates a feeling of satiety. A high-fibre diet is also known to help in weight loss, which is an important component of diabetes management. Soluble fibre found in cucumbers, beans and nuts helps in slowing down digestive processes and glucose absorption. Insoluble fibres like vegetables, beans and carrots help in adding bulk to the stools and aids in the healthy elimination of waste products through the digestive tract.
Also Read: 4 Best Foods for Diabetics
Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.