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All You Should Know About Hypertensive Heart Disease!

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the most common lifestyle diseases. Under this condition, the pressure that the heart exerts to pump blood increases which can lead to other complications. One of the primary reasons for high blood pressure is the narrowing of the arteries. Narrow arteries mean less space for the blood to move freely. High blood pressure over an extended period can mean more health issues.SymptomsHypertension doesn’t develop overnight. It takes years to manifest. In the beginning, one doesn’t notice any signs but that doesn’t mean that this is a period of no damage. The brain, kidneys, eyes, and heart are especially susceptible. Here are some of the symptoms of hypertension.

  • Headaches
  • Shortness of breath
  • Dizziness
  • Flushing
  • Nose Bleeds
  • Blood in urine
  • Changes in vision
  • Pain in the chest
  • Fainting spells
Checking the blood pressure is a routine in most doctors. If your doctor doesn’t take your blood pressure every time, you could request a reading. Most of the above symptoms can be attributed to some other medical conditions. This is why regular blood pressure checkups are important to save oneself from other health issues.Types of HypertensionHypertension is of two kinds.
  • Primary
In Primary hypertension, the disease develops over an extended period taking years, sometimes even decades to show any proper symptoms.
  • Secondary
Secondary hypertension develops at a far quicker pace and is because of health issues like the onset of certain diseases like kidney disease, endocrine tumours, thyroid issues, etc.Causes of HypertensionMany factors could contribute to someone suffering from high blood pressure. These factors are as follows:
  • Genetic
Some families just have hypertension as part of their gene pool. If someone- a grandparent, parent or sibling suffer from hypertension, one needs to be doubly attentive to their blood pressure readings. Those who have a high blood pressure patient in the family are incredibly vulnerable to get this medical condition.
  • Lifestyle Choices
Our day to day life has an irreversible bearing on our susceptibility towards high blood pressure. Eating a calorie and processed food rich diet, not exercising regularly and having excess weight are all contributors to hypertensive disease.
  • Physical Changes
Some other organ malfunctioning could elevate your blood pressure. Ensure that you get an annual medical checkup done every year because that keeps a tab on your blood pressure and the health of other organs.Also Read: Vitamin E for Hair: A Detailed Guide on its Benefits and UsageTreatment of High Blood PressureIf your blood pressure readings are not in the danger zone, the doctor will suggest lifestyle changes to control your blood pressure. If those two do not help in reducing the readings, you might be put on medications.If your high blood pressure is because of some other disease, the doctor will treat that issue first to bring down your blood pressure.PreventionThere is a lot one can do to avoid developing this issue in the first place. In case, you are already suffering from hypertension; the following suggestions will work towards reducing the blood pressure.
  • Healthy Diet
A diet rich in fruits and vegetables, lean protein and whole grains is good for the heart. Processed food and junk food should be avoided they have a negative impact on your health.
  • Regular Exercise
Exercising for half an hour even two to three times a week shows tremendous benefits towards avoiding or reducing high blood pressure.
  • De-Stress
Stress is the worst thing for your heart. Meditation, yoga, deep breathing are all good activities to indulge in towards reducing high blood pressure.Also Read: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Causes & Diagnosis
Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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