An allergy is a reaction/response by the immune system when it gets exposed to certain foreign substances known as allergens. Allergens can be literally found anywhere! In some individuals, the body over responds and tries to fight them.
Broadly, the allergies can be distinguished into below types:
- Indoor allergies
- Outdoor allergies
- Food allergies
- Skin allergies
The indoor and outdoor allergies can be further segregated into different allergy types that individuals suffer from. Typically, eyes, nose, lungs, skin and gastrointestinal tract of the body are prone to allergic symptoms. Although the various allergic diseases may appear different, they all result from an exaggerated immune response to foreign substances in sensitive individuals.
1. Indoor Allergies
- Pet allergy
What is it: Allergic reaction triggered from a protein found in a pet’s fur, skin flakes, saliva or urine.
Management: There’s no need to get rid of your furry friends. With proper diagnosis by a doctor, pet allergy can be managed easily.
- Paint allergy
What is it: All paints give out fumes and chemicals which can act as allergens for some individuals in case of inhalation of fumes or direct contact with skin.
Management: Wearing a mask, gloves can help prevent it. Rinsing it off from the skin can help soothe it as well as keeping the area well ventilated is advisable.
- Dust allergy
What is it: It’s not the dust, but the tiny organisms living in it called dust mites that can trigger an allergic reaction. Apart from dust mites themselves, bed mites, pollen, cockroaches can also trigger a dust allergy!
Management: Vacuuming frequently to keep the surroundings clean can help manage dust allergy in a better way.
- Indoor Mold allergy
What is it: A person gets mold allergy when they inhale mold spores causing various symptoms such as itchy eyes, coughing etc. Favourable to grow in damp areas, it’s pretty common for mold to exist in one’s bathroom or kitchen.
Management: It is challenging but not impossible. Personal hygiene and cleanliness can help manage mold allergy.
2. Outdoor allergies
- Allergy led by Pollution
What is it: Rapidly increasing air pollution is one of the major causes of allergy. Among the various sources of pollution are emissions from factories and industries, automobiles, crop burning and tobacco.
Management: Unfortunately, it’s tough to control pollution but can be managed/prevented by wearing a mask or staying indoors. Individuals need to contribute to a reduction in air pollution by simple methods like planting trees, walking instead of using vehicles whenever possible, etc.
- Pollen Allergy
What is it: Tiny pollen released from the plants, weeds and grass during pollination lead to pollen allergy.
Management: The ratio of pollen increases in certain seasons, so one can avoid going to places where they can inhale them or wear a mask while going outdoors.
- Outdoor Mold Allergy
What is it: Inhalation of mold spores that dwell in cold and damp places like gardens or backyards can be one of the many reasons for mold allergy.
Management: Stay indoors on days when mold content is high and keep away from uncut fields and raking leaves.
Most of the allergies mentioned above manifest as nasal allergies or allergic rhinitis. There are also skin and food allergies that may show presence in different ways.
3. Food allergies
What is it: Often a general/harmless food item is mistaken as something foreign/toxic by our immune system, which leads to an allergic reaction.
Causes: The most common triggers of food allergies are peanuts, walnuts, pecans, soy, milk.
Management: Determining the allergen is important and can be managed easily if you avoid consuming it.
4. Skin allergies
What is it: A lot of materials can cause an allergic reaction when they come in contact with your skin.
Causes: Common causes of skin allergy are metals, gold, silver, insects, tobacco and even latex among many others.
Management: Topical ointments and moisturizers can be applied on the affected area to help manage the reaction. It is important to consult your doctor to get the right treatment for your skin allergies.
You must be cautious as allergies may have acute effects many times, it can be lethal for an individual. If you are suspicious about having an allergy, it’s best to reach out to a doctor/physician for accurate allergy diagnosis.
For more information on how you can identify and manage allergies, visit http://bit.ly/allergy_free