Our skin is one of the most sensitive parts of our body and most exposed as well. It’s easy for different kinds of allergens to come in contact and cause an unforeseen reaction occasionally.
While there may be multiple symptoms for skin allergy- irritated skin is the most common one. To delve into what is skin allergy or what causes it, it will help if we look at the different types of skin allergies to understand it better. We are often unable to differentiate between types of allergies but knowing them helps us discuss with our doctors better.
Atopic dermatitis, commonly known as eczema, affects children more than adults. A common skin allergy symptom of eczema is dry, red, irritated and itchy skin, and during infection, your skin may have small, fluid-filled bumps that ooze a clear or yellowish liquid. Usually, in the cases of eczema, it’s a hereditary problem.
Hives, known as urticaria, are red bumps or welts that appear on the body. Differentiated into two types, acute urticaria and chronic urticaria, the former one only lasts for no more than six weeks, whereas the latter stays a little longer than six weeks. Although chronic urticaria’s cause is yet unknown, acute urticaria is predominantly caused by exposure to an allergen or by an infection.
- Contact dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is a reaction that appears when the skin comes in contact with a foreign material that acts as an irritant or an allergen. Symptoms present themselves as rashes, blisters, itching or burning. Detergents, soaps and excessive exposure to water can cause contact dermatitis. Metals can also be one of the skin allergy causes, stainless steel and other alloys used in jewellery, adhesives, nail polish, topical medications, plants and latex gloves can act as allergens.
At times, an allergen only causes a skin reaction when it is exposed to sunlight called photoallergic contact dermatitis. It can occur due to cosmetic products such as shaving lotion, sunscreen and perfumes.
Skin allergy management
As allergies cannot be cured, prevention is the best way for skin allergy treatment. Determining or identifying the cause of your rash is important, so you can avoid it. Gloves always protect against skin allergy on the face, but if you are already infected, try to ease the symptoms and prevent further infection. Fight off the urge to scratch it as it will only worsen the problem. Here’s a list of some skin allergy medication and home remedies that can help relieve the itching and stop the swelling:
- Hydrocortisone cream
- Cold compresses
Most skin allergies aren’t life-threatening, but a condition called anaphylaxis can make it difficult to breathe resulting in fatal consequences. While this is usually rare in skin allergies, it’s best to talk to your doctor for a better allergy diagnosis and work out a management plan.
For more information on how you can identify and manage your skin allergies, visit – https://bit.ly/3pMnxFf
Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a health care professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.