A close cousin in looks and appearance to the quintessential ginger. Turmeric roots are used fresh or boiled in water and dried, after which they are ground into a powder. Turmeric powder is sunset-yellow in colour. It has a slightly pungent, bitter flavour and earthy aroma.
Turmeric contains curcuminoids like curcumin which imparts it a vibrant yellow colour, dimethoxy curcumin, and bisdemethoxycurcumin and volatile oils like turmerone, atlantone, zingiberone and sugars, proteins, resins
Turmeric has been used by Ayurvedic healers as medicine since olden days. Popularly known as haldi, this powerful spice is also a go-to option while dealing with numerous health ailments. Whether consumed or applied, its benefits are plentiful.
Some Health Benefits of Turmeric Are:
Research has shown curcumin to be highly effective in reducing inflammation. The anti-inflammatory effect of curcumin is most likely mediated through its ability to inhibit cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), lipoxygenase (LOX), and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS).
Curcumin is also a powerful anti-oxidant and thus protects our body from free radicals,reducing risk of heart disease and cancer.
Turmeric also boosts the immunity levels. Its anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal properties protect us from a variety of infections. Many doctors highly recommend taking a teaspoon full of Turmeric in a glass of warm milk every day to keep common cold and flu at bay.
Reduces the Risk of Heart Diseases:
Antioxidant property of curcumin found in turmeric may prevent heart diseases and diabetic cardiovascular complications. Curcumin also reduces serum cholesterol levels and protects against the pathological changes occurring with atherosclerosis.
Reduces Risk of Cancer:
Curcumin interferes with the growth and development of cancer cells and prevents their spread at the minutest molecular level. Thus,it effectively reduces risk of new cancerous growth.
Helps in Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease:
Alzheimer’s disease is caused due to build-up of protein tangles called amyloid plaques. Curcumin in turmeric helps in clearing these plaques.
Helps Patients with Depression:
Curcumin boosts BDNF( brain-derived neurotrophic factor) levels in the brain, thus helping patients with depression.
Curcumin also boosts the brain neurotransmitters serotonin and dopamine.
Read More: 15 Ways to Treat Depression Naturally
Anti-oxidant properties of curcumin in turmeric prevents damage of cells and thus slows down aging. It effectively prevents formation of fine lines and wrinkles.
Curcumin also stimulates new cell growth.
Improves Bone Health:
Supplements of Curcumin when given to patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis, shows significant improvements in pain and joint functioning.
Curcumin also safeguards bone tissue and prevents bone loss.
Read More: 10 Foods to Strong & Healthy Bones
Curcumin in turmeric reduces bloating and brings the digestive system on track. It stimulates the gallbladder to produce bile. It also helps in preventing and treating pancreatitis.
Treatment of Glaucoma and Cataract:
The anti-oxidant property of Turmeric helps in treating glaucoma and cataract. Regular consumption of Turmeric,halts the progression of glaucoma and also prevents vision loss too. 
Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and antioxidant properties that can help to:
- Heal wounds
- Prevent acne and breakouts
- Fight eczema and psoriasis
- Reduce scars
- Lighten dark circles
- Give a natural glow
Read More: 7 Home Remedies for Glowing Skin
Side Effects of Consuming Turmeric:
- Higher dosage of curcumin lead to acid reflux,diarrhoea, dizziness and headaches
- Turmeric might slow blood clotting. This might increase the risk of bruising and bleeding in people with bleeding disorders
- Turmeric might make stomach problems such as GERD worse
- Turmeric can make blood sugar too low in patients with diabetes
Ideal Dose of Turmeric:
It is not advisable to consume more than 5 tsp of turmeric per day.
How to consume turmeric?
- Turmeric can be used in cooking a variety of dishes for colour and taste
- To achieve maximum health benefits, consume turmeric with black pepper, as a compound named piperine in black pepper increases the absorption of turmeric in the body
- Turmeric in milk also known as ‘Golden Milk ‘ or ‘Haldi Doodh’ has immense positive effects on the body
Read More: 10 Health Benefits of Garlic