Are you exposed to polluted air? Then you must read on! Air pollution is one of the major and rapidly increasing environmental health problems worldwide these days. Prolonged exposure to poor quality of air can affect your health adversely.
Air pollution reduces oxygen supply, harms our organs and causes many respiratory disorders.
In fact, rising air pollution levels have led to an increase in allergic rhinitis – a condition that can reduce the quality of your life.
Overexposure to bio-allergens and diesel exhaust particles aggravates allergic rhinitis and other associated conditions such as chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, ear infections and asthma.
What is allergic rhinitis?
Inflammation of the nasal passage when exposed to allergens.
What are its symptoms?
Symptoms of allergic rhinitis include frequent or continuous sneezing, runny rose, itchy and watery eyes, nasal congestion. Unlike the common cold, it is not a viral but allergic reaction of the immune system.
Cause of allergic rhinitis
- Outdoor pollutants – Car fumes and chemical discharge from factories.
- Indoor pollutants – Dust, tobacco smoke, candles and pet dander.
- Seasonal pollen.
- Most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, molds, animal dander, insect stings, latex, certain food and medicines.
Impact of pollution
- Increases the severity of allergy symptoms.
- If untreated, allergy can progress into serious respiratory disorders.
- Avoid known allergens.
- Plant non-allergenic trees.
- Avoid polluted areas whenever possible.
- Wear masks to cover the nose and face while going out.
- Keep indoor spaces clean.
- Skin prick allergy tests are a reliable way of knowing allergy triggers.
- Medications such as antihistamines and topical or intranasal corticosteroids.
- Long term treatment includes immunotherapy.
If you think you have symptoms of this condition, reach out to your doctor or an allergy expert at the earliest for treatment.