"MedicalWebPage", "FAQPage"

Get insightful and

helpful tips to treat

your symptoms for FREE

Want an ad free reading experience?

Download PharmEasy App

Banner Image

Register to Avail the Offer

Send OTP

By continuing, you agree with our Privacy Policy and Terms and Conditions

Success Banner Image

Comments

Subscribe
Notify of
guest
0 Comments
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

Leave your comment here

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Advertisement
Advertisement

Turnip: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects By Dr. Rajeev Singh

By Dr Rajeev Singh +2 more

Introduction: 

The scientific name of turnip is Brassica rapa, belongs to the family Brassicaceae. It is an herbaceous plant grown across the world. Turnip vegetable is indigenous to Europe, America, Russia and Asia. Turnip is believed to have been cultivated around 4000 years back and its domestication has various ancient origins. It played an important role during slavery in America and Africa. Turnip is thought to be native to the Mediterranean region. Turnip is an economically important crop worldwide and is vividly cultivated for its tender growing tops, forage, fleshy roots and oilseeds. It is usually grown in a temperate climate in the early spring or winter. Turnips can be found in a mixture of purple, white and yellow and are bulbous in shape. It contains several organic acids, has a strong aroma, and is a crop with nutritional and medicinal value.1 Let us look at some of the health benefits of turnip. 

Nutritional Value of Turnip: 

Turnip contains several organic compounds like glycosinolates, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, indoles, sulfur compounds, phenolics, carbohydrates, and volatiles.1 It has the following nutritional components: 

turnip benefits

Nutritional Component Amount 
 Energy 16 kcal 
Water  95.7 g 
 Fat 0.16 g 
Protein 1.04 g 
Fibre 1.8 g 
Carbohydrate 2.94 g 
Iron 0.7 mg 
Calcium 23 mg 
Phosphorus 20 mg 
Magnesium 10 mg 
Sodium 25 mg 
Potassium 137 mg 
Vitamin C 4.4 mg 

Table 1: Nutritional contents of turnips 2 

Based on my observations, including turnip in your diet has several benefits. Many studies show that it contains antitumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antihypertensive, antidiabetic, and hepatoprotective properties. Due to these properties, turnips might be useful in managing many diseases such as cancer, diabetes, inflammatory diseases, etc.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, MD

Properties of Turnip: 

Studies have shown that turnip may possess the following properties: 

  • It may be an antioxidant 
  • It may possess properties to lower sugar level 
  • It may protect against cancer 
  • It may fight against bacteria and fungi 
  • It may protect the kidney and liver 
  • It may relieve pain 
  • It may reduce swelling 1 

Also Read: Lettuce: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects By Dr. Rajeev Singh

Potential Uses of Turnip for Overall Health: 

Some of the potential health benefits of turnip are given below. 

1. Potential uses of turnip to protect the liver 

Consumption of herbs and vegetables in case of liver diseases has drawn great attention. Turnip contains several organic compounds like glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, phenols, indoles, volatiles and sulfur compounds that may possess antioxidant activity. The compounds present in turnip may reduce the risk of liver damage and might help maintain its structure and function. However, more studies are needed to check the action of turnip to protect the liver.1 

2. Potential uses of turnip to protect the kidney 

Turnip may help to protect against kidney damage. It contains compounds like flavonoids, which may possess antioxidant activity and reduce oxidative stress in kidneys, thereby protecting it. However, more studies are needed to check the activity of turnips to protect the kidney. You must seek proper treatment if you have been diagnosed with kidney disorders.1 

3. Potential uses of turnip for diabetes 

Turnip may be used in case of diabetes. Turnip contains several constituents like quercetin, indole, alkaloids, etc. These constituents may be responsible for the anti-diabetic activity of turnip. A study on mice showed that turnip might show its anti-diabetic activity against type-2 diabetes. However, these studies were conducted on animals; therefore, more studies are required on humans to check the anti-diabetic effect. You must check your sugar levels regularly and seek medical advice in case of high sugar levels.1 

4. Potential uses of turnip for cancer 

Turnip may reduce the risk of cancer. It contains several compounds that may inhibit DNA damage and reduce the risk of tumours and cancers in the body. It may allow the body to detoxify the harmful chemicals better. Further studies are required on the human body to confirm the anti-cancer activity of turnips. Cancer is a serious disease; therefore, you must consult your doctor if you have been diagnosed.1 

5. Potential use of turnip against bacterial and fungal infections 

The use of natural products as antimicrobial agents has increased because of increased resistance and side effects of drugs. Turnip may be used in fungal and bacterial infections due to its presence on constituents like quercetin, glucosinolates, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, phenols, indoles, volatiles, sulfur compounds, and other biological compounds. However, more research is required to confirm the antimicrobial activity of turnips.1 

6. Potential use of turnip to relieve pain and swelling 

Turnip may be used to alleviate pain. Turnip consists of several natural analgesics like flavonoids (substances that reduce pain). A study on mice showed that turnips might possess analgesic properties. Swelling in the body may be caused due to various reasons like external stimuli, irritants, foreign organisms, etc. Flavonoids present in turnip may help reduce swelling too. However, further studies are needed on humans to check these effects. You must consult your doctor for a proper diagnosis and treatment related to any kind of pain.1 

7. Potential use of turnip to lower cholesterol levels 

Turnip may reduce bad cholesterol levels due to its antioxidant activity. The natural antioxidants like quercetin, tocopherols, ascorbic acid and beta-carotene present in turnip may help breakdown the LDL (low-density lipoproteins). This may lead to lower LDL levels in the body. More research is required to confirm the activity of turnips in lowering cholesterol levels. You must check your cholesterol levels and consult your doctor in case of abnormal cholesterol levels.1 

Though studies show the benefits of turnips in various conditions, these are insufficient, and there is a need for further studies to establish the true extent of the benefits of turnips on human health. 

Also Read: Pumpkin: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects By Dr. Rajeev Singh

Turnip is readily available and has multiple health benefits. Among all other bioactive compounds, the presence of phenolic compounds and the antioxidant abilities of turnip might be useful for reducing hepatic damage being caused by diabetes.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

How to Use Turnips? 

Turnips can be included in the diet in the following way: 

  • Turnips can be baked or boiled in stews and soups 
  • Turnips can be included in sandwiches 
  • It can be used to garnish various dishes 
  • It can be eaten raw with a dip 

You must consult a qualified doctor before taking any herbal supplements. Do not discontinue or replace an ongoing treatment of modern medicine with an ayurvedic/herbal preparation without consulting a qualified doctor. 

Side Effects of Turnips: 

Turnip, a natural product, has no specific side effects. However, if any reaction is noticed on using it, seek immediate medical attention. Consult your ayurvedic physician who has prescribed it to you; they will be able to identify the cause and treat it effectively. 

Also Read: White Onion: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects By Dr. Smita Barode

Precautions to Take with Turnips: 

General precautions should be taken while having turnips, as in any other general medicine. Pregnant women and lactating mothers should take special care. You must consult your doctor before having turnips. Precaution should be taken before giving turnips to the elderly or children. In such cases, you must have turnips only if your doctor prescribes them. 

Also Read: Jicama: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More! 

Interactions with Other Drugs: 

There is not enough evidence on the interaction of turnips with other drugs. Further studies on the interaction of turnips are required. Therefore, you must consult your doctor if you are on any other medication before consuming turnips. 

Frequently Asked Questions: 

1) What are the benefits of turnip for our body? 

Turnips may be used in case of diabetes, cancer or antimicrobial infections. It may help relieve pain and reduce swelling. It may be used to protect the liver and kidneys. Additionally, it may also lower bad cholesterol levels. However, further studies are required to check the effect of turnip on the given diseases. You must consult a doctor if you suspect any disease instead of self-medicating.1 

2) What are the benefits of turnip in diabetes? 

Turnip may be used to manage diabetes. Turnip contains several constituents like quercetin, indole, alkaloids, etc. These constituents may be responsible for the anti-diabetic activity of turnip by lowering high blood sugar levels However, you must check your sugar levels regularly and seek medical advice in case of high sugar levels.1 

3) What are the nutritional benefits of turnip? 

Turnip contains several organic compounds like glycosinolates, isothiocyanates, flavonoids, indoles, sulfur compounds, phenolics, carbohydrates, and volatiles. It also contains carbohydrates, fibres and minerals like calcium, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium and many more. Vitamin C is also present in turnips. These compounds possess several properties like antioxidant, anticancer, antibacterial and antifungal properties which may benefit the human health.1,2 

4) Is turnip used to treat jaundice? 

No, there are no studies that suggest the use of turnips for jaundice. 

5) What are the side effects of turnip? 

Turnip, a natural product, has no specific side effects. However, if any reaction is noticed on using it, seek immediate medical attention. Consult your ayurvedic physician who has prescribed it to you; they will be able to identify the cause and treat it effectively. 

References: 

1. Sheikh MA, Anjum N, Gull A, Saini CS. Turnip. In Antioxidants in Vegetables and Nuts-Properties and Health Benefits 2020 (pp. 143-158). Springer, Singapore. Available from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-981-15-7470-2_7 

2. Food Data Central turnips, frozen, unprepared [Internet]. U.S. Department of Agriculture. [cited 2022 Sep 7]. Available from: [Internet]. U.S. Department of Agriculture. [cited 2022 Sep 8]. Available from: https://fdc.nal.usda.gov/fdc-app.html#/food-details/170059/nutrients 

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

10

Comments

Leave your comment...



You may also like