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Liposuction: Benefits and Risks

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Liposuction (especially tummy tuck) is the most popular form of plastic surgery undergone by people worldwide to lose weight. Liposuction is a surgical procedure that removes fat from the body using suction. During liposuction, small, thin, blunt-tipped tubes are inserted through micro-cuts in the skin. Fat in the body is then suctioned out through these tubes from the target areas of the deposits. Usually, people turn up to liposuction when exercise cannot help reduce body fat, in other terms, it is a quick fix for losing weight. Removes fat from areas of the body that haven’t responded to diet and exercise, such as Abdomen, Arms, Buttocks, Calves and ankles, Chest and Back, Hips and thighs and Neck, tummy tucks were the most popular.

Types of Liposuction

Tumescent liposuction:  A  local anaesthetic  is used to numb the area of your body where the tube will be inserted. This type of liposuction does not require  general anaesthesia.Ultrasound-assisted liposuction:  The use of  ultrasound to liquefy the fat, which makes it easier to remove. It helps in removing fat from the upper abdomen, sides and back.Laser-assisted liposuction:  Uses low-energy waves to liquefy the fat, which is removed through a small cannula.


  • Removes fat safely
  • May reduce cellulite or improve the appearance of cellulite
  • May boost health due to fat loss
  • May boost self-esteem
  • Promotes sculpting in the areas of the body that even exercise and diet don’t seem to impact


Like any surgical procedure, liposuction also possess the risk of the patient bleeding or reacting to anaesthesia. There can be a possibility of surgical complications as well.
  • Irregularities in the skin- Bumpy, wavy or uneven skin as chances are that the surgical procedure removes fat unevenly. This damage could be permanent.
  • Infection- At certain times, if the procedure is not conducted in a sterile environment, it could lead to severe infection which can even be life-threatening.
  • Fat embolism- This is a medical emergency where pieces of fat may get trapped in the blood vessel and gather in the lungs. This then travels to the brain.
  • Internal puncture- Sometimes a cannula that penetrates too deeply may puncture an internal organ. This will require a surgical procedure to fix it later.
  • Fluid accumulation- Although not a scary risk, temporary pockets of fluid (seromas) can form under the skin. This will have to be drained with a needle.
  • Kidney and heart problems- The shift in fluid levels due to the injection of fluids and suctioning out may cause potentially life-threatening situations that directly affect the kidney and heart.
Read More: How To Stay Fit & Healthy?Disclaimer:  The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

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