When one is pregnant, the way the body uses insulin changes. Insulin is needed to break down blood glucose into energy. Gestational diabetes happens only during pregnancy. It is possible to develop gestational diabetes in the first pregnancy or to find out about it because one already has diabetes which hasn’t been detected before.
The body becomes slightly resistant to insulin to provide the fetus with more glucose. In some cases, the body becomes unresponsive to it or produces it in negligible quantities. When this happens, it is known as Gestational Diabetes.
Since one is pregnant but also suffering from this issue, healthy diet takes on a whole new meaning. Take a look at the foods you must avoid during gestational diabetes.
- Junk food
Women who are pregnant must take care to avoid junk food in all its forms. So turn away from the burgers, pizzas and the kinds of pasta. They offer no nutritional value and add to the calories. Since most of them are heavy on chemicals and artificial elements, they are harmful to the baby’s health. Stock up on healthy food options like yogurt, tofu, eggs, fish, leafy greens, whole grains and nuts to balance out your diet.
Alcohol is a strict no-no for all would-be mothers. Those who have gestational diabetes must avoid even that tempting glass of wine. Alcohol is a known culprit for causing congenital disabilities in unborn babies so avoid it at all costs.
- Calorie High Carbs
Refined food is very calorie dense. It provides the calories without offering any fiber or nutrition in turn leading to distressing weight gain. White bread is a major culprit as are most baked goods unless those that are made with whole wheat. Weight has to stay in check to keep gestational diabetes manageable.
The sugary drinks will pile up the kilos without any of it being used for the unborn child. Packaged juices, energy drinks, and sweetened beverages should also be avoided at all costs. Instead, go for a bowl of fruits or a salad.
- Foods Labelled ‘Diabetic-Friendly’
Anything that sells itself as diabetic friendly or good for diabetics must be avoided. They have a comparable amount of calories and fat and have a negative impact on the blood glucose. Stick to regular food. If one is having severe cravings, eat food that you would generally treat yourself with.
So What Can you eat?
The list of things to avoid would seem daunting, but there are many food options that you can incorporate into your diet to help yourself and the baby. Here are some ideas.
- Fresh vegetables are good for a pregnant woman and the baby. They can be chopped and frozen.
- Eggs, in any form, are what the doctor recommends.
- Oatmeal is your friend.
- Fresh fruit, preferably in its natural form and not had as a juice.
- Fish is also a good alternative.
- Yogurt provides one with good probiotic bacteria and has very few calories.