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Everything You Need To Know About Psoriasis!

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Psoriasis Skin Disease is a common chronic skin condition that can affect anyone between the age of 15 and 35. Usually, a person suffering from this condition has an unusually fast skin cell growth rate. Such a fast cell growth rate results in dead cell accumulation over the skin’s surface.

The exact cause for this condition is not known but many studies have indicated that a person might be suffering from such a condition due to genetic factors or some abnormality in the immune system.

More than 125 Million People are affected by psoriasis worldwide - Psoriasis Symptoms and types

Psoriasis is a non-contagious disease. The effect of the condition can be easily spotted outside of the elbows, knees or scalp. The chance of it appearing on any other parts of the body is rare but is still a possibility. When suffering from this condition, the skin feels full of itch, burns, and stings. Know the facts about Psoriasis Skin Disease below:  

Psoriasis Skin Disease is associated with other serious health conditions such as diabetes, heart disease and depression.

Inverse psoriasis, also called intertriginous psoriasis or skin-fold psoriasis, is an uncommon form of psoriasis, which typically occurs in flexural areas – the groin, axillae, umbilicus, intergluteal cleft and external genitalia, timely treatment with topical and oral medications is found to be very helpful.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj – M.B.B.S, M.D.

Psoriasis Symptoms

The symptoms of Psoriasis Skin Disease may vary according to the severity and type of psoriasis a person is suffering from-

  • Flaking
  • Inflammation
  • Thick, white, silver or red patches of skin
  • Discolouration or pitting of the nails
  • Swollen and stiff joints

The cause of psoriasis isn’t fully understood. It’s thought to be an immune system problem where infection-fighting cells attack healthy skin cells by mistake. Researchers believe that both genetics and environmental factors play a role. The condition is not contagious. The condition is fully treatable but not curable.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

Types of Psoriasis

  1. Plaque Psoriasis: This is the most common type of condition which causes itchy and red plaques all over the body. It usually appears on the Elbow, lower back, scalp, and knees.
  2. Guttate Psoriasis: This condition typically causes small, pink-red spots on your skin. They often appear on your trunk, upper arms, thighs or scalp. Most often it is triggered by some skin injury.
  3. Inverse psoriasis: The appearance of these kinds of spots are bright red, smooth, and shiny, but don’t have scales. Fungal infections are major triggers for this.
  4. Nail Psoriasis: Half of those who are suffering from any other type of psoriasis suffer from this condition as well. The changes in the nail are eventually inevitable. Some of the symptoms include white chalk-like patches under the nail, pain in the area, separation of the nail from the bed, colour changes and pitting of nail.
  5. Psoriatic Arthritis: Just like arthritis, this condition is also a result of joint inflammation. If a person is suffering from psoriasis for more than 10 years, then they are highly likely to develop this condition. Symptoms include nail discolouration, joint pain and swelling of fingers and toes.

A variety of factors could trigger a psoriasis episode right from stress to an infection. In 70% of the cases, an external trigger is a cause behind awakening an inherited gene for psoriasis.

Also Read: 18 Simple Home Remedies For Fungal Infections!

As in many cases, Psoriasis Skin Disease might be very embarrassing and confidence draining due to its evident effects on the appearance. Most of the outbreaks are relatively not severe or harmful. With appropriate treatment, the symptoms will go away or subside within a few months.

Also Read: What Causes Thick Toenails: Understanding the Possible Underlying Conditions

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

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