Malaria is one of the causes of preventable deaths in the world today. One of the interesting Facts about Malaria is that it is a parasite infection spread by female Anopheles mosquitoes, which are the infection carriers. Symptoms of the disease could be seen as early as 6 days or it might take up to 15 days after the mosquito bite.
Malaria is a significant global problem and there are approximately 216 million cases of people being affected by it in a year. It has been prevalent for long enough that it has altered many of the genes. In South Africa, many suffer from sickle cell anaemia and thus it confers some immunity from Malaria. Some of the majorly important Facts about Malaria are as follows:
Symptoms and Risks
People suffering from the disease usually show the following symptoms-
- High fevers
- Abdominal pain
- Severe shaking chills and sweats
- Muscle aches
- Poor appetite
- Deep breathing and respiratory distress
- Abnormal bleeding and signs of anaemia
Malaria is found majorly only in subtropical and tropical countries. If not diagnosed immediately, it could lead to life threatening complications such as- kidney failure, swelling of blood vessels, low blood sugar, anaemia etc.
Treatment for the disease is usually provided in the hospital. The doctor will prescribe medication according to the kind of malarial parasite you have and also depending on the severity of the disease. Treatment usually lasts for 3 to 7 days, depending on the medication type. To get rid of the parasite, it is important to take the medication for the full length of time prescribed. Many a times, drugs may turn out to be ineffective. In such cases, the treatment may require more than one medication or complete change in approach.
People who get help immediately after being diagnosed have a good long term outlook. But if there a lot of complications involved then outlook may be poor.
There are no vaccines available for Malaria. The best way to avoid getting bitten is to stay in a mosquito free environment, use mosquito net shields while sleeping and also use recommended mosquito repellent creams. Prefer wearing light coloured long sleeve pants and tops while in a mosquito prevalent areas.
Since mosquitoes are night feeders and hence take extra precautions to avoid getting bitten. Using mosquito coils and aerosolized insecticides also help improve protection during this time and read more Facts about Malaria to stay on the safer side of the boat.