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HIV and AIDS facts – How You Get It, Stages & Tests

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

z1iyc3zg.5zzAutoteste_de_HIV_AIDS_riscos_e_benefícios_BR4062HIV is the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that attacks the body and causes AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome). This disease affects the immune system of the body thereby inhibiting its capacities to fight off diseases caused by bacteria and viruses. HIV is not a disease by itself but it causes AIDS. Know the basic HIV and AIDS facts  What causes AIDS?AIDS is caused by multiple factors involving exposure to infected semen, blood and vaginal fluids. The major HIV and AIDS facts  revolve around various determinants include:
  1. Unprotected sex with an infected partner
  2. Sharing needles, razors, towels etc that may be infected with the HIV   virus
  3. From mother to the child
  4. Carrying Sexually Transmitted Diseases such as Chlamydia, gonorrhoea etc. which can weaken your immunity.
What are the stages of HIV?
  1. Acute: This is the earlier stages of HIV that develops within 2-4 weeks of infection. Acute HIV comes with fever, rashes on the body and nausea. This is the stage where the possibility of transmission of the disease is at its peak.
  2. Chronic:   also called asymptomatic HIV infection or clinical latency, is the second stage of HIV where the virus grows in the body at a comparatively lower speed than Acute HIV. The symptoms of this stage are negligible. However, if a person is infected, she/he is very much capable of transmitting it.
  3. AIDS: The final stage is AIDS which generally develops 10-12 years after acquiring HIV. In this stage, the body cannot sustain any disease and has no immunity since it’s destroyed by HIV. The average lifespan of a person tested with AIDS is 3-5 years at the maximum, without treatment. Knowing the basic  HIV and AIDS facts will help know the stages of HIV in time.  
Types
  1. Standard tests: In a standard HIV test, blood is taken from your vein and tested. The results may take over 2 weeks to come which are shared with the patient confidentially.
  2. Rapid HIV test: As the name suggests is a screening test done by a tiny prick on the finger which is tested and the results are out within a matter of few minutes. The results of these tests, again, are shared confidentially with the concerned person.
The results, if positive mean that the person has acquired HIV and vice versa for negative. It is recommended to read more HIV and AIDS facts  to stay informed and healthy.  TreatmentAs of now, there are no treatments, cure or vaccine for HIV. However, a few medicines if taken regularly with active care of the body can reduce the rate of progression of the disease in the patient’s body.Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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