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Paneer Dodi: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects, and more!

By Dr Anuja Bodhare +2 more

Introduction: 

Paneer dodi, also called Withania coagulans, is a small bushy shrub and belongs to the family Solanaceae. It is commonly known as ‘paneer dodi’ or ‘Indian cheese maker’ because the fruits of this plant have milk coagulating properties, and therefore, it is called paneer dodi. Traditionally, different parts of the plant, mainly the fruit, was used as a magic healer for health conditions.1 

Paneer dodi is found in the eastern Mediterranean region and spreads to Southern Asia. It is most commonly found in drier areas of Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, and Gujarat in India. In folk (traditional) medicine, various parts of this plant, mainly fruits, are considered magic healers.1 

paneer dodi benefits

The local/regional names of paneer dodi are Panir, Khamjaria, Khamjira in Punjab; Asvagandha in Bengal; Kaknaj in Bombay; Asgandha in Gwalior; Punirband, Punirjafota in Sindhi; Panneru-gadda in Telugu; Hab kaknaj in Urdu; Punirbad, Kaknajehindi in Persian; Kaknajehindi, Javzulmizaja in Arabic; and Asvagandhi in Canares.2  

Some of the conditions in which may have potential uses such as long-term liver diseases, dyspepsia (indigestion), flatulent colic (severe stomach pain), asthma, intestinal infections, biliousness (a condition that refers to poor digestion, constipation, and excess passing of gas), and strangury (a slow and painful spasmodic discharge of urine drop by drop).2    

Did you know?

  • Paneer Dodi has been traditionally used to treat respiratory conditions like asthma and bronchitis. source: PubMed
  • Research suggests that Paneer Dodi may have antimicrobial properties and can help fight against certain infections. source: PubMed
  • Paneer Dodi has been traditionally used to relieve menstrual cramps and regulate menstrual cycles in women. source: PubMed

Nutritional Value of Paneer Dodi: 

The plant is rich in carbohydrates, free amino acids, alkaloids, tannins, steroids, esterase, phenolic compounds, organic acids, essential oil, fatty oil, and free sugar.1,2 

Properties of Paneer Dodi:

Therapeutic properties of paneer dodi include:

  • It may show sedative (sleep-inducing) potential
  • It may show diuretic (causes the kidney to make more urine) property
  • It may show emetic (causing vomiting) property1
  • It may help with wound healing
  • It may help with inflammation
  • It may show anti-hyperlipidaemic (lowers blood cholesterol level) potential
  • It may show antifungal (kills fungi) activity
  • It may show anti-bacterial (kills bacteria)
  • It may show anti-helminthic activity3 (kills worms and parasites)
  • It may show liver protective property1,3
  • It may show antihyperglycemic (lowers blood glucose level)2
  • It may show antitumour property4
  • It may show free radical scavenging activity (a substance that aids in protecting cells from very unstable chemicals, i.e., free radicals produced by normal cell metabolism)4

I recently read an article suggesting Paneer dodi has Withanolides, which have been shown to have anticancer activity, and flavonoids, which may have antimutagenic and anticarcinogenic properties. This property may help with cancer.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, B.A.M.S, M.D (Ayu)

Potential Uses of Paneer Dodi for Overall Health:

Potential Uses of paneer dodi for diabetes

The flowers and fruits of paneer dodi are often used in folk medicine to manage diabetes.5 In an animal model with type 2 diabetes, paneer dodi was discovered to improve signs and symptoms while achieving normal blood glucose levels during the trial.2 Therefore, you may use paneer dodi for managing blood glucose levels. However, you need to talk to your doctor before using paneer dodi or other herbs to manage your symptoms. Also, avoid using herbal supplements as an alternative to modern medicine.

Potential Uses of paneer dodi for liver

Fruit extract of paneer dodi has been shown to exert liver-protective effects during laboratory trials. The protective effect of paneer dodi was determined by measuring the blood enzyme levels during the study.4 if you are suffering from any liver condition, you need to consult with a doctor first before using paneer dodi for your liver. Using a herbal supplement without consulting your doctor may worsen the situation.

Potential Uses of paneer dodi for reduced urine output

Fruit extract of paneer dodi was studied in an animal model for its diuretic effect. The results showed an increase in the urine volume, and electrolytes excretion, indicating that the fruit extract has a diuretic effect.3 However, avoid using paneer dodi for its health effects without consulting your doctor. A doctor can give you a proper diagnosis and treatment.

Potential Uses of paneer dodi for wounds

In an animal study, the fruit extract of paneer dodi was applied to the wound of an animal. In this study, the extract increased the rate of wound healing (wound contraction). This indicates that paneer dodi has wound healing properties.3 If you are suffering from wounds, do not use paneer dodi without consulting your healthcare provider. Likewise, the wound might get infected if you use herbs without consulting your doctor.  

Potential Uses of   paneer dodi for infections

Fruit extract of paneer dodi was evaluated in a study for its antibacterial activity. It was found to show antibacterial activity against Vibrio cholera and Staphylococcus aureus. It also showed anti-helminthic activity. Furthermore, the entire plant extract exhibited antifungal activity against several potentially pathogenic fungi.3 These properties have been observed in lab trials. However, more research is needed to consolidate the use of paneer dodi on humans. Therefore, you are advised not to use paneer dodi for any infection without consulting a healthcare provider first.

Also Read: Kokum: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects And More!

Potential Uses of paneer dodi for other health disorders

The twigs may be chewed to clean teeth, while the plant’s smoke may be inhaled to relieve toothaches.3 The seeds may be helpful in lumbago (muscle and joint pain in the lower back), eye inflammation, and piles. The fruits might be used for asthma, strangury, and biliousness and can be applied to wounds. In addition, the ripe fruits might possess sedative (induces sleep) or pain-killing properties.2 however, if you are suffering from any of these health conditions, you need to reach out to a doctor or healthcare provider and get treated properly. Using any herbal remedy without consulting a doctor might worsen the situation.

Though some studies show the benefits of paneer dodi in various conditions, these are insufficient, and there is a need for further studies to establish the true extent of paneer dodi on human health.  

In my experience, Paneer dodi may help in relieving menstrual problems. Research says, due to its anti-inflammatory properties, Paneer dodi stimulates the normal period flow and hence may relieve any problems associated with periods.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

How to Use Paneer Dodi? 

Paneer dodi is used in the form of:

  • Powder
  • Seeds
  • Leaves2
  • Twigs3
  • Whole fruit
  • Whole flower5

You must consult a qualified doctor before taking paneer dodi or herbal supplements. Further, do not discontinue or replace an ongoing treatment of modern medicine with an ayurvedic/herbal preparation without consulting a qualified doctor.  

Side Effects of Paneer Dodi:

There are no side effects reported for paneer dodi. However, you should consult your doctor before taking panner dodi.1

Also, avoid using paneer dodi or any other herbal supplement without consulting your doctor first. It will help you avoid any unwanted side effects

Precautions to be Taken With Paneer Dodi:

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

There is no sufficient information regarding the safe use of paneer dodi during pregnancy or while breastfeeding. So, please consult your doctor regarding its usage during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Children and Elderly

There is no sufficient data regarding its safety in children and the elderly. Therefore, consult your doctor before taking paneer dodi.

Also, you must talk to your healthcare provider before using any herb against disease conditions. They will be able to guide you better about the possible precautions of that herb.

Interactions With Other Drugs:

No scientific data is available on the interaction of paneer dodi with other drugs.

However, if you are taking medication for any diseases, make sure you talk to your healthcare provider about the possible interactions of the medicine with herbs and other drugs. Also, avoid using paneer dodi as medicine without consulting a doctor first.

Also Read: Peepal Tree: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects and more!

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQs): 

For how long can paneer dodi be taken?

You should talk to your doctor about the dosage and how long you can eat paneer dodi. Do not use any herbs or supplements without consulting your doctor first.

Can paneer dodi purify the blood?

In some studies, the berries have shown blood purifying properties.2 However, more studies are required to justify its use in humans. You are advised not to use paneer dodi or any other herb for its health benefits without consulting your doctor.

Can I use paneer dodi during pregnancy?

You must consult your doctor before taking paneer dodi during pregnancy. Do not take any herb or supplement without consulting your doctor when you are pregnant.

How to use paneer dodi?

Paneer dodi can be used in the form of powder. Its twigs, leaves, and seeds can also be used. The fruit and flower can be used as a whole2,3,5 However, consult with a doctor first as they will be able to guide you about the dosage and limitations of paneer dodi.

Can paneer dodi heal the wound?

Paneer dodi was found to have wound-healing qualities, according to animal research.3 However, its study on humans for wound healing activity is yet to be documented. Therefore, you are advised not to use paneer dodi before consulting your healthcare provider. 

Is paneer dodi good for diabetes?

The flowers and fruits of paneer dodi are commonly used to manage diabetes in folk medicine.5 In an animal study, paneer dodi was tested for its activity on diabetes and was found beneficial for type 2 diabetes.2 However, the study in humans is not yet reported. Therefore, if you have diabetes, do not use paneer dodi or any supplement without consulting your doctor.   

Are there any side effects of paneer dodi?

No, there are no side effects reported for paneer dodi.1 But you must consult your doctor before taking panner dodi.

Can paneer dodi be added to milk to make curd?

The leaves and fruits of paneer dodi have a unique curdling of milk coagulating property. A small piece is rubbed with a bit of milk or water and is added to the milk for curdling.2

Is paneer dodi good for liver?

An animal study found that the fruit extract of this plant possesses liver-protective properties.4 However, its liver protective property is not yet reported in humans. If you are suffering from liver ailments, avoid using paneer dodi without a doctor’s consultation.

Is paneer dodi good for teeth?

The wood of the plant is used to clean teeth. The smoke from the plant can be inhaled to relieve toothaches, and the twigs are chewed to clean teeth.2 If you suffer from teeth problems, make sure to see your dentist. Using herbal remedies without talking to your doctor can worsen the situation.

Is paneer dodi good for piles?

The seeds of paneer dodi aid in reducing the inflammation of piles.2 However, do not use paneer dodi without talking to your doctor first. 

Does paneer dodi interact with any other medicines?

There is no sufficient data available on the interaction of paneer dodi with other medicines. However, you must consult your doctor if you are taking any medication.

Is there any nutritional value in paneer dodi?

Paneer dodi contains carbohydrates, free sugar, amino acids, essential oil, fatty oil, alkaloids, steroids, tannins, phenolic compounds, and esterase.1,2

References: 

1. Pramanick DD, Srivastava SK. Pharmacognostic evaluation of Withania coagulans Dunal (Solanaceae) – an important ethnomedicinal plant. Biosci Discov [Internet]. 2015;6(1):6–13. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/282857254_Pharmacognostic_evaluation_of_Withania_coagulans_Dunal_Solanaceae_-an_important_ethnomedicinal_plant 

2. Gupta V, Keshari BB. Withania Coagulans Dunal. (Paneer Doda): a Review. Int J Ayurvedic Herb Med [Internet]. 2013;3(5):1330–6. Available from: http://www.interscience.org.uk 

3. Bare NB, Jadhav PS. Pharmaceutical Importance of Withania Coagulans Pharmaceutical Properties. Int J Adv Sci Eng Technol [Internet]. 2017;5(3):104–7. Available from: http://www.iraj.in/journal/journal_file/journal_pdf/6-355-149631756841-44.pdf 

4. Maurya R, Akansha, Jayendra. Chemistry and pharmacology of Withania coagulans : an Ayurvedic remedy. J Pharm Pharmacol [Internet]. 2010;62(2):153–60. Available from: https://academic.oup.com/jpp/article/62/2/153/6135723?login=true 

5. Tonge Madan B. Review of rushyagandha. Int Ayurvedic Med J [Internet]. 2015;3(4):9–11. Available from: http://www.iamj.in/posts/2015/images/upload/1157_1160.pdf 

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