Anaemia is often labelled as the silent killer or worse, the national disease of India. According to research and recent statistics, it is said that every second woman in the country is anaemic. In fact, anaemia is the cause of every five deaths among pregnant women.
A person is said to be suffering from anaemia when the body’s blood is unable to carry oxygen efficiently. It is a must that patients get their haemoglobin levels checked often. Haemoglobin is the pigment that carries oxygen in the body and it is also a protein, predominantly found in the red blood cells.
Patients with anaemia have very little or an abnormal amount of red blood cell count, i.e. their haemoglobin level is very low, an indication that the body cells are not getting enough oxygen.
The most common cause of anaemia is iron deficiency. The other probable causes are folate, vitamin B12 and vitamin deficiencies, chronic inflammation, parasitic infections and inherited disorders.
Fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness and overall weakness are common signs of severe anaemia. Symptoms as such are prevalent in pregnant women and children as they are prone and vulnerable to the disease than the rest.
- Pale skin tone
- Appetite loss
- A frequent or a constant headache
- Regularly constipation
- Shortness of breath
- Experiencing extreme chills occasionally
- Feeling depressed, weak and dizzy
Types of Anaemia
Over the years, as per research, anaemia has over 400 types and all of these can be categorized into three groups:
Anaemia caused by loss of blood: This is a common occurrence in women who experience pregnancy and menstruation. Other causes may range from ulcers and inflammation in the stomach to cancer.
Anaemia caused by the decrease in red blood cells: This type of anaemia is caused due to sickle-shaped red blood cells in the body or due to bone marrow or iron deficiencies or vitamin deficiency. Lifestyle is a major indicator of this type of anaemia.
Anaemia caused by the destruction of red blood cells: This is a type of anaemia that is passed on from generation to generation. It can be caused by severe hypertension, tumours, infections or reaction to skin burns or even a chemical attack.
Coping with Anaemia
It is important to get a thorough diagnosis and know the type of anaemia a person is suffering from to make changes in their lifestyle, food habits and medication. It is important to visit a doctor and seek clarity. Lifestyle modification and a healthy diet may help to manage anaemia.
Results aren’t immediate, so if one feels like napping often, it is a normal phenomenon.
A patient with anaemia needs to rest to heal. They must avoid any kind of exertion. In severe conditions, anaemic patients will be required to take iron supplements and injections. Even if their condition improves, they should consult their doctor before stopping their medication.
Patients suffering from severe anaemia, might be suggested to undergo the following:
- Transfusion of blood
- Stem cell or bone marrow transplant
Read More: 7 Home Remedies for Anaemia
Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a health care professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.