Diabetes is a metabolic disease that is characterized by a high level of blood sugar because the body cannot process it efficiently. There are two kinds of diabetes- Type 1 and Type 2. Each is different from the other but the underlying fact is that they affect how the body processes glucose. If you are confused about which type you have, it is better to consult your doctor and undergo tests.
Both Type 1 and Type 2 are similar in the fact that they are both chronic and cannot be cured. There are some common points of difference between the two kinds of Diabetes.
- Time of Diagnosis
Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in childhood while Type 2 is usually diagnosed after 30 years of age. There are a few exceptions wherein Type 1 diabetes gets diagnosed in adulthood.
- Body Weight
Type 1 diabetes is not associated to the patient’s body weight as it is a genetic disorder. Type 2 diabetes is related to being overweight or obese. However, there are patients who are thin and have type 2.
- Ketones or Cholesterol
Type 1 has high levels of Ketones during diagnosis while Type 2 is related to high blood pressure and high cholesterol levels.
Type 1 diabetes is treated with insulin injections or the insulin pump whereas Type 2 diabetes is treated without medicines in the initial stages or with tablets.
- Level of Disease Control
In type 1 , the patient has to depend on insulin, no matter what. On the other hand, in Type 2 , the patient has a possibility to reduce his dependence on medication and live holistically without much medical intervention.
- Disease Development
Type 1 is an autoimmune disease. The immune system of the body attacks itself, mistaking its own body cells as antigens. The beta cells of the pancreas get attacked by it. They are responsible for producing insulin in the body. In Type 2 diabetes, the body becomes resistant to insulin and in a bid to balance things out, tries to produce more but cannot keep up with the demand.
- Timeline of The Disease
While symptoms of Type 1 develop quickly. They typically manifest themselves over a matter of few weeks. In Type 2 , the symptoms take a long time to develop and many people do not discover the disease until they suffer a few complications.
- Age of Patients
People suffering from Type 1 are usually children and adolescents. Type 2 diabetics are usually older people.
The only way to stay safe when it comes to diabetes is to adopt a healthy lifestyle. While genetic factors cannot be controlled, we can take charge of our lifestyle. Eating healthy- less of sugary, processed food and more of natural, fresh food, exercising regularly, not stressing over things and maintaining healthy weight go a long way in reducing the risks of developing diabetes.