A Heart Attack is a serious medical condition when a blood clot, suddenly blocks the supply of blood to the heart suddenly. It is often accompanied by a lasting, vice-like pain in the chest which may spread to the arms, jaw, back, neck or stomach.
A Heart Attacks is a medical emergency, and the first aid provided, can at times even decides whether the person will survive or not. The sooner the person gets medical assistance, more the chances of survival.
Prompt medical treatment reduces the amount of damage to the heart.
Also Read: Difference Between Heart Attack and Cardiac Arrest
This article gives you a quick overview of the protocol to be followed when someone gets a heart attack:
– Make sure the person sits down comfortably
– Get the person to calm down and rest
– Loosen tight clothing, if any
– If the person is in a state to talk, ask if they are on any medication for heart problems or chest pain.
– If the pain doesn’t subside after the person is seated, call emergency medical help.
– If the person is unconscious, then perform CPR.
How is CPR performed?
CPR – Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation is basically a two-fold process. It involves making sure that the heart pumps blood to the body by compressing the chest and to provide artificial respiration by blowing oxygen into the lungs.
To perform chest compression,
– kneel down next to the victim of heart problem
– Place the heel of one hand on the victim’s lower sternum
– Place the heel of the second hand on top of the first hand and interlock your fingers
– Keep your elbows straight and put all your body weight on the heels of your hand.
– Press down firmly and quickly, to get a downward movement of 4-5 cm. Relax and compress again. Do not lose contact between the hands and the sternum.
– Try compressing at a rate of 100 per minute.
– After 30 compressions, give artificial respiration twice and maintain a ratio of 30:2 till professional help arrives.
To give a person artificial respiration –
– Pinch the nostrils shut
– Take a deep breath and blow into the person’s mouth. It ideally takes about 2 seconds to inflate the person’s chest.
– repeat the process a couple of times
– Check to see if the person’s chest inflates when you blow in, which it should if enough air is being blown in.
– Repeat this procedure until help arrives or till the person starts breathing again.
Also Read: 20 Healthy Heart Tips