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Stone Flower: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More!

By Dr Rajeev Singh +2 more


Stone flower, also known as Parmelia perlata, belongs to the family Parmeliaceae. It is a perennial lichen found on dead wood or rocks in the temperate Himalayas.1 It is frequently used as a spice for flavouring food items.2  

Other Names Of Stone Flower:

It is also known as

Stone Flower herb in a bowl

  • Charela, Chhadila and Chharila Hindi
  • Rock moss or Stone Flower English
  • Dagad phool in Marathi
  • Chhadila in Urdu
  • Silapuspa or Sitasiva in Sanskrit
  • Chhadilo, Patthar Phool in Gujarati
  • Kalpashee in Tamil
  • Chhadila in Punjabi
  • Ratipuvvu in Telugu
  • Shailaj in Bengali

Properties of Stone Flower:  

  • It may have wound healing properties
  • It may show analgesic activity (pain relieving) for the liver, stomach, and uterus.  
  • It helps with its anthelmintic activity against worms.    
  • It may have antimicrobial properties.4  
  • It may show carminative (relieving flatulence) activity
  • It may have astringent properties
  • It may have mild laxative properties
  • It may show diuretic activity
  • It may have sedative properties.3  

Potential Uses of Stone Flower    

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antiulcer Activity:  

The ethanolic extract of stone flower exhibited significant gastroprotective potential against alcohol, aspirin, cold restraint, and pyloric ligation induced gastric ulcer in a rat model.3 However, this study was conducted on animals, not humans. Therefore, we require more human studies to suggest the benefits of stone flower in managing gastric ulcers.

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antidiabetic Activity:  

The aqueous extract of stone flower in a study, when administered to rats, exhibited significant antidiabetic activity. It reduced the haemoglobin A1C (HbA1C level), fasting blood glucose (FBG), increased plasma insulin level and normalised glucose metabolising enzymes’ activity.

It may also considerably improved serum lipid profile by decreasing low-density lipoprotein (LDL), very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL), cholesterol, serum triglyceride, phospholipids, free fatty acids and possibly increasing high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level.3

The methanolic extract of stone flower also was studied to exhibit significant blood glucose-lowering potential in the oral glucose tolerance test, noteworthy free radical scavenging activity and α-glucosidase inhibitory activity in a rat model.3 However, this information is insufficient, and we require large-scale human trials to provide the benefits of stone flower in humans for its antidiabetic effect. Diabetes is a serious health problem; hence, a proper diagnosis and treatment are needed, thus please consult a qualified doctor for proper advise.

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antioxidant Activity:  

In studies the ethanolic extract of the stone flower exhibited significant antioxidant potential and a good free radical scavenging effect. In addition, the methanolic extract of the stone flower in a study showed noteworthy antioxidant activity when tested in phosphomolybdenum reduction and 2,2′-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay.3 These claims may need further research to establish their effect on humans.

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Cytotoxic Activity:  

The methanolic extract of the stone flower was found to have cytotoxic activity and exhibited antiproliferation against colon cancer cell lines in studies.3 However these studies were performed on animals and human studies will be needed to understand a similar impact on humans.

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Hypolipidaemic Activity:  

The methanolic extract of the stone flower exhibited significant hypolipidaemic activity when tested by an in-vitro anticholesterol assay. 3 However, these effects need to be ascertained by more research.

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antibacterial Activity:  

The acetone, ethyl acetate, and methanolic extract of the stone flower was studied to have significant antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. In addition, studies show the hydro-alcoholic extract of the stone flower was found to be significantly active against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus cereus, Proteus vulgaris, Escherichia coli, S. aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Corynebacterium xerosis.

The antibacterial potential of stone flower might be due to the presence of usnic acid.3 The methanolic extract of the stone flower also exhibited significant antibacterial activity against some Gram-positive foodborne bacteria. The aqueous-methanolic extract of the stone flower was also effective against P. aeruginosa, B. cereus, E. coli, Bacillus pumilus, S. aureus, Citrobacter freundii, K. pneumonia, and Streptococcus pneumoniae.3   

Also Read: Butterfly Pea Flower: Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & More! 

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antiviral Activity:  

The polysaccharide fraction of the stone flower was investigated for cytotoxicity on cell lines, and it was found to possess specific antiviral potential against the yellow fever virus that attacks the viral envelope.3

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Hepatoprotective Activity:  

The aqueous slurry of stone flower exhibited significant hepatoprotective activity when investigated in a rat model.3 However these studies are conducted on animals and not much evidence available for its effect on humans. Please consult a doctor for treatment of liver related issues and do not self-medicate.  

Also Read: 7 Signs of Liver Stress

Potential Uses of Stone Flower For Antiurolithiatic Activity:  

The hydro-alcoholic extract of stone flower exhibited significant antiurolithiatic (reduced formation of crystallizing salts) activity when tested in an in-vitro model.3  

Though there are studies that show the potential use of stone flower in various conditions, but these are insufficient and there is a need of further studies to establish the true extent of benefits of stone flower on human health.  

Use Stone flowers to liven up your relationship with your lover! Stone flower extracts may also be used as an aphrodisiac to improve libido in addition to their other medical uses.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, B.A.M.S, M.D (Ayu)

Also Read: Ginko Biloba – Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions

How to Use Stone Flower? 

Stone flower can be used in the following forms: 

  • Stone flower can be used in the dose of 1 to 3 gm.1
  • It is used as a spice in food items to enhance the taste and flavour.2  

You may consult your Ayurvedic physician for the form and dosage. In addition, we advise you to not replace or quit your current medications with any herbal preparations made from cardamom without talking to a physician or an Ayurvedic doctor.

Stone flowers might aid in cough. Other than its anti-ulcer and anti-oxidant nature, the Stone flower is believed to have anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties that might keep the cough-causing bacteria at bay.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

Precautions to Take With Stone Flower: 

There are no major side effects reported with the use of stone flower, but you must consult your doctor if you experience any side effects.  

Also Read: Chandraprabha Vati – Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions

Interactions With Other Drugs:

There is not much information available on how stone flower interacts with other medications. Hence, patients should consult a doctor before taking stone flower if they take any other drug or supplement.

Did you know Stone Flower might aid in eye infections? Researchers believe that due to its anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory nature, the Stone flower might be helpful in conditions such as conjunctivitis (inflammation of the outer layer of the eyelid).

Dr. Smita barode, B.A.M.S, M.S.

Frequently Asked Questions: 

1) What is Dagad phool? 

Stone Flower in Marathi is known as Dagad phool.1 

2) Can stone flower be consumed during breastfeeding? 

There is no evidence of the effect of its consumption during pregnancy; therefore, you should ask your doctor before consuming it. 

3) Is stone flower useful for yellow fever? 

Stone flower might be beneficial in the management of yellow fever. Yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes and is a tropical viral disease that affects the kidneys and liver, which causes jaundice and fever. Stone flower might be able to inhibit the yellow fever virus primarily because of its antiviral activity.3  The data from studies on the effect of stone flowers on humans is insufficient thus it should be taken under the supervision of a doctor.

4) Is stone flower good for controlling diabetes? 

Stone flower might be helpful in controlling diabetes as it was found to reduce the HbA1C level, FBG, increase insulin level and normalise glucose metabolising enzymes’ activity.3  However, you should consult a doctor for treatment of diabetes and conditions.

5) Is stone flower good for skin disease? 

Stone flower might be helpful for the management of skin disease as it is mentioned in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India that it is therapeutically useful in kustha (skin diseases).3 Consult a dermatologist for proper advise.

6) Can the stone flower relieve a headache? 

The smoke of stone flower is helpful in relieving headaches.4 

7) Can I consume stone flower during pregnancy? 

There is no such evidence of the effects of its consumption during pregnancy; therefore, you should ask your doctor before consuming it. 

Also Read: Kachnar Uses, Benefits & Nutritional Value


  1. Health MOF, Welfare F. The Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India, Part 1 2001;3:129–30. 
  2. Leela K, Anchana Devi C. Isolation, Purification and Application of Secondary Metabolites From Lichen Parmelia Perlata. Biosci Biotechnol Res Asia 2017;14:1413–28. https://doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2587. 
  3. Goyal PK, Verma SK, Sharma AK. PHARMACOLOGICAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ASPECTS OF LICHEN PARMELIA PERLATA: A REVIEW. Int J Res Ayurveda Pharm 2016;7:102–7. https://doi.org/10.7897/2277-4343.07138. 
  4. Farooq A, Waheed U. Asian Journal of Biological and Life Sciences. Asian J Biol Life Sci 2012:72–5. 

Also Read: Kulthi Dal – Uses, Benefits, Side Effects & Precautions


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