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Ulcers facts: Causes and Symptoms

By Dhwani Jerajani +2 more

stomachulcersymptoms-inwomenchildrenMajority of the Ulcers facts revolve around the most common kind of ulcer which is stomach ulcers, also referred to as Peptic ulcer. They are painful sores and are found on the stomach lining or in the small intestine. Stomach ulcers are easily cured but they can become severe if not treated properly.Causes  According to various facts, for years it was thought that stress was a major factor in the formation of ulcers. While severe stress experienced from medical illness may increase the risk of ulcer formation, common medication such as NSAIDs (Non – steroidal anti-inflammatory medications), the bacteria H. pylori and smoking are the major risk factors.
  1. Helicobacter is mostly acquired in childhood and is not common in developed nations as compared to those with less well – developed sanitary conditions. The bacterium causes ulcers by disrupting the protective mucous layer that lines the intestines. When the mucous layer is disrupted, it triggers the release of certain enzymes and toxins that injure the cells of the stomach or duodenum causing small sores. Once a small sore develops, the tissue becomes more vulnerable to damage from digestive juices and has the potential to develop into an ulcer.
  2. The most common NSAIDs are ibuprofen and aspirin. These types of drugs are taken to decrease inflammation. Inflammation is caused by a natural chemical in the body called prostaglandins. NSAIDs work by inhibiting the body’s production of prostaglandins. However, certain prostaglandins are important in protecting the stomach lining from the corrosive effects of stomach acid, as well as playing a role in maintaining the natural, healthy condition of the stomach lining. By disrupting the production of prostaglandins in the stomach, NSAIDs can cause ulcers and bleeding. Small doses of aspirin alone does not cause ulcers but higher doses and many other over-the-counter pain relievers can lead to ulcers, particularly at high doses and if used daily.
Also Read: How to Get Rid of a Canker Sore: Evidence-Based Remedies and TipsSymptomsSymptoms usually manifest as pain or burning in your mid to upper abdomen just below the centre of your chest. Common symptoms of gastric ulcers include weight loss, poor appetite, bloating, burping, vomiting, and sometimes even vomiting blood.Also Read: 12 Natural Remedies For Mouth UlcersTreatmentIf the stomach ulcer is diagnosed as being caused by the bacterium, antibiotics like H2 Blockers, Proton Pump Inhibitors and Over-the-counter Antacids, Cytoprotective Agents will be prescribed. Smoking, alcohol and any medication or food that can trigger symptoms should be avoided. Certain side effects like nausea, dizziness, headache and diarrhoea become apparent. These side effects are only temporary.Other important facts include that surgical treatment will be prescribed in the cases of the ulcer continuing to reappear, bleed or not getting healing. Seek treatment if you believe you could be suffering from ulcers and don’t attempt treatment through self-medication.Also Read: Why Is My Upper Stomach Bigger Than My Lower? Understanding Body CompositionDisclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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