Juvenile diabetes or Type 1 diabetes, like other diseases, has been on the rise. It is a type of an autoimmune disease. The pancreas does not produce enough insulin to convert blood sugar into energy. Diabetes in children cannot be cured and is a lifelong predicament.
The best bet is to prevent the child from suffering from this by providing healthy food options and inculcating good lifestyle habits like regular exercise and proper sleep. Encourage your children to eat a diet low in fat, sugar, processed foods and to eat nutrient-rich food like fruits and vegetable, lean meats and protein-rich foods. Drinking ample amount of water is also beneficial in the prevention of diabetes. There are many warning signs that trigger the possibility of diabetes in children. They are listed below.
- Increased Thirst and Frequent Urination
The child experiences several bouts of extensive thirst as the blood sugar pulls are water from the cells. This also leads to frequent urination. Some children even start bedwetting.
- Dry Mouth and Itchy Skin
Patients start suffering from an itchy skin and dry mouths. This is because of lack of fluids in the body that manifests as these symptoms.
- Extreme Hunger
Children suffering from diabetes experience extreme hunger, even after eating full meals. This is because the body is unable to utilize the energy released from the food consumed.
- Unexplained Weight Loss
Even though the child eats his meals, he/she may suffer from unexplained weight loss. This is again because the body is unable to put to use the energy released from food.
Lethargic behavior, feelings of laziness and drowsiness are all warning signs of diabetes in children. The body is left without its requisite energy fuel as it cannot utilize the blood sugar to provide energy.
- Behaviour Changes
Children suffering from diabetes exhibit behavioral changes. They may become irritable, anxious and aggressive. Some of them feel the blues and might even suffer from depression.
- Vision Problems
The eyes are one of the first organs to suffer from diabetes. Children often develop vision problems and if left untreated might even become blind.
- Fruity Breath
One of the most obvious signs of diabetes in children is the development of a sweet-smelling, fruity breath. This is because of the build-up of toxic acids in the bloodstream and the urine. These toxic acids, known as ketones, cause the fruity smell.
If left untreated, diabetes can shut down the system, organ by organ. It can cause cataract, glaucoma and sometimes complete vision loss. The cuts and bruises take a long time to heal in diabetics and are at a risk of developing gangrene. The feet are at a risk, especially since they receive least blood flow in the body.
If diabetes runs in your family or if you notice any of the above symptoms in your child, get a blood sugar test done immediately for comprehensive and timely action.