Diarrhoea is an inconvenient disease in the sense that an individual would have bouts of loose-watery stools and would need to frequent the bathroom quite often. It is characterized by frequent bowel movement which can last for a few days and can disappear even without treatment. Know diarrhoea and common facts associated with it:
Diarrhoea can be chronic or acute. Chronic diarrhoea can last for about four weeks and could be due to intestinal disorders like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), chronic infections, inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn’s disease), food allergy, etc. Individuals need to seek medical attention if they are suffering from diarrhoea for more than three to four weeks.
Acute diarrhoea could last for about one to two days and can be caused due to food poisoning or by a bacterial or a viral infection. A condition called traveller’s diarrhoea occurs when an individual acquires diarrhoea due to exposure to parasites or bacteria while travelling. It is quite common for people to have acute diarrhoea and a large number of people have it at least once in six months hence it is relevant to know diarrhoea disease. There are a number of reason for experiencing diarrhoea and some of the most common causes for diarrhoea are:
- Eating food which upsets the working of digestive system
- Food allergies
- Excessive alcohol consumption
- Intestinal diseases
- Abusing laxatives or medications
- Radiation therapy or surgery (some cancers and some surgeries done on the digestive system)
- Bacterial/ viral or parasitic infections
Diarrhoea can cause extreme dehydration and also drain an individual of all their energy. Treating diarrhoea involves replenishing the lost fluids in the body. Drinking water and electrolyte-rich beverages (oral rehydration) can help restore the lost water in the body. For mild cases, it is not even necessary to take any medication but for severe cases, patients have to be treated with intravenous fluids. If the diarrhoea is caused due to a bacterial infection, doctors generally prescribe antibiotics to treat the disease. Know diarrhoea and act in time. Washing your hands with a good soap or using hand sanitizer (when soaps are unavailable) can reduce the chances of viral/bacterial infections which cause diarrhoea.
Most people are bound to have diarrhoea at least once in their lifetime. Though there are numerous reasons as to why an individual can get diarrhoea, adopting preventive measures like thawing frozen food properly in a refrigerator, refrigerating leftovers properly, eating food immediately after serving, washing the food preparation areas properly to avoid food poisoning, avoiding food/water from roadside stalls, etc. can help reduce the chances of getting diarrhoea. If you are travelling, it is advisable that you have food/water from hygienic places and avoiding caffeine can help a lot when affected with diarrhoea. Do drink a lot of water and keep yourself hydrated. Having juices with high content in pulp or broth or sodas can also provide relief. At the same time, Know diarrhoea and do not replace your meals with a liquid diet but rather have small sips of liquids in between the meals to keep your body hydrated and healthy.