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Difference Between Gynecomastia And Chest Fat

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

What is gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is also referred to as ‘man boobs’; it is a common condition in which the breasts In men enlarge and appears bigger in size. It is mainly caused due to an imbalance of the hormones estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can affect one or both breasts, it isn’t a serious problem, but it can sometimes lead to pain in the breasts and the affected person may feel embarrassed or uncomfortable with his appearance. Gynecomastia may go away on its own or require medication and surgery.


Did you know?

Also Read: How to Get Rid of Man Boobs: Effective Strategies from Expert Studies

What is chest fat?

Chest fat is also known as pseudo-gynecomastia; it happens when excess fat gets accumulates in the chest, giving men the appearance of ‘man boobs’. Sometimes, chest fat occurs due to a health condition.

Puberty is a common age group when gynecomastia usually manifests. If you feel that it isn’t subsiding on its own within 6 months to 2 years, you may consult a physician to get it thoroughly examined and rule out other causes beyond hormonal changes.

Dr Ashish Bajaj – M.B.B.S, M.D. in Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology

Table of differences between Gynecomastia and Chest Fat

Different FactorsGynecomastia Chest Fat
CausesDecrease in the hormone testosterone compared with estrogen in men. Gynecomastia in infants by birth due to the effects of their mother’s estrogen.
Gynecomastia during puberty. A number of medications like anti-androgens, anabolic steroids, anti-anxiety, heart medications and antibiotics can cause gynecomastia. Chemotherapy to treat cancer.
Recreational drugs and alcohol
Ageing. Hormone changes that occur with ageing can cause gynecomastia
Obesity.
Tumors.
Hyperthyroidism. When the thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine.
Kidney failure. People undergoing dialysis may experience gynecomastia.
Liver failure and cirrhosis. Malnutrition and starvation. 
Ageing. Due to the loss of muscle tissue, a person will have more body fat.
A sedentary lifestyle Unhealthy diet Lack of exercise Menopause in women and hormonal changes during pregnancy.
Obesity
Drugs
Genetics
Health conditions like liver and kidney disease
lung or testicular cancer
thyroid disorder
cystic fibrosis
SymptomsPain in and around the breasts
Swollen breast tissue
Firm to the touch, feels hard like a lump under the skin
Gynecomastia tends to be rounder and more proportioned, similar to a woman’s breasts.
Breast tenderness
Nipple sensitivity due to rubbing against clothes
Nipple discharge in one or both breasts
Chest fat is soft to the touch
Chest fat looks saggy or droopy and does not have a very defined shape.
The nipple may project more than the rest of the chest.
No nipple discharge.
DiagnosisReview of your symptoms
Blood tests
Mammograms
Computerized tomography (CT) scans
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
Testicular ultrasounds
Tissue biopsies
Physical examination of the texture of your chest
Treatment options that can be advised by doctorsMost cases of gynecomastia resolve over time without treatment. However, if it is caused by an underlying condition, these are the possible treatments:
Medications used to treat breast cancer and other conditions may be helpful for some men with gynecomastia. Two types of gynecomastia surgery options are
Liposuction. This surgery removes breast fat but not the breast gland tissue itself.
Mastectomy. This type of surgery removes the breast gland tissue by using only small incisions. 
Healthy diet and exercise
Liposuction.
PrevalenceGynecomastia is prevalent among men aged 50 – 80.It can occur at any age, affecting both men and women.
ComplicationsUntreated Gynecomastia may slightly increase your risk of breast cancer. Underlying health conditions may worsen without treatment.If chest fat is not treated, it may affect your mental health as you experience a lack of confidence
It may cause other health problems

During pubertal development, gynecomastia can develop as a result of transient relative imbalances between androgens and estrogens. Pubertal gynecomastia is self-limited in 75 to 90% of adolescents and regresses over 1 to 3 years. However, it may cause significant psychological stress and depression in adolescents.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka – MBBS, MD(Pediatrics)

Conclusion

Gynecomastia and chest fat are both very similar conditions and it is possible for you to confuse two. If you notice any abnormal changes in your chest, you must consult a doctor at the earliest. Timely diagnosis and proper treatment will ensure that your condition leads to no serious complications. Avoid self-medicating as it can worsen these two conditions.

Disclaimer: The information included on this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.

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