Your eyes are priceless! That is why on World Sight Day (10th October this year) doctors will come together to spread awareness about the challenges your eyes face and how you can take better care of them. As we grow older, our eyesight diminishes and eye-related problems begin to crop up. While it is quite natural for our bodies and organs to deteriorate with age, you can slow down the process. With these practices, you can avert eye problems for a long time.
Familiarize yourself with the risk factors –
Some people are more prone to vision impairment and illnesses of the eyes than others. Here is a list of factors that put you at risk-
- Do you (or someone you are related to by blood) have diabetes?
- Are you more than 50 years of age?
- Is your blood pressure high, or do you have a family history of hypertension?
Once you are aware of these risk factors, you will know if there is a higher chance of damage to your eyes. Based on that you can take appropriate action.
1. Keep your blood sugar under check –
Most people with high blood sugar or diabetes have been diagnosed with some form of eye disorder. Diabetes damages your eyes. If you have exceeded normal blood sugar range, then you must bring it down at all costs.
2. Stabilize your blood pressure to prevent old-age eye problems –
High blood pressure exerts force on the vessels that carry blood to your eyes and damages them which in turn affects your eyes’ health. That is why, if you have hypertension, your eyes will become vulnerable to damage.
3. Track your blood pressure and blood sugar –
Whether you have diabetes and hypertension or not, it is very important to regularly monitor your blood pressure and blood sugar. Monitoring will show you whether the treatment is working and for those people who have not contracted either of these disorders, regular checks will tell them if they are inching closer to the danger mark.
Remember, as you grow older, both high blood pressure and blood sugar become more likely. Measure blood pressure every month and get a blood sugar test every 3 months.
4. Be cautious about any changes in your vision –
Illnesses of the eyes do not strike suddenly. They set in slowly and exhibit symptoms. You have to always watch out for the slightest changes such as-
- Hazy vision
- Poor vision at night
- Double vision
- Seeing particles float in front of you
- Sudden flashes of light
- Redness or soreness of the eyes
- Inflamed eyes or eyelids
As soon as you notice these signs, seek medical help because timely treatment will halt the deterioration of your eyes.
5. Shield your eyes from UV rays –
UV rays can damage your eyes. That is why when you go out into the sun, wear sunglasses or opt for photochromic glasses to protect your eyes from the glare of the sun.
6. Eyecare at the workplace –
If you work in front of a computer, modify the screen brightness keeping with the ambient light of the office room. Wear lenses that negate the blue light that emanates from computer screens or stick an anti-blue light screen guard to your computer or laptop.
Don’t stare at the screen for long stretches of time. Every half an hour, close your eyes and let them rest for a few minutes. Blink often to layer your eyes with a coating of moisture.
7. Avoid cigarette smoking –
Both active and passive smoking increase risks of vision problems in old-age such as cataracts, macular degeneration and uveitis. So kick the habit and if you are not a smoker then steer clear of passive smoking.
8. Exercise is compulsory –
Several studies have proved that rigorous physical activity especially fast walking can ward off age-related eye illnesses.
9. Prevention of eye problems means eating right –
Vitamins, antioxidants and Omega 3 fatty acids can improve your eye health and reduce risks of cataracts and macular degeneration. So make sure your diet consists of foods rich in these nutrients.
Eyes damage can be debilitating. But you can avert that fate by adopting these tips.