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Benefits of Prana Mudra and How to Do it By Dr. Himani Bisht

By Dr. Himani Bisht +2 more

Introduction: 

 In contemporary times, yoga practice has become more about maintenance, promotion and preservation of health. Yoga has spread worldwide through the teachings of great yoga gurus like Shri T. Krishnamacharya, Sri Aurobindo, Swami Satyananda Sarasvati, Swami Shivananda, Maharshi Mahesh Yogi and many more.1 

prana mudra

Mudras in yoga are practices associated with pranayama (breathing techniques). They are viewed as higher yogic practices. It is hypothesized that practices like mudras, mainly consisting of hand gestures, might help gain control over the mind and play a role in attainment of higher yogic practices.1   

Mudras mainly focus on adopting specific body patterns along with control over breathing.1 Let us look at some of the health benefits on prana mudra. 

What is Prana Mudra? 

Mudras are the key to hatha yoga and pranayama systems of the evolution of body, emotions and mind. Mudras are used in classical Indian dances as meaningful gestures to convey an emotion. They are also used in rites and pujas in Hindu ritual worship. In the practice of yoga, mudras are used to gesture the mind.2 

The prana mudra is a hand gesture which represents life force and vitality. It stimulates the mooladhara or the root chakra. Mooladhara is one of the seven primary chakras. Mooladhara translates to the root of existence in English. Prana mudra increases vitality from the root and radiates energy through the nervous system and chakras.3 

Prana mudra increases the earth and water element and decreases the fire element. In addition, it increases the kapha humour and decreases the pitta humour.3 

Also Read: Benefits of Udana Mudra and How to Do it By Dr. Himani Bisht

Based on my observations, the best time to practice Prana Mudra is in the morning. Prana Mudra should be done on an empty stomach or at least an hour after eating your meal.

Dr. Siddharth Gupta, MD

How to do it? 

Prana mudra can be done in the following way: 

  • You can sit comfortably on the ground or chair. Make yourself relaxed. 
  • Ensure that the room is well-ventilated and receives lighting. You can also add calming background music while practicing this mudra. 
  • Stretch your hands outward and allow them to rest on the thighs, palms facing upwards. 
  • Now, touch the tip of the thumb with ring and little fingers. The thumb symbolizes the fire element, ring finger symbolizes the earth element, and the little finger symbolizes the water element. 
  • Keep the index and middle finger extended. 
  • Take several deep breaths and focus on the pure revitalizing energy pouring into your body as you breathe in. 
  • Each cell is being fully revitalized now. You can use an affirmative sentence to enhance your practice further: “I plug into the universal energy source and recharge my pranic batteries.” 
  • Keep both hands in prana mudra. Keep your shoulders relaxed.3 

Do you know? 

Aren’t mudras an interesting concept where it seems like you do less and gain more? Here are a few more interesting facts about prana mudra: 

  • Prana mudra can activate the dormant energy in the body; therefore, it is also known as the ‘life force seal’ where the word prana means life force and mudra means seal. 
  • Indian classical dance uses hand gestures to convey messages and emotions. Prana mudra is similar to the kartarimukha hasta (a hand-gesture in kathak, used to denote peacock) of the Indian classical dance. 

Also Read: Benefits of Prithvi Mudra and How to Do it By Dr. Ankit Sankhe

Benefits of Prana Mudra: 

Some of the prana mudra benefits are: 

1. Benefits of prana mudra for immunity 

Prana mudra affects the flow of vital energy. Therefore, practising prana mudra may enhance immunity. Therefore, it may be beneficial in case of covid-19 infections.4 More research is required to check if prana mudra can help to build immunity. It is advised to build up your immunity so your body can fight effectively during infections. 

2. Benefits of prana mudra for eyesight 

Regular practice of prana mudra might help improve eyesight.3 However, further clinical studies are yet to be done to check the effect of prana mudra on eyesight. Therefore, you must consult your doctor if your eyesight is hampered. 

3. Benefits of prana mudra for the lungs  

Prana mudra may improve the functioning of vital organs like the lungs.3 More research is needed to check if prana mudra can enhance lung function. The lung is a vital organ, and hence if you experience any symptoms related to any respiratory disorders, you must immediately consult your doctor. 

4. Benefits of prana mudra for the heart 

Prana mudra may help the functioning of the heart.3 Research is yet to be done to ensure that prana mudra may benefit the heart. Heart diseases can be dangerous; therefore, you must consult your doctor if you experience any symptoms of heart disease. 

5. Benefits of prana mudra for blood circulation 

Proper blood circulation is essential to deliver oxygen to all body parts and maintain optimal health. Regular practice of prana mudra may improve blood circulation.3 However, more studies are required to evaluate the effect of prana mudra on blood circulation.  

6. Benefits of prana mudra for muscular cramps 

Prana mudra may help to get rid of cramps in muscles that happen with excessive exercise, holding a pose for too long, dehydration, etc. Sometimes, cramps cause numbness. Prana mudra may help in case of cramps and numbness in any part of the body.3 Further studies are yet to be done to check whether prana mudra can reduce cramps and numbness. 

7. Benefits of prana mudra for mental well-being 

Mental well-being is as important as physical well-being. Regular practice of prana mudra may stimulate delight, energy, joy, zeal, hope and perseverance. It may also help to overcome mental tension, anger, jealousy, pride, restlessness and irritability.3 However, more research is yet to be done to check the effect of prana mudra on controlling various emotions. 

8. Benefits of prana mudra for pain relief 

Prana mudra may help reduce pain, especially in the limbs or legs.3 Further studies are required to check the effect of prana mudra in case of pain. You must consult a doctor if you have prolonged chronic pain. 

Yoga practice may help develop the mind and body; however, it is still not an alternative to modern medicine. Therefore, you must not rely on yoga alone to treat any condition. Instead, please consult a qualified doctor who will be able to assess your condition correctly and advise accordingly. Moreover, it is necessary to practice and learn yoga under the supervision of a trained yoga teacher to avoid any injuries. 

Also Read: Benefits of Vayu Mudra and How to Do it By Dr. Ankit Sankhe

According to Ayurveda, Prana Mudra is associated with three elements agni, jala and prithvi. It is also connected to the spine. Practising Prana Mudra can affect Base Chakra (Muladhara), which generates heat and energy in the body.

Dr. Rajeev Singh, BAMS

Risks of Exercise 

Risks associated with prana mudra are: 

  • You should not do prana mudra for a long time in one sitting, especially in the beginning. Kindly consult your yoga instructor and perform it for short durations under their guidance. 
  • If you have undergone any surgery, it is advised that you seek medical advice before performing prana mudra.  
  • If you have any medical condition, you should ask a yoga expert if you can benefit from performing the prana mudra and should perform it only under their supervision and according to their recommendation. 

With the guidance of a qualified and experienced yoga expert, we can assess and analyse the risk factors and continue to practice exercise with precautions. 

Also Read: Vitamin D3 Deficiency Symptoms: A Comprehensive Guide to Signs and Management options 

Conclusion 

Mudras are the key to hatha yoga and pranayama systems of the evolution of body, emotions and mind. The prana mudra is a hand gesture which represents life force and vitality. It stimulates the mooladhara or the root chakra. Prana mudra has several benefits for physical and mental health. It may enhance immunity, may improve eyesight, might help get rid of cramps, may reduce pain in limbs and legs and might improve blood circulation. It may also energise and possibly improve the functioning of vital organs like the lungs and heart. Prana mudra may also ensure mental well-being. It is advised to do prana mudra under the guidance of a yoga professional to get the maximum benefit. 

Also Read: Benefits of Surya Mudra and How to Do it By Dr. Himani Bisht

Frequently Asked Questions 

1) Is there any benefit of prana mudra for eyes? 

Yes, prana mudra may improve eyesight.3 

2) What are the benefits of prana mudra? 

Prana mudra has several benefits for physical and mental health. It may enhance immunity, improve eyesight, help to get rid of cramps, reduce pain in limbs and legs and improve blood circulation. It may also energise and improve the functioning of vital organs like the lungs and heart. Prana mudra may also ensure mental well-being.3,4 

3) How to do prana mudra yoga? 

Sit comfortably on the ground or chair and make yourself relaxed. Stretch your hands outward and allow them to rest on the thighs, palms facing upwards. Now, touch the tip of the thumb with ring and little fingers. The thumb symbolizes the fire element ring finger symbolizes the earth element, and the little finger symbolises the water element. Keep the index, and middle finger extended. Take several deep breaths and focus on the pure revitalizing energy pouring into your body as you breathe in. Each cell is being fully revitalized now. You can use an affirmative sentence to enhance your practice further: “I plug into the universal energy source and recharge my pranic batteries.” Keep both hands in prana mudra. Keep your shoulders relaxed.3 

4) Does prana mudra help in case of covid-19? 

Yes, prana mudra may help to build immunity; therefore, it may help in case of covid-19 infections.4 

5) What are the risks associated with prana mudra? 

Prana mudra may cause hiccups, respiratory diseases like dyspnoea (breathing discomfort), sinusitis (swelling of the cavity around the nasal passage) and cough. It may also make the voice hoarse. You must do prana mudra under the guidance of a yoga professional to avoid any risks.4 

References: 

  1. Basavaraddi IV. Yoga: Its Origin, History and Development [Internet]. Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. 2015 [cited 2022Sep22]. Available from: https://mea.gov.in/in-focus-article.htm?25096%2FYoga%2BIts%2BOrigin%2BHistory%2Band%2BDevelopment  
  1. Bhavanani, Ananda. MUDRAS. (2006) Available from: https://www.academia.edu/download/66704744/Mudras_Yoga_in_Your_Hands_by_Gertrud_Hirschi_z_lib.org_.pdf 
  1. Embassy of India Vienna, Austria. [cited 2022Sep18]. Available from: https://www.eoivienna.gov.in/?pdf8901%3F000 
  1. Bhavya BM, Shubhashree MN, Doddamani SH. An Ayurvedic Understanding on Applications of Yogic Prana Mudra in Relation with Prana Vayu as a Supportive Measure during Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Bhavya-Bm-2/publication/360649935_An_Ayurvedic_Understanding_on_Applications_of_Yogic_Prana_Mudra_in_Relation_with_Prana_Vayu_as_a_Supportive_Measure_during_Coronavirus_Disease_2019_Pandemic/links/62da474b82bb4729929703e5/An-Ayurvedic-Understanding-on-Applications-of-Yogic-Prana-Mudra-in-Relation-with-Prana-Vayu-as-a-Supportive-Measure-during-Coronavirus-Disease-2019-Pandemic.pdf 

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