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Simple Home Remedies for Varicose Veins

By Dr Ashok Pal +2 more

Introduction: 

Do you see blue or purple veins bulging out of your skin? These spiralling lines can make people conscious of their appearance. 

Home Remedies For Varicose Veins

The presence of swollen and prominent veins on the feet and legs is called varicose veins. Varicose veins are primarily dark purple or blue in colour and appear twisted, lumpy or bulging. Varicose veins usually do not cause any serious issues or discomfort. If you suffer from varicose veins and they do not cause any pain or discomfort, you might not require consultation from your doctor.1 Varicose vein is a common problem, chances of which increase with the increase in age, if you are female, do not exercise, have obesity or have a family history of varicose veins. It is also more common in pregnancy.2 

In some cases, if the varicose veins, often called as spider veins, become too noticeable, They might cause discomfort and embarrassment to people.3 

Wearing tight-fitting clothes can restrict blood flow. A person may find that their circulation is improved by wearing loose-fitting clothes that do not restrict the blood supply to the lower body. Wearing flat shoes instead of high heels may also help with varicose veins in the legs.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

What Causes Varicose Veins? 

An increased blood pressure in the veins is the primary cause of varicose veins. The mechanism of how a varicose vein is formed is given below:  

  • The valves in the veins become weakened and damaged 
  • Blood gets collected in the veins, exerting pressure on the walls of the vein 
  • Veins become enlarged and swollen, causing varicose3 

The valves can become weakened or damaged due to many reasons such as: 

  • Ageing 
  • Hormones 
  • Standing for a longer period 
  • Excessive weight 
  • Wearing restrictive clothing.4 

Also Read: Natural Home Remedies for Leg Pain

Did you know?

Varicose veins are frequently complicated by varicose ulcers which may take many months or years to heal and treatment for them is aimed at preventing infection and speeding up healing.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj – M.B.B.S, M.D.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins: 

The primary symptom of varicose veins is the appearance of dark purple- or blue-coloured veins under the skin surface. Other symptoms of the varicose vein are: 

  • Itching around the varicose vein 
  • Pain or soreness in the legs 
  • Swelling and throbbing in the legs, feet and ankles 
  • Brown discolouration or ulceration on the skin 
  • Legs feeling tired, sluggish and heavy after any physical activity 
  • Bulging and twisted veins.4 

Also Read: Effective Home Remedies For Heel Pain

Main Types of Varicose Veins

1. Saphenous Varicose Veins 

The saphenous veins are in your legs, they become significantly larger and swollen than normal. This makes them clearly visible as they will push the skin and protrude like mini-ropes. They can have some colour or be colourless.

2. Reticular Varicose Veins

These are smaller in size but spread in a network of reddish, greenish or purplish colours. They cover large sections of the body and although they do not stick out as much as saphenous veins, they can be very obvious against your skin. 

3. Spider Veins

These are thinner and smaller compared to the previous types and also spread in a web-like fashion. They can be reddish or bluish in colour. 

Adding to the article gently massaging the affected areas can help to keep the blood moving through the veins. A person can use gentle massage oils or moisturizer for optimal effects. It is crucial to avoid pressing directly onto the veins, however, as this may damage fragile tissues.

Dr. M.G. Kartheeka, MBBS, MD

Suggested Home Remedies for Varicose Veins: 

If the varicose veins on your body bother you, you can take these steps at home to enhance your blood circulation in the legs and improve varicose veins. 

1. Elevation of Legs 

Elevating your feet above the level of your heart several times a day can help you reduce the symptoms of varicose veins. You can do this by lying down and putting some pillows below your feet. 

For mild-to-moderate varicose veins, leg elevation will help you improve the blood flow back to the heart and reduce the swelling of the varicosed vein.3  

2. Physical Exercise 

You can try any physical exercise that works the muscles in your legs. The muscles of the legs help your veins push the blood back to the heart against the gravitational force. By exercising your leg muscles, you will also prevent new varicose veins from forming.5 

3. Weight Loss 

Being overweight or obese is one of the major risk factors for varicose veins. When you are overweight, veins have difficulty in pushing the blood back to the heart, which might lead to varicose veins in the long run. Losing weight will help the veins in moving the blood back. It will also prevent the formation of newer varicose veins.5 

Varicose veins are often complicated by pain in the legs, ankles and knees, which usually get better as you allow your legs to rest, and keep them in an elevated position, thus reducing the pooling of the blood in the lower limbs.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj – M.B.B.S, M.D.

4. Wear Compression Stockings 

Compression stockings are designed in such a way so that they help to squeeze your legs and improve blood circulation. As the blood circulation improves, it encourages the flow of blood to your heart. In addition, compression stockings relieve the pain, swelling and discomfort associated with varicose veins. Pregnant women who also have varicose veins can use compression stockings for the duration of their pregnancy. But, pregnant women should consult their doctor before using compression stockings. 

Compression stockings are available in different colours, sizes, foot styles, pressures and lengths that can be bought from chemists or directly available from manufacturers.6 

PharmEasy Recommends – Sorgen Classique (Lycra) Medical Compression Stockings For Varicose Veins

5. Avoid Standing or Sitting for Long Periods 

If you have a sedentary lifestyle and if your work involves sitting or standing for a long time, you can take small breaks every 30 minutes to stand up and walk around. Walking will allow the muscles of your legs to move the blood back to your heart. You can do this at your home or workplace to improve the blood circulation in your legs.5 

Natural remedies are also effective in relieving varicose veins. Many natural remedies that might help to improve varicose veins are: 

6. Ginger 

Ginger possesses many health benefits like improving the flow of body fluids and stimulating blood circulation in the body. It also helps in lowering high blood pressure too.7 You can use ginger to get relief from varicose veins.8 You can add fresh ginger to your diet to get rid of varicose veins. You can also make fresh ginger tea to relieve varicose veins. 

7. Garlic 

You can take garlic to get relief from varicose veins. Garlic can help to improve blood circulation and reduce blood pressure, improving the swelling and blood circulation associated with a varicosed vein.8 You can involve fresh garlic in your diet by adding it to various dishes. 

8. Cayenne 

Cayenne pepper prevents the formation of blood clots and helps in breaking down existing blood clots. This improves blood circulation and helps to get relief from varicose veins.8 You can put cayenne pepper in your dishes. 

Prolonged sitting and standing usually makes the varicose veins worse and this condition doesn’t usually get cured on its own and usually requires compression stockings, medical and at times surgical management, if severe and painful.

Dr. Ashish Bajaj, M.B.B.S., M.D.

Also Read: Natural Home Remedies for Blood Clots

When to Seek Medical Help? 

Varicose veins are not dangerous and do not cause any severe health problems. However, if your varicose veins make you uncomfortable about your appearance, you can meet your healthcare provider or doctor for an examination. Also, if you notice these symptoms along with varicose veins, contact your healthcare provider immediately. 

  • Swelling 
  • Bleeding 
  • Painful and warm to touch 
  • Discolouration.4 

Also Read: How to Stop Leg Cramps Immediately: Research-Backed Techniques and Remedies

Conclusion: 

A varicosed vein appears swollen or bulging beneath the skin surface and is blue or purple in colour. If you are suffering from varicose veins, you are not alone. There are many people suffering from varicose veins who do not experience any complications. In most cases, they do not cause any pain. However, some people might find the presence of varicose veins uncomfortable and concerning. If your varicose veins are causing you any discomfort, you can reach out to your healthcare provider and get a diagnosis and treatment. You can even follow simple steps at home like exercising, walking, elevating the legs and wearing compression stockings. 

However, if your varicose veins do not improve with home remedies and you feel other symptoms like bleeding, discolouration and pain, you should immediately contact your healthcare provider. 

Also Read: Best Home Remedies for Burning Feet

Frequently Asked Questions: 

What are the home remedies for relieving varicose veins?

There are many home remedies to relieve a varicose vein. You can start by physical exercise, wearing compression stockings and doing leg elevation whenever you have time. Weight loss can also help in relieving varicose veins symptoms. There are some common ingredients like ginger, garlic and cayenne pepper that you can involve in your diet in relieving varicose veins.3,5,6,8  

What are the complications of varicose veins? 

Varicose vein does not cause complications most of the time. However, in rare cases, people may develop complications like inflammation of veins and the formation of blood clots.3 If you experience these complications, you should contact your healthcare provider immediately

Is it possible to prevent varicose veins? 

You can start by maintaining healthy body weight and regular exercise. You should avoid wearing tight clothing, raising your feet while sitting and sitting cross-legged. These steps might help you to prevent varicose veins.3 

What are the herbal remedies for varicose veins? 

The herbal remedies for varicose veins include ginger, garlic and cayenne pepper. You can involve these remedies in your diet to relieve from varicose veins.8 

Can ginger help with varicose veins? 

Ginger offers several health benefits in relieving varicose veins. Ginger improves blood circulation, enhances the flow of body fluids and reduces high blood pressure.7,8 

Does varicose vein requires medical treatment? 

If your varicose vein is not causing you pain or discomfort, you might not require medical intervention.1 However, some people may feel uncomfortable due to the appearance of varicose veins. You can contact your healthcare provider and get proper treatment in such conditions. Also, if the varicose vein is accompanied by bleeding, swelling, pain and discolouration, you should immediately contact your healthcare provider.4 

Also Read: Effective Home Remedies for Swollen Legs

References: 

1. NHS [Internet]. Varicose veins; 2020 May 7 [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/varicose-veins/ 

2. MedlinePlus [Internet]. Varicose Veins; 2016 Oct 3 [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://medlineplus.gov/varicoseveins.html 

3. Johns Hopkins Medicine [Internet]. Varicose Veins [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/conditions-and-diseases/varicose-veins 

4. Cleveland Clinic [Internet]. Varicose Veins; 2021 Dec 29 [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/4722-varicose-veins 

5. Office on Women’s Health [Internet]. Varicose veins and spider veins; 2021 Feb 15 [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://www.womenshealth.gov/a-z-topics/varicose-veins-and-spider-veins 

6. NHS [Internet]. Varicose veins: Treatment; 2020 May 7 [cited 2022 May 11]. Available from: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/varicose-veins/treatment/ 

7. Mahmood S. A critical review on pharmaceutical and medicinal importance of ginger. Acta Scientific Nutritional Health. 2019;3:78-82. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/338361864 

8. Parihar S, Sharma D. A Brief Review on Herbs Used in the Treatment of Varicose Veins. Journal of Drug Delivery and Therapeutics. 2022 Jan 15;12(1):158-62.Available from: http://jddtonline.info/index.php/jddt/article/view/5161/4374 

 Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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