Papaya fruit is widely known for its taste, nutrition and health benefits but not many people are aware of the immensely beneficial Papaya seeds, that are usually thrown away. These tiny round seeds are actually edible and are good for our health if consumed in a limited quantity.
Papaya seeds are black in colour and have a shiny, wet and slimy covering. If you remove this covering, you can feel the rough black seeds. They are slightly bitter and peppery in taste. You can consume them by drying and grinding.
Nutritional Value of Papaya Seeds:
- 100 grams of dried papaya seeds provide around 558 calories of energy. They are rich in proteins, fat and fibre.
- They also contain vitamins and minerals like iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc etc
- Papaya seeds are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid. They also contain polyphenols and flavonoids that are powerful antioxidants
Health Benefits of Papaya Seeds Are:
- Powerful Antioxidant:
Papaya seeds are rich in polyphenols, flavonoids, alkaloids, tannins and saponins. They are strong antioxidants. 
Antioxidants protect the body from damage by free radicals, protecting us from a variety of diseases.
- Healthy Gut:
Papaya seeds are rich in fibre. They regulate our bowel movements, removing toxins from the body and thus maintaining a healthy gut. They are helpful in constipation.
Carpaine present in papaya seeds kills bacteria and parasites in our intestines and thus keep our digestive system healthy.
- Helps in Weight Loss:
Papaya seeds are rich in fibre. They keep our digestion on track, thus helping in the removal of toxins from our body. They also help in regulating our metabolism and prevent our body from absorbing fat. This helps in preventing obesity.
- Lowers Cholesterol Levels:
Papaya seeds are rich in monounsaturated fatty acids like oleic acid. These fatty acids regulate cholesterol levels by reducing bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol ).
Papaya seeds are also rich in fibre. Fibre helps in reducing cholesterol levels in the body.
Thus, consuming papaya seeds helps in maintaining healthy cholesterol levels in our body.
Read More: Understanding Cholesterol Levels
- Anti-cancer Properties:
Papaya seeds contain polyphenols that are powerful antioxidants. They prevent our body from different types of cancers.
Papaya seeds also contain isothiocyanate, which inhibits the formation and development of cancer cells. 
Papaya seeds protect our kidneys from damage. Consumption of papaya seeds ensures the smooth functioning of our kidneys.
- Maintains Cardiovascular Health:
Papaya seeds protect our hearts. These seeds are rich in various antioxidants that protect our body from free radical damage.
They also help to lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which protects our heart from various disorders.
- Reduces inflammation:
Papaya seeds are proven to be effective in reducing inflammation.
Papaya seeds are rich in vitamin C and compounds like alkaloids, flavonoids and polyphenols. All these compounds exhibit anti-inflammatory properties.
They are thus useful in preventing and reducing inflammation in diseases like gout, arthritis etc.
Papaya seeds exhibit anti-ageing properties. They maintain the elasticity of our skin and thus prevent the development of fine lines and wrinkles.
Papaya seeds protect our body from bacteria like Staphylococcus aureus, Shigella dysenteriae, Salmonella typhi, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, etc.
- Relieves Menstrual Pain:
Papaya contains carotene and this substance is essential in helping the body regulate the production of a hormone known as estrogen. While papaya seeds can help induce menstruation and also increase its frequency, they can also help to some degree in managing menstrual cramps.
- Manage Liver Cirrhosis:
Papaya seeds have also been known to contain the vital nutrients necessary to help manage diseases like Liver cirrhosis. Consuming 3 to 4 papaya seeds, crushed and mixed with lime juice on a daily basis, can help in the treatment and recovery of liver cirrhosis.
- Cures Food Poisoning:
Research has shown that preparing and consuming an extract of papaya seeds can help to successfully kill bacteria like E.coli, Salmonella, Staphylococcus, etc. which are responsible for most cases of food poisoning.
Also Read: 11 Health Benefits of Sunflower Seeds
Side Effects of Papaya Seeds:
- Excess consumption in pregnancy may be harmful to the growing foetus.
- Excess consumption of papaya seeds may decrease fertility in men by affecting the number of sperms.
- Excess consumption of papaya seeds may cause diarrhoea.
- Eating too much papaya seeds is not recommended for lactating mothers.
Dosage of Papaya Seeds:
You should not consume more than 1 teaspoon of papaya seeds per day.
Also Read: 14 Health Benefits of Pumpkin Seeds
Disclaimer: The information included at this site is for educational purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional. Because of unique individual needs, the reader should consult their physician to determine the appropriateness of the information for the reader’s situation.