Anaemia is the condition in which your body does not produce enough red blood cells. It occurs due to the destruction of red blood cells, or your body’s inability to create enough red blood cells.
It’s a serious global public health problem that occurs at any stage of life. In fact, it’s one of the most common nutritional deficiency. But, did you know it’s also one of the most treatable and preventable?
If you are suffering from anaemia, then you should take care to avoid the following foods and must follow a specific diet plan to treat this disease quickly. In short, a healthy diet is your first line of defense.
The following checklist can undoubtedly be of great help for anaemic patients to prevent it from getting worst.
- Avoid Tannins
Tannins are plant-based naturally occurring substances. The tea and coffee you drink also contain tannins. They are also present in fruit juices, berries, pomegranates, nuts, legumes, some herbs, and some spices.
The iron absorption occurs predominantly in the duodenum and upper jejunum of the small intestine. These substances then bind iron molecule and interfere with the iron absorption in the body. Due to this interference, iron is not completely absorbed from your body.
- Say No to Gluten
Food items rich in gluten must be avoided as it can worsen Anaemia. Gluten may damage intestinal wall and prevent iron and folic acid absorption which are required to produce red blood cells.
In celiac disease (a disease in which small intestine is damaged as the patients are allergic to gluten), the folate and iron are not entirely absorbed in the body. As a result, this mal-absorption can lead to anaemia. However, gluten must only be avoided, if you are allergic to it and not otherwise.
- Avoid Phytates
Phytates, also termed as phytic acid is present in legumes, whole grains, nuts, and brown rice. The phytic acid binds with the iron present in the digestive tract and inhibits its absorption. Hence, Anaemic patients must avoid foods containing phytates.
- Beware of Calcium-Containing Foods
The mineral hinders the iron absorption and therefore consuming calcium-containing food products in combination with other iron-containing items can affect how much iron is being absorbed by your body. Dairy foods like milk, yogurt, and cheese should be avoided for this reason. Therefore, it is advisable to take calcium-containing foods at different time slots.
These are significant inhibitors of iron absorption. Various foods like cocoa, coffee, apples, spices, walnuts, etc. contain polyphenols or phenolic compounds; hence, they should be avoided by anaemic patients.
Thus, by following the above checklist, you can undoubtedly rebuild your iron supply and help to cope with anaemia.