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Effective Ways And Homemade Masks For Treating Acne

By Dr. Nikita Toshi +2 more

Pimples are the worst or embarrassing thing we all get especially during puberty age. Acne (Acne vulgaris) is a chronic condition which is most commonly occurs on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and back. Acne is the most common among adolescents but it can persist into adulthood and during pregnancy.

What is Acne?

Acne (Acne vulgaris) is non-contagious, chronic, inflammatory condition of the skin caused due to blocked hair follicles with oil (sebum) and dead skin cells. It is usually associated with hormonal fluctuation during the teenage years. There are various types of acne from simple to severe form. Usually, oily skin is more prone to acne than dry skin. Acne doesn’t just affect people’s skin but impacts their quality of life too.

face mask for acne

Types of Acne

There are mainly two types of acne –

  • Inflammatory acne – Comedo or blackheads and whitehead
  • Non-inflammatory acne – Inflammatory papules, pustules, cysts, and nodules

What are the Causes of Acne?

Acne occurs due to multiple factors. Acne forms when the tiny skin pores clogged with oil and dirt. Here are some causative factors of acne –

  • Hereditary
  • Hormonal factor
  • Diet
  • Stress
  • Lack of exercise
  • Certain medication
  • Smoking
  • Unhygienic skincare

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Acne?

  • Small, red eruptions
  • Crusting of skin bumps
  • Cyst
  • Boils over the skin
  • Scarring
  • Blackheads
  • Whiteheads

Did You Know?

  • Acne affects about 95% of people aged 11 to 30 in the United States. source: NHS
  • Washing affected areas of skin more than twice a day can irritate the skin and make acne worse. source: NHS
  • Avoid squeezing spots or blackheads to prevent worsening and scarring. source: NHS
  • There is no evidence that diet, poor hygiene, or sexual activity play a role in acne. source: NHS

How to Treat Acne?

When there is mild acne, you should try self-care remedies first and other options. The best treatment is to prevent the production of sebum, keep your skin clean, bacteria-free, and encourage shedding of the skin to unclog pores. Besides that acne treatment is purely based on the causative factor.

Self-care treatment for acne –

  • Regularly clean your skin with water and nondrying soap.
  • Avoid aggressive scrubbing as it may cause inflammation.
  • Moisturize your skin daily to keep it hydrated. Use only fragrance-free, non-comedogenic moisturizer.
  • Drink plenty of water as water flush all toxins from your body and keep you healthy.
  • Don’t touch your face again and again.
  • Never pick your acne because it may cause inflammation, bleeding, and possibly scarring.

Acne can be mild, moderate, and severe. The treatment depends on its severity and intensity –

Mild Acne –

Mild acne can be treated with some remedies and over-the-counter (OTC) drug medications like gels, ointments. Here are some OTC medications for acne –

  • Topical antibiotic ointments or gel – sometimes topical application in mild acne is sufficient to clear it. It includes Benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, erythromycin gel, dapsone, etc.
  • Retinoid –
    Retin-A, Adapalene, Tazarotene are some retinoids use to unblock the pores through cell turnover.

These preparations may cause some side effects such as skin irritation and burning. Hence always use it in low strength.

Also Read: Pimples on Lips: Causes, Prevention, and Effective Treatments

Moderate to Severe Acne  –

It is always better to consult a dermatologist if you don’t have control or prevent acne. There are various options to treat moderate to severe acne.

  • Oral antibiotics – Dermatologist may start antibiotics when you have flared, bloody acne. Erythromycin and tetracycline are commonly used drugs by doctors to treat acne. This drug by prolonged use may cause side-effects. Doxycycline, in particular, is generally a safe drug with low side-effects.
  • Corticosteroid injections – This is the fastest way to reduce large and severely inflamed pimples and cysts. A specialist may treat this with diluted cortisone.
  • Oral contraceptive – Some oral contraceptive pills have been shown to effective in treating acne. It can help to control acne in women by suppressing the overactive gland.
  • Isotretinoin – It is an excellent drug for severe, inflamed, scarring, and, persistent acne. Though Isotretinoin is effective it has a lot of serious side-effects. Hence, it is required several unique controls before it is prescribed. This drug is prescribed for five to six months at the required dosage that has a high likelihood of preventing the return of acne. Patients who are taking this drug must avoid vitamin A as it may lead to vitamin A toxicity. Adverse effects include dry lips, dry skin, nosebleed, and mood swings.
  • Phototherapy – Doctors can use ultraviolet (UV) light to treat acne. Blue and red light therapy can kill bacteria without damaging the skin.
  • Chemical peels – This procedure uses repeated applications of chemicals such as salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or retinoic acid. This treatment is for mild acne. Chemical peels are of modest, simple, and OPD based therapy.

Also Read: Does Hyaluronic Acid Help Acne? A Research-Based Guide to Clear Skin

Homemade Masks for Acne-prone Skin  

For mild acne, you can try homemade masks to prevent acne and scar.

1: Turmeric Facial Mask

Turmeric is always on the top when it comes to beautiful skin. Turmeric has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, antioxidant properties. For a facial mask, mix  ½ cup of chickpea flour and 2 tsp of turmeric powder and ghee or almond oil and combine them with water to make a paste. Apply it on the skin for 5 minutes and rinse with the cold water. Turmeric can treat and prevent acne and scarring.

2: Cucumber Face Mask

Cucumber has a soothing effect on the skin, reducing inflammation, irritation, and pain. For better results, make a paste by blending one small cucumber and 1 cup of oatmeal. Apply this paste on the affected area for 30 minutes and rinse.

3: Honey Mask

Honey has anti-bacterial properties which are used for inflamed acne, wounds, and burns. To get rid of acne, apply honey over the face for 30 minutes, and then wash it with lukewarm water.

4: Yogurt Mask for Oily Skin

Yogurt is a probiotic that inhibits the growth of bacteria. To make a mask, combine 1 tsp of yeast with little plain yogurt and mix it. Apply it on the skin for 15 to 20 minutes and wash it with cold water.

5: Egg White Mask  

This one basic kitchen staple is a game-changer. Egg white is the one ingredient that is known to destroy acne-causing bacteria due to its high lysozyme content. Not only that, but egg whites also contain astringent attributes which help in the removal of dirt, grime and surplus oil that clogs the pores. Apart from the important role it plays in giving your skin a healthy glow, it also possesses anti-inflammatory properties. The lysozyme protein creates a form of protective layering which helps in soothing inflammation.

6: Banana Lemon Mask  

Exfoliation is one of the most amazing benefits of bananas. It ensures that your skin gets rid of the dead cells that accumulate on it and even eliminates the unwanted sebum that sits on your skin. Adding lemon to the banana ensures that while the banana takes care of removing the excess sebum, it helps in drying out the remainder of it which is otherwise difficult to extract along with destroying the bacteria that cause acne.  

Also Read: How to Get Rid of Butt Acne: Proven Strategies and Solutions

Disclaimer: The information provided here is for educational/awareness purposes only and is not intended to be a substitute for medical treatment by a healthcare professional and should not be relied upon to diagnose or treat any medical condition. The reader should consult a registered medical practitioner to determine the appropriateness of the information and before consuming any medication. PharmEasy does not provide any guarantee or warranty (express or implied) regarding the accuracy, adequacy, completeness, legality, reliability or usefulness of the information; and disclaims any liability arising thereof.

Links and product recommendations in the information provided here are advertisements of third-party products available on the website. PharmEasy does not make any representation on the accuracy or suitability of such products/services. Advertisements do not influence the editorial decisions or content. The information in this blog is subject to change without notice. The authors and administrators reserve the right to modify, add, or remove content without notification. It is your responsibility to review this disclaimer regularly for any changes.

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